Flashcards in Grade 5. Topic 17. Importance of South African fossils Deck (23):
What is a fossil record?
Fossil record the fossils have been discovered in a place and the information about them, such as their age
What is a fossil site?
Fossil site is a place where fossils are found
What is the name for human fossils?
How many fossil sites are there in South Africa?
There are over 30 fossil sites in south africa
Where in South Africa do we find lots of fossil plants?
Fossil plants grow in wet places Kwazulu Natal & Karoo
What important fossil animals have been found in South Africa?
Dinosaurs and the Coelacanth
What insect has not changed in almost 200 million years?
Name 3 kinds of fossil insects that have been found in the Free State, Eastern Cape, Gauteng and Lesotho
The AFRICAN DINOSAURS related to what modern day animal?
The african dinosaur is related to the modern day animals lizard, crocodile and birds
Tell me about the LESOTHOSARAURUS
He was discovered in Lesotho.
Was the smallest dinasoaur, size of a chicken.
Tell me about the EUSKELOSAURUS
Lived in the Karoo
220 million years ago
4 - 9meters tall
Tell me about the AULACEPHALODON
Was a mammal fossil
Covered in fur
Lived 250million years ago
Size of a young hippopotamus
Found in the Eastern Cape & Lesotho
What fossils were found near Cape Town. ( Lagebaanweg) about 5 million years ago.?
Sabre tooth cats
Short nek giraffe
What kind of animal was the COELACANTH
Describe a COELACANTH
LARGE Fish, with 4 leg like fins.
What happened on December 1938
We thought the Coelacanth was extinct about a hundred million years ago.
A fisherman caught a very strange fish in a net off East London on that date. It was a Coelacanth
Are there still Coelacanths living today?
Yes they are, living in the very deep waters off the coast of Kwazulu Natal
What is the area near Sterkfontein caves in Johannesburg called?
Cradle of humankind
Is the "Cradle of human kind" a world heritage site?
How old are some of the early Human bones found at Cradle of humankind?
5 million years
What did early human kind look like?
Who is Mrs Ples?
Skull found in the Cradle of mankind. Thought it was women but later discovered it was a young boy