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Flashcards in Grammar Quiz Deck (47)
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1

amount or number

amount: things that can’t be counted (singular)
number: things/people that can be counted (always plural)

2

as or like

use "as" when followed by a clause (as you do, as do I)
use "like" after a verb when it’s followed by a noun or pronoun, but not another verb (think of similes)

3

between and among

use "between" when talking about two people/things, limits or endpoints of a location/range
use "among" to refer to relationships involving people or things that you think of collectively as a group, not as individuals, or for groups (among the winners)

4

different from or different than

choose "different from" usually

5

e.g. or i.e.

e.g. is examples
i.e. is to clarify something you’ve just said (in other words)

6

ending a clause or sentence with a preposition

whatever sounds natural

7

farther and further

"farther" refers to physical distance
"further" is for everything else

8

hanged or hung

"hanged" is for hanging
"hung" means you’ve suspended something from an elevated point

9

he or they after anybody, everyone, somebody, a person, etc

if you know the group’s gender, use "he/his" for guys and "she/her" for girls
if you don’t know the gender, say “he or she” or “his or her”
or just rewrite the sentence to avoid the problem

10

I or me

if a person or a thing is doing something or being described, the pronoun should be I, he, she, it, we, or they
"It’s not you, it’s me" is therefore incorrect and should be "it’s not you, it’s I"
add a verb at the end to see if it still makes sense (is, am, did, etc)

11

between you and me

between is a preposition, and if you use a personal pronoun after a preposition, it should be me, you, him, her, it, us, or them
between you and me
between her and him
between them
between us and them

12

subjunctive mood

if goes with were
as though goes with were
wish also goes with were

13

adverb between two verbs

just don't use too many

14

lay or lie

“lie down, spot”
lie is resting position, to be buried, or situated
lay is to put something down or in place

15

less or fewer

use "less" when it noun is singular and can’t be counted (less importance)
use "fewer" with plural nouns that can be counted (fewer classes)

16

literally

just don't say it

17

gerunds

it’s a verb that ends with -ing
just think of the phrase "Mark Twain’s snoring" and you’ll be fine
you wouldn’t say "Mark Twain snoring disturbed his family"
it’s possessive
Its a verb that is used as a noun

18

split infinitive

one or two words between to and the verb such as ever, really, just, and actually
as long as it doesn’t sound awkward it’s fine, who cares

19

that or which

if you can cross the clause out without changing the basic meaning of the sentence, use which
if you can’t, use that
when you are defining or identifying a subject, use that

20

that vs which vs who

that or which refers to things
who refers to people

21

who or whom

who refers to someone doing something or being described (who climbed)
usually followed by verb
use whom when you put a preposition immediately in front of it (for whom, upon whom, of whom)
trick to figure it out
invert the sentence
substitute he or him for who or whom
if he is correct, use who. if him is correct, use whom

22

whoever or whomever

trick to figure it out
invert the sentence
substitute he or him for whoever or whomever
if he is correct, use whoever. if him is correct, use whomever

23

data

refers to factual or statistical information
can be used as singular or plural as long as you’re consistent

24

disinterested or uninterested

"disinterested" means you’re impartial or unbiased
"uninterested" means you just don’t care

25

finalize

restrict it to commercial or bureaucratic prose
try to use "complete" or "finish" instead

26

flammable and inflammable

"flammable" is something that can catch fire easily
"inflammable" is used in the sense of “easily emotionally inflamed”

27

fortuitous or fortunate

"fortuitous" refers to something happening by chance or accident
"fortunate" means lucky, favored by fortune

28

fundamentalism

"fundamentalism" refers to religion
"fundamentalist" refers to an economic or political doctrine

29

hopefully

just use "I hope" instead

30

the Internet and the World Wide Web

the Internet is a global computer network
the World Wide Web allows searches on the Internet