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Health Assessment > Gi Tract > Flashcards

Flashcards in Gi Tract Deck (35):
1


Function of the colon

Reabsorbs water and stores waste

2

Most nutrients are absorbed in the?

Small intestines

3

What is chyme ?

Semi-liquid broken down food that enters the large intestines

4

Further absorption occurs in the

Ascending and transverse colon

5

Peristalsis

Involuntary contraction of intestinal muscles occurs 3-12 min

6

Defecation reflex

As the rectum contracts the internal and external sphincters relax

7

Valsalva maneuver

Process of Bearing down to defecate may cause cardiac arrhythmia

8

Food and fluid

High fiber diet 2000-3000ml per day

9

Paralytic lleus

Abnormal finding no bowel sounds

10

Return of gi function after OR is determined by

Bowel sound
Passing gas
Passing of stool
Feeling hungry

11

Constipation foods

Cheese pasta eggs lean meat

12

Increases peristalsis

Fruits veggies chocolate alcohol

13

Gas producing foods

Onions cabbage beans cauliflower

14

Aspirin does what to stool elimination

Pink to red to black stool

15

Iron salts

Black stool

16

Antacids

White discoloration or specs in stool

17

Antibiotics

Green gray color diarrhea abdominal cramping

18

Opioids

Constipated

19

Gi assessment in order

Inspection
Auscultation
Percussion
Palpation

20

Tympanic

Normal sound heard during percussion

21

Dull

Indicates fluid mass

22

Hyper resonance

Excess air is trapped in the intestines

23

Normal bowl movement

Every 1-3 days

24

Colonoscopy

Examines rectum colon and distal small bowels

25

Sigmoidoscopy

Examines sigmoid colon rectum and Anus

26

Barium enema

X-ray of large intestines after barium enema given

27

Stool culture

Collected specimen is tested for parasites

28

Bowel sound assessment skill

Divide abdomen into four quadrants begin in RLQ then continue clockwise bs occur 5-30per min

29

Hypo active BS

Quiet infrequent 1-4 times per min

30

Absent BS

No sound noted listen 2-5 min per quadrant

31

Hyperactive BS

High pitch loudness and regularity

32

Enema position

Left sims

33

Cleansing enema

Stimulates peristalsis through irritation of the colon and rectum

Types: soap suds tap water saline

34

Retention enema

Solution is to be retained in bowel
Type: oil retention

35

Medicated enema

Contains medication
Type: kayealate
Neomycin or prep clean healthy