Gluteal Region and Hip Joint Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Gluteal Region and Hip Joint Deck (50)
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1

Innominate Medial View

2

Innominate Lateral View

3

Greater and Lesser sciatic foramina

4

Angles of the Femur

5

Proximal Femur (anterior)

6

Proximal Femur (posterior)

7

Muscles of Gluteal Region

Lateral Rotators of Hip (5)

Gluteus maximus (extensor)

 Piriformis

Obturator internus

Gemelli

Quadratus Femoris

8

Muscles of Gluteal Region

Medial Rotators and Abductors of the Hip (2)

Gluteus Medius

Gluteus Minimus

9

Muscles of Gluteal Region

Support

Tensor fasciae latae

10

Gluteus Maximus

Attachments

Sacrum, S/T ligament and ilium behind posterior gluteal line to the ilitibial tract (3/4) and gluteal tuberosity of femur (1/4)

11

Gluteus Maximus

Function

Extends hip and assists lateral rotation

12

Gluteus Maximus

Innervation

Inferior gluteal nerve (L5, S1, S2)

13

Tensor Fasciae Latae

Attachments

Anterior iliac crest and ASIS to the iliotibial tract

14

Tensor Fasciae Latae

Function

Tenses fasciae latae and iliotibial tract, and supports the femur on the tibia during standing

15

Tensor Fasciae Latae

Innervation

Superior Gluteal nerve (L4, L5, S1)

16

Gluteus Medius

Attachments

Ilium between posterior and anterior gluteal lines to the greater trochanter of the femur (lateral surface)

17

Gluteus Medius

Function

Abducts and medially rotates hip

18

Gluteus Medius

Innervation

Superior gluteal nerve (L4, L5, S1)

19

Gluteus Minimus

Attachments

Ilium between anterior and inferior gluteal lines to the greater trochanter of the femur (anterior surface)

20

Gluteus Minimus

Function

Abducts and medially rotates hip

21

Gluteus Minimus

Innervation

Superior gluteal nerve (L4, L5, S1)

22

Piriformis

Attachments

Anterior Sacrum and S/T ligament to the greater trochanter of the femur (superior border)

Passes through the greater sciatic foramen

23

Piriformis

Function

Laterally rotates hip

24

Piriformis

Innervation

Nerve to Piriformis (Anterior rami of L5, S1, S2)

25

Obturator Internus

Attachments

Pelvic surface of obturator membrane and surrounding bones to the medial side of the greater trochanter (trochanteric fossa)

Passes through the lesser sciatic foramen

26

Obturator Internus

Function

Laterally rotates hip

27

Obturator Internus

Innervation

Nerve to obturator internus (L5, S1)

28

Gemelli

Attachments (Superior and Inferior)

Superior: Ischial Spine

Inferior: Iscial Tuberosity

Both blend with the tendon of Obturator Internus

29

Gemelli

Function

Laterally rotate hip

30

Gemelli

Innervation (Superior and Inferior)

Superior: Nerve to obturator internus

Inferior: Nerve to quadratus femoris