Globalisation: convergence and divergence lecture notes Flashcards Preview

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1

What is globalisation?

Globalization involves the multiplication, expansion, and acceleration of social networks, the compression of space and time and associated with these processes, expanded awareness among individuals/groups (Steger, 2003)​

2

Global integration

“…a widening, deepening, and speeding up of interconnectedness in all aspects of contemporary social life” (Held & McGrew, 1999)​

3

What are the dimensions of globalisation?

Economic​
Political ​
Environmental​
Cultural ……. dimensions

4

Postive perspective 1

More opportunities:
- investment
- jobs = money
- commodities = improved quality of life
- development
- democracy
- cosmopolitan ideas

Linked to modernisation theory (Rostow, 1960)

Positive = James Watson

5

What are the reasons people take different positions on globalisation?

Neoliberalism

6

Negative perspective 1

McDonaldization = world-wide expansion of rational, bureaucratic system of social life

Negative = Ritzer (1993)

7

What are the four main principles of McDonaldization?

1: Efficiency
2: Calculability
3: Predictability
4: Control

Power creates the ability to produce productions

8

Negative perspective 2

Barber 1996
Jihad vs. McWorld
“tribalism and globalism clash at every point except one: they may both be threatening to democracy”
- independence and identity

9

Postitive 2

Robertson
Glocal cultures
Cultural Rainbow = with globalization Glocal Cultures, trends, innovations emerge, hybridization, localization

(see Potter, 2001)

10

Appadurai

1990
"the central problem of today's global interaction is the tension between cultural-homogenisation and cultural heterogenisation"

11

Quote Hall (1995)

'global consumerism, though limited by its uneven geography of power (Massey, 1991), spreads the same thin cultural film over everything - Big Macs, Coca-Cola and Nike trainers everywhere'.
- implications of convergence and homogeneity

12

Massey

- power geometry of space-time compression. Related to flows and interconnections.
different social groups have distinct relationships to mobility.

13

Massey: 1994: Space-time compression

Factors determining how people are placed in the space-time compression:
- communication and networks
- power and influence. who is in charge?
- different social groups have different flows and interconnections