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Flashcards in Global Wine Industry & Wine Laws Deck (32):
1

What percentage of the global vineyard is located in Europe?

57%

2

The first alcoholic beverage that incorporated fermented grapes dates to

7000 BCE

3

What year was the Judgement of Paris competition?

1976

4

What is the global volume of wine produced annually?

260 million hectolitres or 3 billion cases

5

Europe produces what percentage of annual global volume of wine?

66.5%

6

South American produces what percentage of annual global volume of wine?

11%

7

North America produces what percentage of annual global volume of wine?

7%

8

What country has the most vineyard acreage?

Spain

9

What country produces the most wine?

France

10

What country consumes the most wine?

France

11

What country exports (by value) the most wine?

France

12

What country imports to most wine?

USA

13

What countries are the global heavyweights of the wine community?

France, Spain & Italy

14

What two New World countries produce more than they consume and thus export their excess?

Australia & Chile

15

Officially sanctioned wine regions are known generically as

appellations or geographic indications (GIs)

16

EU member countries produce what percentage of the world's wine?

60%

17

What is the EU's three tiered structure of wine categories of quality?

PDO, PGI and Wine

18

What does PDO stand for?

Protected Designation of Origin

19

What does PGI stand for?

Protected Geographic Indication

20

When did the EU regulations take effect?

2009

21

What is the highest level of the EU wine categories?

Protected Designation of Origin

22

What is the second tier of the EU wine categories?

Protected Geographic Indication

23

What is the lowest tier of the the EU wine categories?

Wine

24

Quality Wine Produced in a Specialized Region is the old term now known as

PDO, Protected Designation of Origin

25

Grapes grown within a clearly defined area and produced in that area fall under what level of EU wine catagories?

PDO

26

To qualify as a PGI at least _____ % of the grapes must come from the defined geographical area.

85%

27

To qualify as a PGI wine the wine must be produced in the defined geographical area. T or F

True

28

PGI wines can name vintage on the label if ____% of the grapes came from that vintage.

85%

29

The lowest level of EU catagories can list variety and/or vintage on the label as long as a minimum of _____% is the named variety or vintage.

85%

30

If 2 or 3 varieties are listed on the label ____% of the grapes must be from those 2 or 3 grapes.

100%

31

Sparkling wines whose CO2 is derived from a secondary fermentation, disgorgement, and with a minimum of 9 months aging in the lees can be termed

Quality Sparkling Wine

32

Sparkling wines whose sparkle is derived from the addition of CO2 are termed

Aerated Sparkling Wine