Gluteal Region and Hip Joint Flashcards Preview

Gross Anatomy 2 > Gluteal Region and Hip Joint > Flashcards

Flashcards in Gluteal Region and Hip Joint Deck (50):
1

Innominate Medial View

2

Innominate Lateral View

3

Greater and Lesser sciatic foramina

4

Angles of the Femur

5

Proximal Femur (anterior)

6

Proximal Femur (posterior)

7

Muscles of Gluteal Region

Lateral Rotators of Hip (5)

Gluteus maximus (extensor)

 Piriformis

Obturator internus

Gemelli

Quadratus Femoris

8

Muscles of Gluteal Region

Medial Rotators and Abductors of the Hip (2)

Gluteus Medius

Gluteus Minimus

9

Muscles of Gluteal Region

Support

Tensor fasciae latae

10

Gluteus Maximus

Attachments

Sacrum, S/T ligament and ilium behind posterior gluteal line to the ilitibial tract (3/4) and gluteal tuberosity of femur (1/4)

11

Gluteus Maximus

Function

Extends hip and assists lateral rotation

12

Gluteus Maximus

Innervation

Inferior gluteal nerve (L5, S1, S2)

13

Tensor Fasciae Latae

Attachments

Anterior iliac crest and ASIS to the iliotibial tract

14

Tensor Fasciae Latae

Function

Tenses fasciae latae and iliotibial tract, and supports the femur on the tibia during standing

15

Tensor Fasciae Latae

Innervation

Superior Gluteal nerve (L4, L5, S1)

16

Gluteus Medius

Attachments

Ilium between posterior and anterior gluteal lines to the greater trochanter of the femur (lateral surface)

17

Gluteus Medius

Function

Abducts and medially rotates hip

18

Gluteus Medius

Innervation

Superior gluteal nerve (L4, L5, S1)

19

Gluteus Minimus

Attachments

Ilium between anterior and inferior gluteal lines to the greater trochanter of the femur (anterior surface)

20

Gluteus Minimus

Function

Abducts and medially rotates hip

21

Gluteus Minimus

Innervation

Superior gluteal nerve (L4, L5, S1)

22

Piriformis

Attachments

Anterior Sacrum and S/T ligament to the greater trochanter of the femur (superior border)

Passes through the greater sciatic foramen

23

Piriformis

Function

Laterally rotates hip

24

Piriformis

Innervation

Nerve to Piriformis (Anterior rami of L5, S1, S2)

25

Obturator Internus

Attachments

Pelvic surface of obturator membrane and surrounding bones to the medial side of the greater trochanter (trochanteric fossa)

Passes through the lesser sciatic foramen

26

Obturator Internus

Function

Laterally rotates hip

27

Obturator Internus

Innervation

Nerve to obturator internus (L5, S1)

28

Gemelli

Attachments (Superior and Inferior)

Superior: Ischial Spine

Inferior: Iscial Tuberosity

Both blend with the tendon of Obturator Internus

29

Gemelli

Function

Laterally rotate hip

30

Gemelli

Innervation (Superior and Inferior)

Superior: Nerve to obturator internus

Inferior: Nerve to quadratus femoris

31

Quadratus Femoris

Attachments

Ischial tuberosity to the quadrate tubercle on the intertrochanteric crest of the femur

32

Quadratus Femoris

Function

Laterally rotates hip

33

Quadratus Femoris

Innervation

Nerve to quadratus femoris (L5, S1)

34

Obturator Externus

Attachments

Outer surface of obturator membrane to the trochanteric fossa

35

Obturator Externus

Function

Laterally rotates hip

36

Obturator Externus

Innervation

Obturator nerve (L3, L4)

37

Sciatic Nerve

Tibial Branch

Always leaves below piriformis

38

Sciatic Nerve

Common Peroneal Branch

May leave below, above, or through piriformis

39

Sciatic Nerve

Root Value

L4, 5, S1, 2, 3

40

Gluteal Vessels and nerve

Superior gluteal artery and nerve, and inferior gluteal artery and nerve

41

Posterior Cutaenous Nerve of Thigh

Location and Root Value

Lies on posterior aspect of sciatic nerve (S1,2,3). 

Inferior Clunial nerves to skin of inferior half of buttock

42

Cutaneous Neves in the Gluteal and Posterior Thigh

43

Hip Joint Articular Surfaces

44

Iliofemoral Ligament

Attachments

AIIS to the intertrochanteric line

Upper and lower bands

45

Iliofemoral Ligament

Limits (4)

Extension

Lateral rotation

Adduction (upper)

Abduction (lower)

46

Pubofemoral Ligament

Attachments

Iliopubic eminence to the lower part of the intertrochanteric line

47

Pubofemoral Ligament

Limits (3)

Extension

Lateral rotation

Abduction

48

Ischiofemoral Ligament

Attachments

Posterior aspect of the acetabulum to the greater trochanter

49

Ischiofemoral Ligament

Limits

Extension

Medial rotation

Adduction

50

Blood supply of the hip joint