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Flashcards in Government Deck (19):
1

The Structure of Canada's Federal Government

Head of State
Governor General

Branch: Legislative
- House of Commons
- Senate

Branch: Executive
- Prime Minister
- House of Commons
- Public Servants

Branch: Judicial
- Supreme Court of Canada
- Appeal Court
- Supreme Court of B.C.

2

Extreme Right and Left Wing Thinking

Extreme Right Wing Thinking: Focus on tradition



Extreme Left Wing Thinking: All about people

3

Communist Economic System

- based on community ownership of all property and the means of production based on the community ownership

- individuals and companies are not allowed to pursue business in any way.

4

Capital Economic System

- individuals or companies are free to compete with each other to produce goods and services for profit

- Government does not interfere much in the economy

- market determines prices and individuals are free to buy and sell anything they want

5

Who Can Vote?

Canadian Citizens 18 years and older.

6

Charter of Rights and Freedoms

Fundamental Freedoms:
- religion
- belief
- peaceful assembly/association

Democratic Rights:
- vote
- run for office
- hold elections every 5 years

Mobility Rights:
- leave/enter Canada
- live in any province
- work in any province

Legal Rights:
- life/liberty/security
- a lawyer
- security against unreasonable searching
- arrest/detention

Equality Rights:
- equal protection
- equal benefit
- no discrimination

Official Language Rights:
- everything has to be in English and French

7

Qualifications of a Senator

- at least 30 years of age
- Canadian Citizen
- owns land in their province

8

Purpose of the Senate

- to review/pass bills from the House of Commons

9

Government

Majority Government: a party with over half the seats

Minority Government: a party with less then half the seats

Coalition Government: a Cabinet of Parliamentary Government in which multiple parties cooperate, reducing the dominance of any one party within that coalition

10

Proportional Representation

An electoral system in which parties gain seats in proportion to the number of votes cast for them

11

Preferential Ballot

A system of voting where the voter indicates his order of preference for each of the candidates listed on the ballot

12

Canadian Legal System Terms

Common Law: a tradition with a basis for constitutional, criminal and civil law in all of the provinces and territories in Canada except Quebec

Civil Code: a collection of laws which deal with the core areas of private law such as business

Statutory Law: a law usually enacted by a legislative body

13

Type of democracy that Canada has

Representative

14

Type of monarchy in Canada

Constitutional

15

Three levels of Canadian government

Federal, provincial, and municipal

16

Who prepares the voters list

Election commissioner

17

Who are judges appointed by

Politicians

18

Requirement for judges of the Supreme Court of Canada

3/9 judges must be from Quebec

19

British Columbia's legal system

Supreme Court of Canada, Appeal Court, Supreme Court of British Columbia

Provincial court: trial, family, youth, small claims - 1 judge