Grade 1 Flashcards Preview

AMEB Theory > Grade 1 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Grade 1 Deck (57):
1

4/4 metre

- simple quadruple
- common time
- minim rest only be used the first or the second half of the bar

2

Perfect unison

- the intervallic relationship between two notes that are the same in pitch and register
- no interval more constant (more in agreement between two notes)

3

Root position

- root of a triad is in the lowest sounding part

4

Accelerando

- gradually getting faster

5

A tempo

- return to the original tempo

6

Ritardando

- gradual slowing of the tempo
- rit.
- ritard.

7

Rallentando

- gradual slowing of the tempo
- rall.

8

Ritenuto

- immediate slowing of the tempo
- riten.

9

Anacrusis

- incomplete bar at the beginning of a musical phrase

10

Major scale pattern

- T T S T T T S

11

Harmonic minor scale pattern

- T S T T S T1/2 S

12

Melodic minor scale pattern

- T S T T T T S
- T S T T S T T

13

Mezzo piano

- perform a passage moderately softly

14

Piano

- perform a passage softly

15

Tempo primo

- return to the original tempo

16

Slur

- indicate legato articulation
- a long slur indicates phrasing

17

Andante

- moderate walking pace

18

Moderato

- easy walking pace
- at a moderate pace

19

Adagio

- play at a slow leisurely pace
- slow and stately

20

Allegro

- fast and lively
- at a brisk pace

21

Largo

- broadly
- slow tempo

22

Presto

- very quickly
- very fast

23

Staccato

- short and detached

24

Slur

- indicate legato articulation
- played smooth and connected
- a long slur indicates phrasing

25

2/4

- simple duple

26

3/4

- simple triple

27

Allegretto

- moderately fast

28

Senza

- without

29

Fortissimo

- very loud

30

Pianissimo

- very soft

31

Dai segno

- from the sign

32

Poco

- a little

33

Maestoso

- majestic

34

Mezzo staccato

- moderately short and detached

35

Allargando

- becoming broader

36

Piu mosso

- quicker

37

Dal segno

- from the sign

38

Enharmonic pitches

- a note, interval, or key signature that is equivalent to some other note, interval, or key signature but spelled, or named differently.

39

Fermata

- to pause on the note

40

Cæsura

- short break in music flow

41

Syncopation

- shifting of the accent to a weak beat or an off-beat.

42

Sforzando

- with force
- sf

43

Sforzato

- with force
- sfz

44

Rinforzato

- with sudden force
- rfz

45

Rinforzando

- with sudden force
- rf

46

Tenuto

- the note should be held for its full value

47

Accent

- stress or emphasis of a beat

48

6/8

- compound duple

49

Vivace

- vivacious and lively

50

Allegro vivace

- very fast

51

Da capo

- from the beginning

52

Repeat signs

- repeat between the double bar lines

53

Al fine

- from the word 'fine'

54

Da capo al fine

- from beginning to word 'fine'

55

Da segno al fine

- from the sign to the word 'fine'

56

Fine

- indication of where a composition ends when there is a repeat of a section

57

Diminuendo

- a decrease in volume