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Flashcards in Grammar Deck (19):
1

When do you use the pronoun 'y'?
When not to use?

Used to replace a place which has a proposition such as 'à' or 'en' in front of it.
Also used with verbs which take proposition à when referring to an object
NOT USED when referring to ppl

2

When to use the pronoun 'en'?
When not to use it?

Used to replace quantity and numbers.
Also used with verbs which take the proposition 'de' when referring to an object
NOT USED when referring to ppl

3

Agreement of reflexive pronouns (direct object)

If the reflexive pronoun is the direct object of the verb, past pp agrees with the subject
E.g. Elle s'est lavée

4

Agreement of reflexive pronouns (indirect object)

If reflexive pronoun functions as an indirect object pronoun then there is no agreement with the past ppl.
E.g. Elle s'est lavé les mains

5

Relative pronouns: when to use qui

Qui is used to replace the subject of the sentence, hence the verb will be conjugated with regard to the qui.
E.g. c'est une maison qui se trouve au bord de la mer

6

Relative pronouns: when to use que ?

Que (qu') replaces the object of the sentence, hence the verb ISNT conjugated regarding it and there is another subject in the sentence.
E.g. j'ai perdu le livre qu'il m'a offert

7

Relative pronouns: when to use dont?

Means: 'whose', 'of which' or 'of whom'
Used in the place of que when the verb takes the proposition 'de'.
E.g. c'est le film dont tout le monde parle

8

Relative pronouns: when to use où?

Où means 'where' regarding a location or 'when' regarding a time.
E.g. c'est l'endroit où nous nous sommes rencontrés
E.g. le jour où nous nous sommes rencontrés

9

Relative pronouns: qui with a proposition

Qui can be used after a proposition which refers to a person.
E.g. la personne à qui elle a parlée

10

Relative pronouns: où with a proposition

Où can also be used after the proposition 'de'.
E.g. D'où viens-tu?

11

What are the relative pronouns used after a preposition and not with people?

Singular:. Plural:
Lequel. Lesquels
Laquelle Lesquelles

À +
Singular:. Plural:
Auquel Auxquels
À laquelle Àuxquelles

De +
Singular: Plural:
Duquel Desquels
De laquelle Desquelles

12

When to use ce qui?

Ce qui means what and it is the subject of the verb, so like 'qui' the respective verb is conjugated according to ce qui.
E.g. ce qui m'énerve, c'est son attitude

13

When to use ce que ?

Ce que means 'what' and is the object of the verb, hence there is always a subject (e.g. je) after it.
E.g. ce que je trouve énervant

14

When to use ce dont ?

Ce dont means 'what' and is used to replace ce que if the object is preceded by 'de'.
E.g. Tu sais ce dont il parle?
(Do you know what he's talking about?

15

List word endings which denote masculine words

-ment
-age
-isme
-eur
-er
-eme

16

List word ending which denote feminine words

-te / ite / tie
-tion
-ille
-ette
-ance / -anse
-ence EXCEPTION Le silence(m)
-ique

17

How do you form an adverb? and where does it go in the sentence?

Add -ment to the end of the feminine verb, the adverb goes after the verb, e.g. it is ADded after the verb

18

What are the demonstrative adjectives and what are the rules when using them?

Ce ( /cet), cette & ces
Must agree in gender and number & go in front of the noun ( used for emphasis)

19

What are the deonstrative pronouns and what are the rules when using them?

celui, celle, ceux & celles (+ -ci / -la)
Must agree in gender & number, they replace the nouns