Flashcards in Glossary of Terms Deck (155):
To spend the summer (or a warm or dry period) in a dormant condition; opposed to hibernate
a winged form of an insect, especially the winged, reproductive forms of ants and termites
Protein sensitization caused by a prior introduction of the same protein in the body
toward the front, as apposed to posterior; in front of
the part of any joint or segment opposite the base or point of attachment to the body
At, near, or pertaining to the end, tip, or outermost part
at or near the point of attachment to the main body
In ticks, the basal point of the false head
the protruding mouthpart structures of a sucking insect
two generations per year
Having short wings that do not cover the abdomen
In social insects the multiplication of colonies by the departure from the parental nest of one or more reproductive forms, accompanied by groups of workers, leaving behind comparable individuals to perpetuate the parental nest. The same as colony fission.
Recently molted adult that is not entirely hardened or fully colored
In crustacea, the hard covering of the thorax
An elevated ridge or keel
Any set of individuals in a colony that is morphologically distinct and specialized in behavior
in spiders and other other arachnids, the body region consisting of the head and thoracic segments
a pair of appendages at the tip of the abdomen, usually slender and segmented
A major element in the mouth[arts of spiders and related arthropods; in the form of fangs, pincers, or piercing organs
a colorless nitrogenous polysaccharide occurring in the cuticle of arthropods
the outer shell or covering of an insect egg
thickening gradually toward the tip
the common chamber into which the anus and the gonopore open; rectum
the part of the insect head that attaches posteriorly to the upper lip (labrum)
a row of hairs or bristles on the head of fleas
the chamber initially excavated by termite reproductives in which copulation occurs
the thickened front vein or margin of an insects wing
the basal segment of the insect's leg, by which it is articulated to the body
curved spines or hooks on the underside of the prolegs of caterpillars
second stage larva of the tapeworm Dipylidium which is infective to the dog or car upon ingestion
causing the disintegration of cells
An individual that has shed its wings
the minimum temperature required for development
At any stage in the life cycle, a physiological state of arrested development and reduced metabolic rate, during which growth and differentiation cease; a period of dormancy
the central upper surface of any part; the central area of a wing
the part of a segment or appendage farthest from the body
Active during the daytime
Molting; the process of shedding the exoskeleton
Emergence of the adult from the pupa; hatching of the larva from the egg
a parasite that lives on the outside of its host
the two thickened, hardened, or leathery forewings of beetles and earwigs
a parasitic organism that lives inside its host
the cast skin of larvae or nymphs at metamorphosis
Threadlike; slender and of equal diameter
In social insects the multiplication of colonies by the departure from the parental nest of one or more reproductive forms, accompanied by groups of workers, leaving behind comparable individuals to perpetuate the parental nest. The same as colony budding.
In termites, the opening of the frontal pore on the surface of the head
solid excrement and/or wood fibers
A long, narrow passage in wood chewed by a tunneling insect
in ants and wasps, the rounded part of the abdomen that is great of the nodelike segment(s)
the cheek, the part of the head on each side below the eyes, extending to the gular suture
In fleas, a row of strong spines borne on the lateroventral border of the head
the joint between demure and tibia; the knee
the external opening of the reproductive organs
occurring in aggregations or groups
the female or queen ant or wasp
causing a discharge of blood from a ruptured vessel
a small knobbed structure, representing the hind wing, on each side of the metathorax of true flies (Diptera).
the combined sclerites of the head that form a hard, compact case
the front wing of Hemiptera, the basal half of which is thickened and the rear is membranous.
Undergoing development that is gradual and lacks a sharp separation into larval, pupal, and adult stages (larval stages [nymphs] are often similar to adults in appearance and feeding behavior). Undergoing simple, incomplete metamorphosis.
Causing the dissolution of red blood corpuscles with liberation of their hemoglobin.
the posterior region of the digestive tract, between the midgut and the anus
Having complete transformation, with egg, larval, pupal, and adult stages distinctly separated. Undergoing complete metamorphosis
transparent or partly so
in ticks, a dartlike structure arising from the median ventral surface of the false head (basis capital)
feeding on insects
Long- or large- winged
Mouthparts formed for chewing and grinding
The hind or second set of jaws behind the mandibles
the leaf substance lying between the upper and lower epidermis
The sclerites along the side of the mesothorax
The third or posterior segment of the thorax
having only one form
Relating to form and structure as opposed to function
the science of form or structure
Having more than one generation in a year or season
Disease or injury caused be the invasion of fly (Diptera) larvae
In termites, a reproductive that retains some juvenile characteristics
in social insects, the mating or pairing flight of the winged males and females
A simple eye, consisting of a single beadlike lens, occurring singly or in small groups
The covering case containing the egg mass as a whole
A jointed sensory appendage of the mouth
An arthropod that parasitizes and kills an arthropod host; parasitic in the immature stages but free-living as an adult
Reproduction by direct growth of egg cells without fertilization by the male
A disease-causing organism
In ants, the waist, which, which is made up of either one segment (the petiole) or two segments ( the petiole and the postetiole
In Chelicerata, the second pair of wing appendages in the cephalothorax, used in crushing prey
Next to the last
pertaining to cockroach species that commonly occur around the periphery of structures and disturbed outdoor sites
Relating to the outer margin
In ants, the first segment of the "waist" (pedicel).
Temporal and seasonal pattern of life-history events in plants and animals
Inner bark; food conducting tissue
The habit exhibited by insects of closing the entrances to nests or burrows with portions of the head
Feeding on plants
Toxic to some plants
Covered with hair
having many different forms or sizes
Eating many kinds of food.
the posterior or upper part of the clypeus when any line of demarcation exists
a transitional quiescent stage between the and of the larval period and the pupal period
In termites, an unpigmented, unsclerotized individual with a soldierlike head and morphology. The presoldier stage is a separate instar, from which individuals molt into soldiers
In termites, the colony founding male or female derived form the winged adult
any extended, beaklike mouth structure
Pertaining to the hindgut (proctodaeum).
Fleshy, unsegmented abdominal walking appendage of some insect larva
The upper or dorsal surface of the prothorax
the first, or anterior, of the three segments of the thorax that bears the first pair of legs, but no wings.
In termites, a nonreproductive, nonsoldier individual that diverges from the imaginal (adult) line at a relatively late instar through a regressive or a stationary molt.
Short, fine, soft hairs or setae
Set with small puncturelike impressions
In higher Diptera, the thickened, hardened, barrel-like skin, in which the pupa is formed.
Pertaining to the banks of a river, lake, or other body of water
a beak or snout
The softer part of the wood between the bark and the central heartwood
A flat, unicellular outgrowth of the insect body wall, of various shapes
The basal segment of an antenna
A hardened body wall plate bounded by sutures or membranous areas
Hardened. Pertaining to portions of the insect integument that are hardened in definite area by formation of substances other than chitin.
Attached or fastened; not free to move about
A bristle; a slender, hairlike appendage.
Living outer layers of wood, usually light in color
The saclike structure in the arthropod female in which sperm from the male are received and often stored
a breathing pore located alongtheu side of the insect body
a movable spine
The ventral plate of an abdominal segment
The entire ventral division of any segment; the underside of the insect thorax
A spiracle or breathing pore
Pertaining to the foregut.
A groover depressed line
One of the piercing structures in piercing-sucking mouthparts
A substance that reduces the interfacial tension of two boundaries
The claw, usually paired, found on the end of the last tarsal segment
The insect foot; the outermost jointed division of the insect's leg that consists of from one to five segments.
A taxonomic category, such as phylum, class, order, family, genus, species.
Forms deemed to be discrete because of a consensus of structural (morphological) characters
The science of classification into categories of varying rank, based on similarities and differences, and the describing and naming of these categories.
In cockroaches, the thickened or leathery front wing.
the upper (dorsal) part of the body segment
In insects, the fourth division of the leg articulated at the proximal end nearest the body to the femur and the distal end to the tarsus
Across; at right angles to the longitudinal axis
The mutual exchange of nourishment, one insect with another
the respiratory horn or tube of the mosquito pupa
Cut off squarely at the tip
Having one generation in a year or season
Fixed or mobile processes on the last segment of certain beetle larvae
the underside of the abdomen
Small of degenerate; the remains of a previously functional part
Bearing live young
The underdeveloped wings of nymphs of hemimetabolous insects (e.g. Hemiptera), which show behind the thorax as two lateral, flat structures.
Adapted to an extremely dry habitat