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HESI A2 > Grammar > Flashcards

Flashcards in Grammar Deck (18):
1

What are the 8 parts of speech?

Nouns, pronouns, adjectives, verbs, prepositions, conjunctions, interjections

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Noun

Word or group of words that names a person, place thing, or idea

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Common Noun

the general, not the particular name of a person, place or things. EX nurse, hospital, syringe

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Proper Noun

the official name of a person, place or thing. (Fred, Paris, Washington University) Are always capitalized

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Abstract Noun

Name of a quality or general idea EX: persistence, democracy

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Collective Noun

Represents a group of persons, animals or things EX Family, flock, furniture.

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Pronoun

word that takes the place of a noun, another pronoun, or a group of words acting as a noun.

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Antecedent

The word or group of words to which a pronoun refers

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Possessive Pronoun

Shows possession or ownership
EX: That is MY book

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Adjective

A word, phrase, or clause that modified a noun or pronoun. Answers the question what kind, which one, how many, or how much.

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Participle

A type of verb form that functions as an adjective usually ending in -ing or -ed

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Verb

Word or phrase that is used to express an action or state of being. use three tenses present, past, and future

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Linking Verbs

link or join the subject to the noun, pronoun, or predicate adjective ( am, is, are, was, were, being, been)

They do not show action

sometimes relate to the 5 senses (look, sound, smell, feel, taste)

Sometimes reflect a state of being (appear, seem, grow, turn, prove, remain)

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Examples of proper verb usage

It is important that Vanessa SEND her resume immediately
I wish I WERE that smart
If I were you, I'd leave now.

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Adverb

Word, phrase, or clause that modified a verb, adjective, or another adverb

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Examples of Adverbs

Modified a Verb: The physician operates QUICKLY
Modified an Adjective: The use wears VERY colorful uniforms
Modified another Adverb: The student scored QUITE badly on the test.

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Preposition

A word that shows the relationship of a noun or pronoun to some other word in the sentence. A compound preposition is a preposition that is made up of more than one word. A prepositional phrase is a group of words that begins with a preposition and ends with a noun or a pronoun which is called the OBJECT of the preposition

18

Commonly used Propositions

Aboard, About, Above, Across, After, Against, Along, Amid, Amoung, Around, As, At, Barring, Before, Behind, Below, Beneath, Beside, Between, Beyond, But (except), By, Concerning, Considering, Despite, Down, During, Except, Following, For, From, In, Including, Inside, Into, Like, Minus, Near, Of, Off, On, Onto, Opposite, Out, Outside, Over, Past, Pending, Plus, Prior to, Throughout, To, Toward, Under, Underneath, Unlike, Until, Up, Upon, With, Within, Withouut