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Flashcards in Glossary Deck (75):
1

Urban

in, relating to, or characteristic of a town or city

2

Suburb

an outlying district of a city, especially a residential one

3

Rural

in, relating to, or characteristic of the countryside rather than the town

4

Civilisation

the stage of human social development and organization which is considered most advanced

5

Community

a group of people living in the same place or having a particular characteristic in common.

6

Neighbourhood

a district or community within a town or city

7

Cultural

relating to the ideas, customs, and social behaviour of a society.

8

Social

relating to society or its organization

9

Economic

relating to economics or the economy.

10

Political

of or relating to the government or public affairs of a country.

11

Environmental

relating to the natural world and the impact of human activity on its condition

12

Traditional

existing in or as part of a tradition; long-established.

13

Racial

relating to race.

14

Ethnicity

the fact or state of belonging to a social group that has a common national or cultural tradition

15

Ancestry

one's family or ethnic descent.

16

Function

an activity that is natural to or the purpose of a person or thing.

17

Multifunctional

having or fulfilling several functions

18

CBD

Central Business District e.g. civic

19

Residential

designed for people to live in

20

Commercial

concerned with or engaged in commerce.

21

Industrial

relating to or characterized by industry.

22

Administrative

relating to the running of a business, organization, etc.

23

Public Service Sector

Public service is a service which is provided by government to people living within its jurisdiction, either directly (through the public sector) or by financing provision of services.

24

Facility/Facilities

a place, amenity, or piece of equipment provided for a particular purpose.

25

Utilities

Utilities mean useful features, or something useful to the home such as electricity, gas, water, cable and telephone. Examples of utilities are brakes, gas caps and a steering wheel in a car. Examples of utilities are electricity and water.

26

Services

a system supplying a public need such as transport, communications, or utilities such as electricity and water.

27

Infrastructure

the basic physical and organizational structures and facilities (e.g. buildings, roads, power supplies) needed for the operation of a society or enterprise.

28

Employment

the state of having paid work.

29

Unemployment

the state of being unemployed.

30

Underemployment

Underemployment is defined as a situation where people are working fewer hours than they wish; e.g. you would like to work 40 hours a week, but the firm only gives you 30 hours. ( Underemployment may also refer to the fact workers accept jobs that don't utilise their skills.

31

Occupation

a job or profession.

32

Income

money received, especially on a regular basis, for work or through investments

33

Citizen

a legally recognized subject or national of a state or commonwealth, either native or naturalized.

34

Inhabitant

a person or animal that lives in or occupies a place.

35

Density

the quantity of people or things in a given area or space

36

Population

all the inhabitants of a particular place.

37

Public

of or concerning the people as a whole

38

Crime

an action or omission which constitutes an offence and is punishable by law.

39

Leisure

time when one is not working or occupied; free time

40

Justice

just behaviour or treatment.

41

Destination

the place to which someone or something is going or being sent

42

Statistic

a fact or piece of data obtained from a study of a large quantity of numerical data.

43

Demographic

relating to the structure of populations.

44

Spatial

relating to space.

45

Location

a particular place or position.

46

Climate

the weather conditions prevailing in an area in general or over a long period

47

Distance

the length of the space between two points.

48

Topography

the arrangement of the natural and artificial physical features of an area.

49

Map Scale

Map scale refers to the relationship (or ratio) between distance on a map and the corresponding distance on the ground. For example, on a 1:100000 scale map, 1cm on the map equals 1km on the ground.

50

Per capita

for each person; in relation to people taken individually

51

Sewerage

the provision of drainage by sewers.

52

Sanitation

conditions relating to public health, especially the provision of clean drinking water and adequate sewage disposal.

53

Retirement village

retirement village" is a complex containing residential premises that are: (a) predominantly or exclusively occupied, or intended to be predominantly or exclusively occupied, by retired persons who have entered into village contracts with an operator of the complex, or.

54

Tenement

1 (especially in Scotland or the US) a room or a set of rooms forming a separate residence within a house or block of flats.a house divided into and let as separate

◦ 2. 
a piece of land held by an owner.

55

Monument

a statue, building, or other structure erected to commemorate a notable person or event.

56

Museum

a building in which objects of historical, scientific, artistic, or cultural interest are stored and exhibited.

57

Memorial

a statue or structure established to remind people of a person or event

58

Architecture

the art or practice of designing and constructing buildings

59

Proximity

nearness in space, time, or relationship.

60

Supply

a stock or amount of something supplied or available for use.

61

Affordability

affordability. Noun. (uncountable) The extent to which something is affordable, as measured by its cost relative to the amount that the purchaser is able to pay

62

Lifestyle

the way in which a person lives.

63

Livelihood

a means of securing the necessities of life.

64

Social inequality

Social inequality is the existence of unequal opportunities and rewards for different social positions or statuses within a group or society.

65

Economic inequality

Economic inequality is the difference found in various measures of economic well-being among individuals in a group, among groups in a population, or among countries. Economic inequality is sometimes called income inequality, wealth inequality, or the wealth gap.

66

Gentrification

renovate and improve (a house or district) so that it conforms to middle-class taste.

67

terrorism

the unofficial or unauthorized use of violence and intimidation in the pursuit of political aims.

68

Disability

a physical or mental condition that limits a person's movements, senses, or activities.

69

Security

the state of being free from danger or threat.

70

Privacy

a state in which one is not observed or disturbed by other people.

71

Resource

a stock or supply of money, materials, staff, and other assets that can be drawn on by a person or organization in order to function effectively.

72

Quality

the standard of something as measured against other things of a similar kind; the degree of excellence of something.

73

Influence

the capacity to have an effect on the character, development, or behaviour of someone or something, or the effect itself.

74

Compare

estimate, measure, or note the similarity or dissimilarity between.

75

contrast

the state of being strikingly different from something else in juxtaposition or close association