Global Ecosystems (biomes) Flashcards Preview

Geography, Living World > Global Ecosystems (biomes) > Flashcards

Flashcards in Global Ecosystems (biomes) Deck (26)
Loading flashcards...
1

tundra - location

high latitudes

2

tundra - vegetation

little veg. -> mosses, grass, low shrubs

3

tundra - seasons

winter is very cold
summers are brief

4

tundra - rainfall

very little

5

what is the layer of permanently frozen ground in tundra called?

permafrost

6

tropical rainforest - location

around equator between Tropics

7

tropical rainforest - climate

hot and wet

8

tropical rainforest - vegetation

dense vegetation in distinct layers

9

hot desert - location

30 degrees north and south of equator

10

hot desert - rainfall

little rainfall (less than 250 mm)

11

hot desert - climate

hot in day, cold at night

12

savannah grassland - location

between the tropics

13

savannah grassland - seasons

distinct dry and wet seasons

14

savannah grassland - rainfall

low

15

savannah grassland - vegetation

mainly grasses (with few trees)

16

temperate grassland - location

higher latitudes

17

temperate grassland - vegetation

just grasses (NO trees)

18

temperate deciduous forest - location

mid - latitudes

19

temperate deciduous forest - seasons

4 distinct seasons
summers - warm
winters - mild

20

temperate deciduous forest - rainfall

all year round

21

temperate deciduous forest - vegetation

many trees which lose their leaves in winter to cope with cold weather

22

what is the boreal forest also known as?

taiga

23

where is the boreal/ taiga located?

50-60 degrees N of equator

24

boreal forest /taiga - seasons

winter = cold and dry
summer = mild and moist

25

boreal forest/ taiga - vegetation

coniferous (evergreen and have needles)

26

polar - location

North and South poles