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Flashcards in GI terminology Deck (55):
1

Lack of appetite

Anorexia

2

subjective sensation of impending urge to vomit

Nausea

3

Queasiness -->retching, forceful ejection of upper gut contents from the mouth

Vomiting/Emesis

4

Peristalsis of stomach and esophagus conducted with a closed glottis

retching

5

effortless reflux of liquid or gastric or esophageal food contents in the absence of N/V

regurgitation

6

Chewing and swallowing of food that is regurgitated volitionally after meals

rumination

7

Gastric conditions where there is epithelial or endothelial damage without inflammation

Gastropathy

8

Inflammation of the stomach with distinctive histologic and endoscopic features

Gastritis

9

Expulsion of swallowed air, aka burping

Eructation

10

hiccups

singultus

11

gas or air in the GI tract expelled through the anus

Flatus

12

vomiting blood

hematemesis

13

a rumbling noise caused by propulsion of gas through the intestine

borborygmi

14

ineffectual and painful straining at stool (or urination)

tenesmus

15

repeated having bowel movements in places other than the toilet after the age when bowel control can be normally expected

Encopresis

16

pertaining to or originating in a hospital

nosocomial

17

A group of symptoms accompanying fulminant pulmonary edema and resulting in acute respiratory failure

-ARDS: Acute respiratory Distress syndrome

18

Diffuse inflammation of the soft or connective tissue due to infections (acute pancreatitis)

Phlegmon

19

MRCP

magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography

20

ERCP

endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography

21

EUS

endoscopic ultrasound

22

general term for a group of GI disorders characterized by inflammation of the intestines, particularly the colon
-abdominal pain and cramps, straining at stool (tenesmus), and frequent passage of watery diarrhea or stools containing blood and mucus

Dysentery

23

Passage of dark-colored, tarry stools, due to presence of blood altered by digestion

melena

24

passage of bright red blood or marron stools

hematochezia

25

pathologic accumulation of fluid in the peritoneal cavity

Ascites

26

General accumulation of serous fluid in various tissues and body cavities

Anasarca

27

hand flapping associated with hepatic encephalopathy

asterixis

28

SAAG equation

serum albumin - ascitic fluid albumin

29

substernal burning sensation, aka heartburn

pyrosis

30

difficulty swallowing

dysphagia

31

painful swallowing

odynophagia

32

Postprandial epigastric discomfort

dyspepsia

33

stoppage or suppression of bile flow, due to factors within (intrahepatic) or outside the liver (extrahepatic)

cholestasis

34

Foreign body sensation localized in the neck that does not interfere with swallowing and sometimes relieved by swallowing. often occurs in setting of anxiety or obsessive compulsive disorders. . . often attributable to GERD

Globus Pharyngeus

35

bulky, light colored fatty stools

steatorrhea

36

the process of growing old

senescence

37

a profound and marked state of constitutional disorder; general ill health and malnutrition

cachexia

38

Intra-abdominal malignancy that metastisizes to left supraclavicular lymph node

Virchow Node

39

Intra-abdominal malignancy that metastisizes to umbilicus

Sister Mary Joseph nodule

40

Intra-abdominal malignancy that metastisizes to ovary

Krukenberg tumor

41

A firm lump felt in the perirectal pouch on rectal exam. Rare physical finding in pts with metastatic adenocarcinoma of the stomach

Blumer shelf

42

Flank Eccymosis secondary to intra-abdominal hemorrhage

Grey Turner sign

43

Eccymosis around the umbilicus secondary to intra-abdominal hemorrhage

Cullen sign

44

abdomen is hard, involuntary reflex

rigidity

45

pain in the RLQ during left-sided pressure - referred rebound tenderness seen in appendicitis

Rovsing's sign

46

rebound tenderness or pain 1/3 of the distance from ASIS to umbilicus - may suggest appendicitis/peritoneal irritation

McBurney's point

47

Palpate deeply under right costal margin during inspiration, and observe pain and/or sudden stop in inspiratory effort . . test for acute cholecystitis or cholelithiasis

Murphy sign

48

Enlarged non-tender gallbladder secondary to pancreatic disease or cancer

Courvoisier's sign

49

Have the patient flex their hip against your resistance- increased abdominal pain is a + test . . suggest irritation of the psoas muscle from inflammation of the appendix

Iliopsoas Muscle Test

50

Flex the patients right thigh at the hip, with the knee bent, and rotate the leg internally at the hip . . Right hypogastric pain is + test . . irritation of obturator muscle from inflamed appendix

Obturator muscle test

51

Gently tapping the area of the back overlying the kidney (costovertebral angles) produces pain . . . suggests infection around the kidney or renal stone

Lloyd punch/kidney punch/ CVA tenderness

52

patient supine. doc strikes pts heel . . pain upon striking could indicate appendicitis/peritonitis

Heel strike

53

sign of tetany, inflate BP cuff and wrist flexes . . sign of hypocalcemia

Trousseau sign

54

migrating thrombophlebitis/DVT in respect to CA (pancreatic)

Trousseau Syndrome/sign of malignancy

55

tetany, tap of facial nerve and get facial twitching, sign of hypocalcemia

chvostek sign