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Flashcards in Gods and Mortals Deck (23)
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1

A greek hero was someone whose _______ was highly respected and given _________________

Tomb
Sacrificial offerings

2

It was thought that even in death ________ could influence the world and had to be _________________________

Heroes
Won over to their side via gifts

3

Olympic gods lived in the ___________ and so offerings were _______________

Sky on olympus
Burnt to give smoke

4

Cthonian deities lived in the ________ and so offerings were often _________ known as ________

Ground
Liquid known as Libations

5

The most famous cthonian deity is known as _______, _______ or Dis. He is ____ brother

Hades/Pluto
Zeus' brother

6

Hades/Pluto is also know as _______ which means wealthy. Wealth refers to the _____ and _________ which come out of the ground. This is why he is often depicted with a ________ (horn of plenty)

Pluton
Crops and metallic ore
Cornucopia

7

In Homer, Hades is said to treat all residents ___________, ________ of their crime

Same way, Regardless of their crime

8

Tantalus' punishment was to be surrounded by untouchable _____ whilst being immensely ______.

Food
Hungry

9

Tityus tried to _________, Zeus' lover. As punishment in Hades, he had to ____________________________.

Rape Leto
Roll a stone up a hill but it would keep rolling back down because it was too heavy

10

Furies, also known as _______, were cthonian deities of _______

Erinyes
Vengence

11

Summarise whose Herakles was and give his Roman name.

AKA Hercules
Son of Zeus and mortal Alcmene
Hated by Hera
Killed his wife Megara and kids due to Hera's madness
12 labors

12

Whilst in the cradle _____ set 2 ______ on Herakles

Hera
Snakes

13

After killing Megara, who was the daughter of _________, he was made to do ____________ for ________ of Argos.

The King of Thebes
12 labors
Eurystheus

14

How did Herakles slay the Nemean lion?

He strangled it and then skinned it with it's own claws
It's skin became it's standard clothing

15

How did Herakles defeat the Cerynean hind?

The hind was fast and had horns of gold
He chased it for a year until it collapsed from exhaustion

16

How did Herakles obtain the Apples of Hesperides?

- He got Atlas to go get them whilst he held up the sky with the help of Athena
- When Atlas return Herakles asked him to hold the sky while he adjusted his back pad
- He instead snatched the apples and left atlas to hold up the sky

17

How did Herakles obtain the girdle of the Amazon Hyppolyte?

He killed her

18

Metopes are found on _______ in between ______

Temples
Triglyphs

19

What was Herakles 13th "labour"?

Had to take 50 women's virginity

20

Who did Herakles marry the second time?

Deianeira

21

What happened when the Centaur Nessus tried to rape Deianeira?

Herakles killed him
As he died Nessus told her to dip a robe in his blood and put it on Herakles if he was every unfaithful

22

Explain the circumstances of Herakles death.

- Herakles defeated another town and took a beautiful woman as plunder
- Deianeira put the robe from Nessus on Herakles thinking it would restore his love for her
- Robe became tight and agonisingly firey
- Herakles asked to be burnt to relieve him of the pain
- Gods recognised his achievements and transported him in a chariot to become one of them

23

What were Herakles' 12 labours?

1 - Kills Nemean lion
2 - Kills Hydra
3 - The Hind of Ceryneia (Had to bring it to Eurystheus)
3 - The Erymanthean Boar (Had to bring it to Eurystheus)
5 - Had to clean the Augean Stables
6 - Drive off the Stymphalian Birds
7 - The Cretan Bull (Had to bring it to Eurystheus)
8 - The Man-eating Horses of Diomedes (Had to bring it to Eurystheus)
9 - The Belt of Amazon Hippolyte (Had to bring it to Eurystheus)
10 - Geryon's Cattle (Had to bring it to Eurystheus)
11 - The Apples of the Hesperides (Had to bring it to Eurystheus)
12 - Cerberus (Had to bring it to Eurystheus)