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Flashcards in Glossary- O Deck (19):
1

object

A resource, such as a computer, application, database, file, or record. See also
subject.

OR
The instantiation of a class. If a class is thought of as a design, an object can be
thought of as a running example of the class. See also class.

2

object breakdown structure (OBS)

A representation of the components of a project
in graphical or tabular form.

3

object database

See object database management system (ODBMS).

4

object database management system (ODBMS)

A type of database management system where information is represented as objects that are used in object-oriented programming languages.

5

object-oriented (OO) system development

Development of information systems using object-oriented languages and tools.

6

object request broker (ORB) gateway

A system that facilitates the processing of transactions across a distributed environment that uses the CORBA (Common Object Request Broker Architecture) or Microsoft COM/DCOM standards.

7

objectivity

The characteristic of a person that relates to his or her ability to develop an opinion that is not influenced by external pressures.

8

occupant emergency plan (OEP)

Activities required to safely care for occupants in a business location during a disaster. See also response document.

9

off-shoring

A form of sourcing where an employer will source a function with employees or contractors located in another country or continent.

10

off-site media storage

The practice of storing media such as backup tapes at an off- site facility located away from the primary computing facility.

11

online inquiry

An auditing technique where an auditor can log on to an application to retrieve detailed information on specific transactions.

12

open shortest path first (OSPF)

A TCP/IP routing protocol that is used to transmit network routing information from one network router to another in order to determine the most efficient path through a large network.

13

operating system

A large, general-purpose program that is used to control computer hardware and facilitate the use of software applications.

14

operational audit

An audit of IS controls, security controls, or business controls to determine control existence and effectiveness.

15

organization chart

A diagram that depicts the manager-subordinate relationships in an organization, or in a part of an organization.

16

OSI network model

The seven-layer network model that incorporates encapsulation of messages. The OSI model has been extensively studied, but has never been entirely implemented. See also TCP/IP network model.

17

output controls

Controls that ensure the accuracy and validity of final calculations and transformations.

18

outsourcing

A form of sourcing where an employer will use contract employees to perform a function. The contract employees may be located on-site or off-site.

19

owner

A person or group responsible for the operation of an asset.