Glossary of Word Parts (Medical Terminology to English) Flashcards Preview

medical terminology > Glossary of Word Parts (Medical Terminology to English) > Flashcards

Flashcards in Glossary of Word Parts (Medical Terminology to English) Deck (350):
0

a-, an-

no, not

1

ab-

away from

2

abdomin/o

abdomen; see also lapar/o

3

-ac

pertaining to

4

ad-

toward

5

aden/o

gland

6

adenoid/o

adenoids

7

adren/o

adrenal gland

8

-al

pertaining to

9

-algia

pain; see also -dynia

10

alveol/o

alveolus (air sac within the lung)

11

amni/o

amnion (sac that surrounds the embryo)

12

-an

pertaining to

13

ana-

up, apart

14

an/o

anus

15

angi/o

vessel (blood)

16

ante-

before, forward

17

anter/o

front

18

anti-

against

19

aort/o

aorta

20

append/o, appendic/o

appendix

21

-ar

pertaining to

22

arteri/o

artery

23

arteriol/o

small artery

24

arthr/o

joint

25

-ary

pertaining to

26

ather/o

fatty plaque

27

-ation

process, condition

28

aur/o

ear; see also ot/o

29

aut-

self

30

axill/o

armpit

31

balan/o

penis

32

bari/o

weight

33

bi-

two

34

bi/o

life

35

blephar/o

eyelid

36

brady-

slow

37

bronch/o

bronchial tube

38

bronchiol/o

small bronchial tube

39

calcane/o

calcaneus (heel bone)

40

capillar/o

capillary

41

carcin/o

cancer, cancerous

42

cardi/o

heart

43

carp/o

wrist bones (carpals)

44

-cele

hernia

45

-centesis

surgical puncture to remove fluid

46

cephal/o

head

47

cerebell/o

cerebellum (posterior part of the brain)

48

cerebr/o

cerebrum (largest part of the brain)

49

cervic/o

neck

50

chem/o

drug, chemical

51

cholecyst/o

gallbladder

52

choledoch/o

common bile duct

53

chrondr/o

cartilage

54

chron/o

time

55

-cision

process of cutting

56

cis/o

to cut

57

clavicul/o

clavicle (collarbone)

58

-coccus

bacterium (berry-shaped); plural: -cocci

59

coccyg/o

tailbone

60

col/o

colon (large intestine)

61

colon/o

colon

62

colp/o

vagina

63

comi/o

to care fore

64

con-

with, together

65

coni/o

dust

66

-coniosis

abnormal condition of dust

67

coron/o

heart

68

cost/o

rib

69

crani/o

skull

70

crin/o

secrete

71

-crine

secretion

72

-crit

separation

73

cry/o

cold

74

cutane/o

skin

75

cyan/o

blue

76

cyst/o

urinary bladder

77

-cyte

cell

78

cyt/o

cell

79

dactyl/o

fingers or toes

80

dent/i

tooth

81

dermato/o, derm/o

skin

82

dia-

thorough, complete

83

-dipsia

thirst

84

duoden/o

duodenum

85

dur/o

dura mater (outermost meningeal layer)

86

-dynia

pain

87

dys-

abnormal, bad, difficult, painful

88

-eal

pertaining to

89

ec-

out, outside

90

-ectasia, -ectasis

dilation, stretching, widening

91

ecto-

out, outside

92

-ectomy

excision (resection, removal); process of cutting out

93

electr/o

electricity

94

-emesis

vomitting

95

-emia

blood condition

96

en-

in, inner, within

97

encephal/o

brain

98

endo-

within, in, inner

99

endocrin/o

endocrine glands

100

endometr/o, endometri/o

endometrium (inner lining of the uterus)

101

enter/o

intestines (usually small intestine)

102

epi-

above, upon

103

epiglott/o

epiglottis

104

epitheli/o

skin (surface tissue)

105

erythr/o

red

106

esophag/o

esophagus

107

esthesi/o

sensation

108

ex-, exo-, extra-

out, outside

109

femor/o

femur, thigh bone

110

fibr/o

fibrous tissue

111

fibul/o

fibula (smaller lower leg bone)

112

gastr/o

stomach

113

gen/o

to produce

114

-gen

production, formation

115

-genesis

producing, formation

116

-genic

pertaining to producing, produced by

117

ger/o

old age

118

-globin

protein

119

glyc/o

sugar

120

gnos/o

knowledge

121

-gram

record

122

-graph

instrument to record

123

-graphy

process of recording, to record

124

gynec/o

woman, female

125

hemat/o, hem/o

blood

126

hepat/o

liver

127

humer/o

humerus (upper arm bone)

128

hydr/o

water

129

hyper-

above, excessive, more than normal, too much

130

hypo-

below, deficient, less than normal, too little

131

hypophys/o

pituitary gland

132

hyster/o

uterus

133

-ia

condition

134

-ian

practitioner

135

iatr/o

treatment

136

-ic, -ical

pertaining to

137

ile/o

ileum (third part of small intestine)

138

ili/o

ilium (upper part of hip bone)

139

in-

in, into

140

-ine

pertaining to

141

infra-

below

142

inguin/o

groin

143

inter-

between

144

intra-

within

145

-ior

pertaining to

146

isch/o

to hold back

147

-ism

condition, process

148

-ist

specialist

149

-itis

inflammation

150

jejun/o

jejunum

151

lapar/o

abdomen

152

-lapse

slide

153

laryng/o

larynx (voice box)

154

later/o

side

155

ligament/o

ligament

156

leiomy/o

smooth muscle

157

leuk/o

white

158

lip/o

fat

159

-listhesis

sliding

160

lith/o

stone

161

-lith

stone

162

-logist

one who specializes in study of

163

-logy

process of study, study of

164

lumb/o

loin, waist region

165

lymph/o

lymph

166

lymphaden/o

lymph nodes

167

lymphangi/o

lymph vessel

168

lys/o

breakdown, destruction, separation

169

-lysis

breakdown, destruction, separation

170

mal-

bad

171

-malacia

softening

172

mamm/o

breast

173

mast/o

breast

174

mediastin/o

mediastinum

175

medull/o

medulla oblongata (lower part of the brain)

176

-megaly

enlargement

177

men/o

menstruation

178

mening/o

meninges (membranes covering brain and spinal cord)

179

meta-

beyond, change

180

metacarp/o

metacarpals (hand bones)

181

metatars/o

metatarsals (foot bones)

182

-meter

measure

183

metr/o, metri/o

uterus; to measure

184

-metry

measurement

185

-mortem

death

186

-motor

movement

187

muscul/o

muscle

188

my/o

muscle

189

myel/o (with -blast, -cyte, -genous, -oma)

bone marrow (with -blast, -cyte, -genous, -oma)

190

myel/o (with -cele, -gram, it is)

spinal cord (with -cele, -gram, it is)

191

myos/o

muscle

192

myring/o

eardrum

193

nas/o

nose

194

nat/i

birth

195

necr/o

death

196

neo-

new

197

nephr/o

kidney

198

neur/o

nerve

199

norm/o

rule, order

200

nos/o

disease

201

obstetr/o

midwife

202

ocul/o

eye

203

odont/o

tooth

204

-oid

pertaining to, resembling

205

-oma

tumor, mass, swelling

206

onc/o

tumor

207

onycho/o

nail

208

o/o

egg

209

oophor/o

ovary

210

ophthalm/o

eye

211

-opsy

process of viewing

212

opt/o, optic/o

eye

213

or/o

mouth

214

orch/o

testicle, testis

215

orchi/o

testicle, testis

216

orchid/o

testicle, testis

217

orth/o

straight

218

-osis

abnormal condition

219

osm/o

smell

220

oste/o

bone

221

ot/o

ear

222

-ous

pertaining to

223

ovari/o

ovary

224

pancreat/o

pancreas

225

para-

along the side of, beside, near

226

parathyroid/o

parathyroid gland

227

-partum

birth

228

path/o

disease

229

-pathy

disease condition

230

ped/o

child

231

pelv/o

hip bone

232

-penia

deficiency

233

per-

through

234

peri-

surrounding

235

peritone/o

peritoneum (membrane around abdominal organs)

236

perone/o

fibula

237

-pexy

fixation (surgical)

238

phak/o

lens of the eye

239

phalang/o

phalanges (finger and toe bones)

240

pharyng/o

pharynx, throat

241

-phasia

speech

242

-philia

attraction to

243

phleb/o

vein

244

phren/o

diaphragm

245

phren/o

mind

246

pituitar/o

pituitary gland

247

plas/o

development, formation, growth

248

-plasm

development, formation, growth

249

-plasia

formation, growth

250

-plasty

surgical repair

251

-plegia

paralysis

252

pleur/o

pleura (membranes surrounding the lungs)

253

-pnea

breathing

254

pneum/o

air, lung

255

pneumon/o

lung

256

-poiesis

formation

257

poly-

many, much

258

post-

after, behind

259

poster/o

back, behind

260

pre-

before

261

pro-, pros-

before, forward

262

prosth/o

artificial replacement

263

proct/o

anus and rectum

264

prostat/o

prostate gland

265

psych/o

mind

266

-ptosis

prolapse, sagging

267

-ptysis

spitting

268

pulmon/o

lung

269

pyel/o

renal pelvis (central section of kidney)

270

radi/o

x-ray; radius (lateral lower arm bone)

271

re-, retro-

behind, back

272

rect/o

rectum

273

ren/o

kidney

274

retin/o

retina of the eye

275

rhabdomy/o

striated (skeletal) muscle

276

rheumat/o

flow, fluid

277

rhin/o

nose

278

-rrhage

excess flow of blood

279

-rrhagia

excess flow of blood

280

-rrhaphy

suture

281

-rrhea

discharge, flow

282

sacr/o

sacrum

283

salping/o

fallopian (uterine) tube; eustachian tube

284

-salpinx

fallopian (uterine) tube; eustachian tube

285

sarc/o

flesh

286

scapul/o

shoulder blade (bone)

287

-sclerosis

hardening

288

-scope

instrument to view or visually examine

289

-scopy

process of visual examination

290

scrot/o

scrotal sac, scrotum

291

-section

process of cutting into

292

sept/o

infection

293

septic/o

infection

294

-sis

condition

295

-somatic

pertaining to the body

296

son/o

sound

297

-spasm

constriction

298

spin/o

backbone, spine, vertebra

299

splen/o

spleen

300

spondyl/o

backbone, vertebra

301

-stasis

control, stop; place, to stand

302

-stat

stop, control

303

-stenosis

narrowing

304

stern/o

sternum (breastbone)

305

stomat/o

mouth

306

-stomy

opening

307

sub-

below, under

308

supra-

above

309

sym-

with, together (use before b, p, and m)

310

syn-

with, together

311

tachy-

fast

312

tendin/o, ten/o

tendon

313

-tension

pressure

314

theli/o, thel/o

nipple

315

-therapy

treatment

316

-thesis

put, place

317

thorac/o

chest

318

thromb/o

clot

319

thym/o

thymus gland

320

thyr/o, thyroid/o, thyroaden/o

thyroid gland

321

tibi/o

tibia or shin bone (larger lower leg bone)

322

-tic

pertaining to

323

-tomy

incision, process of cutting into

324

tonsill/o

tonsils

325

top/o

to put, place

326

trache/o

trachea, windpipe

327

trans-

across, through

328

tri-

three

329

troph/o

development, nourishment

330

-trophy

development, nourishment

331

tympan/o

eardrum

332

uln/o

ulna (medial lower arm bone)

333

ultra-

beyond

334

-um

structure

335

ungu/o

nail

336

uni-

one

337

ureter/o

ureter

338

urethr/o

urethra

339

ur/o

urine, urinary tract

340

-uria

urine condition

341

uter/o

uterus

342

vagin/o

vagina

343

vas/o

vas deferens, vessel

344

vascul/o

blood vessel

345

ven/o

vein

346

venul/o

venule

347

vertebr/o

backbone, vertebra

348

vesic/o

urinary bladder

349

-y

condition, process