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Flashcards in GPHT LAB - Terms Deck (55):
1

study of abnormal human or animal tissues

histopathology

2

deals with the preparation of animal and human tissues thin enough for microscopic studies

histopathologic techniques

3

entails the microscopical examination and interpretation of cells that are shed spontaneously from epithelial surface or by physical means

exfoliative cytology

4

branch of general pathology concerned with the detection of cancer and various other pathologic conditions in man through microscopic examination of body fluids and secretions

exfoliative cytology

5

Cutting of cells from a living (specimen) person

biopsy

6

any piece of tissues or organ removed from operation for diagnosis

biopsy

7

types of biopsy (3)

surgical or section biopsy
aspiration or needle biopsy
exfoliative biopsy

8

types of biopsy
Obtaining surgical sections of tissues for histological diagnosis

surgical or section biopsy

9

types of surgical or section biopsy (2)

Routine paraffin (or Celloidin) method
Rush frozen section technique

10

consists of the aspiration of cells or particles from tumors for histological diagnosis especially from lumps under the skin like those of breast and neck

aspiration or needle biopsy

11

aspiration or needle biopsy consists of the aspiration of cells or particles from tumors for histological diagnosis especially from ___ under the skin like those of ___ and ___

lumps
breast and neck

12

examination of fluids from exudates or transudates from serous cavities (such as pleura, peritoneum, sputum) and urine or bronchial washings

exfoliative biopsy

13

classification of biopsy specimens (5)

external growth
surgical growth
endoscopic growth
puncture
aspiration
autopsy
death

14

classification of biopsy specimens
growth removed from the external surface of the body such as a mole

external growth

15

example of an external growth

mole

16

classification of biopsy specimens
an organ or part of the organ removed from within the human body through an incision such as the appendix, tumors of the stomach, or kidney

surgical growth

17

classification of biopsy specimens
surgical growth an organ or part of the organ removed from within the human body through an ____

incision

18

example of surgical growth

appendix, tumors of the stomach, kidney

19

classification of biopsy specimens
growth removed from within the body by insertion of the instrument through a natural opening such as rectal polyp

endoscopic growth

20

example of endoscopic growth

rectal polyp

21

classification of biopsy specimens
endoscopic growth - growth removed from within the body by ________ through a natural opening such as rectal polyp

insertion of the instrument

22

classification of biopsy specimens
bone marrow sample taken from the puncture into the sternum

puncture

23

from which part of the body is the puncture sx taken

sternum

24

puncture - a ____ sample taken from the puncture into the sternum

bone marrow

25

classification of biopsy specimens
removal of the fluid or soft tissue from the body by insertion of an instrument such as the Vimsivermann's needle and the subsequent withdrawal of the material for examination

aspiration

26

aspiration is the removal of what from the body by insertion of an instrument

fluid or soft tissue

27

example of instrument used in aspiration

Vimsivermann's needle

28

classification of biopsy specimens
post-mortem examination of dead bodies to determine the cause of death

autopsy

29

classification of biopsy specimens
why are autopsies done

to determine the cause of death

30

classification of biopsy specimens
cessation of the 3 vital functions of the body

death

31

what are the 3 vital functions of the body

respiratory
circulatory
nervous

32

Signs of death (6)

algor mortis
livor mortis
rigor mortis
post-mortem clotting
post-mortem decomposition (putrefaction)
autolysis

33

signs of death
cooling or lowering of the body temperature after death to equalize that of the environment

algor mortis

34

body temperature equalized that of the surrounding medium in ___ hours after death

16 to 40 hrs

35

post-mortem lividity another term

livor mortis

36

signs of death
purplish discoloration of the skin over dependent parts of the body due to congestion and dilation of veins and capillaries into which blood is driven by contraction of the arteries as well as the diffusion of liberated hemoglobin into the surrounding tissue

livor mortis

37

another term for rigor mortis

post-mortem rigidity

38

signs of death
stiffness of the skeletal muscle appearing within 6 hrs after death

rigor mortis

39

rigor mortis - stiffness of the ___ appearing within 6 hrs after death

skeletal muscle

40

stiffness of the skeletal muscle appearing within how many hrs after death

6

41

cause of livor mortis

congestion and dilation of veins and capillaries

42

after death the blood will ____

clot

43

signs of death
after death the blood clots

post-mortem clotting

44

largest blood clots are formed at the ?

right auricle of the heart as well as in large veins

45

signs of death
formation of H2S and other aromatic gases that produce very offensive odor

post-mortem decomposition

46

another term for post-mortem decomposition

putrefaction

47

what gases are formed during post-mortem decomposition

H2S and other aromatic gases

48

all changes (signs of death) are brought about by the generalized invasion of the blood and tissue by ____

bacillus coli and other saprophytes

49

means self-destruction

autolysis

50

caused after death of cells by the action of intracellular enzymes whose normal behavior is altered, causing the breakdown of protein and eventual liquefaction of cells

autolysis

51

autolysis is caused by the action of ___

intracellular enzymes

52

exfoliative cytology is a branch of

general pathology

53

exfoliative cytology concerned w/ detection of

cancer

54

exfoliative biopsy is examination of fluids from __ or __

exudates or transudates

55

exfoliative biopsy is examination of fluids from exudates or transudates from ???

serous cavities such as pleura or peritoneum or sputum and urine or bronchial washings

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