Grade 5. Topic 17. Importance of South African fossils Flashcards Preview

GR 5 - Science & Technology > Grade 5. Topic 17. Importance of South African fossils > Flashcards

Flashcards in Grade 5. Topic 17. Importance of South African fossils Deck (23):
1

What is a fossil record?

Fossil record the fossils have been discovered in a place and the information about them, such as their age

2

What is a fossil site?

Fossil site is a place where fossils are found

3

What is the name for human fossils?

Hominid

4

How many fossil sites are there in South Africa?

There are over 30 fossil sites in south africa

5

Where in South Africa do we find lots of fossil plants?

Fossil plants grow in wet places Kwazulu Natal & Karoo

6

What important fossil animals have been found in South Africa?

Dinosaurs and the Coelacanth

7

What insect has not changed in almost 200 million years?

The cockroach

8

Name 3 kinds of fossil insects that have been found in the Free State, Eastern Cape, Gauteng and Lesotho

Dragonflies,
Cockroaches,
Crickets

9

The AFRICAN DINOSAURS related to what modern day animal?

The african dinosaur is related to the modern day animals lizard, crocodile and birds

10

Tell me about the LESOTHOSARAURUS

He was discovered in Lesotho.
Was the smallest dinasoaur, size of a chicken.

11

Tell me about the EUSKELOSAURUS

Lived in the Karoo
220 million years ago
4 - 9meters tall
Weighed 1800kilograms

12

Tell me about the AULACEPHALODON

Was a mammal fossil
Covered in fur
Lived 250million years ago
Size of a young hippopotamus
Found in the Eastern Cape & Lesotho

13

What fossils were found near Cape Town. ( Lagebaanweg) about 5 million years ago.?

Carnivorous bears
Sabre tooth cats
Short nek giraffe

14

What kind of animal was the COELACANTH

Fish

15

Describe a COELACANTH

LARGE Fish, with 4 leg like fins.

16

What happened on December 1938

We thought the Coelacanth was extinct about a hundred million years ago.
A fisherman caught a very strange fish in a net off East London on that date. It was a Coelacanth

17

Are there still Coelacanths living today?

Yes they are, living in the very deep waters off the coast of Kwazulu Natal

18

What is the area near Sterkfontein caves in Johannesburg called?

Cradle of humankind

19

Is the "Cradle of human kind" a world heritage site?

Yes

20

How old are some of the early Human bones found at Cradle of humankind?

5 million years

21

What did early human kind look like?

Ape-man
Smaller brains
Bigger teeth

22

Who is Mrs Ples?

Skull found in the Cradle of mankind. Thought it was women but later discovered it was a young boy

23

Who is Little Foot?

An almost complete ape-man skeleton.
Found in Cradle of mankind.
3 - 4 million years old.