GRE's Most Common Vocabulary Words Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in GRE's Most Common Vocabulary Words Deck (397):
1

aberrant

abnormal; different from the accepted norm

2

abeyance

state of suspension; temporary inaction

3

abstemious

characterized by a state of self-denial, particularly in the area of food and drink

4

acquiescent

agreeing without protest

5

acrid

bitter; harsh

6

acrimonious

better in temper, manner, and speech

7

acumen

keeness; quickness of intellectual insight

8

admonition

a gentle reproof

9

affront

to offend, as with a gesture

10

aggrandize

to widen in scope or make bigger

11

aggregate

amounting to a whole

12

allay

to reduce the intensity of

13

amalgamate

to mix or blend together in a homogenous body

14

ameliorate

to make better or improve

15

anecdote

a short account of an interesting incident

16

archipelago

a large group of islands

17

artifice

cleverness or skill

18

ascetic

given to severe self-denial; practicing excessive abstinence

19

assiduous

persistant, unceasing

20

astute

keen; wise

21

audacious

fearless

22

austere

unadorned; severely simple

23

aver

to avouch, justify, or prove

24

banal

trite; commonplace

25

base

the underlying concept of a system or theory

26

beset

to surround, as in an attack

27

blatant

offensively loud

28

bolster

to support or reinforce

29

bombastic

using inflated language; pompous

30

boon

a timely benefit

31

brevity

briefness or conciseness

32

browbeat

to intimidate in an overbearing manner

33

bumptious

offensively self-assertive; pushy

34

bungle

to perform clumsily or inadequately; botch

35

burgeon

to grow forth; to send out buds

36

cacophony

a disagreeable, harsh, or discordant sound or tone

37

callous

insensitive; indifferent

38

calumniate

to make false and malicious statements about

39

candor

to be open or sincere

40

chicanery

use of trickery to decieve

41

churl

a rude, boorish, or surely person

42

coda

concluding section of a musical piece; something that summarizes

43

cognizant

aware; taking notice

44

colloquial

pertaining to common speech

45

complacency

a feeling of quiet security

46

confidante

one to whom secrets are confided

47

congruous

appropriate or fitting

48

consternation

panic

49

contentious

quarrelsome

50

contrite

penitent

51

contumacious

rebellious

52

corroberate

to make more certain; confirm

53

countenance

appearance, especially the look or expression of the face

54

counterpart

a person or thing resembling or complementing another

55

craven

cowardly

56

credulity

willingness to behave or trust too readily

57

cronyism

the practice of favoring one's friends, especially in political appointments

58

cursory

hasty, superficial, as of a review of something

59

dearth

an inadequate supply; scarcity; lack

60

decorum

orderliness and good taste in manners

61

deleterious

hurtful, morally or physically

62

delineate

to represent by sketch or diagram

63

depravity

the state of being morally bad or evil

64

deride

to ridicule; to make fun of

65

derision

ridicule

66

deriviative

something obtained from a source

67

desultory

aimless; haphazard

68

diatribe

bitter or meticulous criticism

69

didactic

pertaining to teaching

70

dilatory

causing delay

71

disconcert

to disturb the composure of

72

discretion

the power to act according to one's own judgement; the quality of being discreet

73

disquiet

lack of calm, peace, or ease

74

dissemble

to disguise or pretend

75

dissolution

breaking up of a union of persons

76

divest

to strip; to deprive

77

divulge

to tell or make known, generally of something secret or private

78

doldrums

a state of inactivity or low spirits

79

dubious

doubtful

80

dupe

someone easily fooled

81

ebullient

showing great enthusiasm or exhileration

82

efficacy

power to produce an intended effect

83

effrontery

shameless boldness; impudence

84

egress

exit

85

elegy

a poem lamenting the dead

86

elicit

to extract without violence; to learn through discussion

87

elitism

consciousness or pride in belonging to a select group

88

embellish

to add attractive and ornamental features

89

emulate

imitate

90

enervate

to weaken

91

engender

to produce

92

ennui

boredom

93

ephemeral

short lived; fleeting

94

ennui

boredom

95

ephemeral

short-lived; fleeting

96

equable

free from many changes or variations

97

equanimity

evenness of mind or temper

98

equivocal

ambiguous

99

equivocate

to use ambiguous or unclear expressions, usually to avoid commitment or to mislead

100

eradicate

to destroy completely

101

erudite

very learned

102

eschew

to keep clear of

103

esoteric

hard to understand; known only by a few

104

exacerbate

to make more sharp or severe; to make worse

105

exculpate

to free from blame

106

exigency

urgent situation

107

expatiate

to speak or write at some length

108

expiation

the means by which atonement or reparation is made

109

extirpate

to root out; to eradicate

110

extrapolation

to infer an unknown from something that is known

111

facetious

amusing

112

fallacious

illogical

113

fatuous

idiotic

114

fervor

ardor or intensity of feeling

115

fledgling

inexperienced

116

foment

to nurse to life; to encourage

117

forestall

to prevent by taking action in advance

118

fortification

the act of strengthening or protecting

119

frugal

economical

120

fulminate

to cause to explode

121

fumble

to feel or grope about clumsily

122

gaffe

a social blunder; faux pas

123

gainsay

to contradict; to deny

124

garrulous

prone to trivial talking

125

germane

relevant

126

goad

to urge on

127

grandiloquent

pompous; bombastic

128

grandstand

to conduct oneself or perform showily in an attempt to impress onlookers

129

gregarious

sociable; outgoing

130

guileless

without deceit

131

gullible

easily deceived

132

halcyon

calm

133

haphazard

characterized by a lack of order or planning

134

harangue

a tirade

135

harbinger

one who foreruns and announces the coming of a person or thing

136

hedge

a barrier or boundary; an act of preventing complete loss of a bet or investment

137

heresy

opinion or doctrine subversive of settled or accepted beliefs

138

homogenous

of the same kind

139

hyberpole

exaggeration or overstatement

140

iconoclast

an image-breaker

141

ignominious

shameful

142

impecunious

having no money; broke

143

impede

to hinder; to block

144

impenitent

not feeling regret about one's sins

145

imperious

insisting on obedience

146

imperturbable

calm

147

impervious

impenetrable

148

impetuous

impulsive

149

implicit

implied

150

importune

to harass with persistent demands

151

impugn

to assail with arguments or accusations

152

inadvertently

unintetionally

153

insane

silly

154

inchoate

recently begun

155

inconstant

changeable; fickle; variable

156

indolence

laziness

157

ineffable

unutterable

158

inert

inactive; lacking power to move

159

inexorable

unrelenting

160

ingratiating

charming; agreeable

161

innocuous

harmless

162

insinuate

to suggest or hint shyly

163

insipid

bland

164

insouciant

nonchalant

165

intimidation

something indicated or made known indirectly

166

intrepid

fearless and bold

167

inure

to harden or toughen by use, exercise, or exposure

168

invidious

showing or feeling envy

169

irascible

easily angered

170

itinerant

wandering

171

jingoism

professing one's patriotism loudly and excessively

172

killjoy

a person who spoils the pleasures of others

173

laconic

brief and to the point

174

latent

dormant

175

laudable

praiseworthy

176

licentious

wanton

177

liken

to represent as similar to someone or something

178

loquacious

talkative

179

lucid

easily understood; clear

180

magnanimity

generosity

181

malingerer

one who feigns illness to escape duty

182

malleable

pliant

183

masticate

to chew or reduce to a pulp

184

maverick

a rebel; nonconformist

185

mediocrity

the state or quality of being mediocre

186

mendacious

untrue

187

metamorphosis

change of form

188

meticulous

overcautious

189

misanthrope

one who hates mankind

190

mitigate

to lessen in intensity; to appease

191

modicum

a small amount

192

mollify

to soothe

193

mordant

biting

194

moribound

near death or extincition

195

morose

ill-humored; sullen

196

mundane

ordinary; dull

197

myopic

shortsighted or narrow-minded

198

narcissism

excessive fascination with oneself

199

nefarious

extremely wicked

200

negate

to cancel out; to nullify

201

neophyte

beginner

202

nepotism

favoritism shown on the basis of family relationship

203

obdurate

stubborn

204

obsfuscate

to darken

205

obsequious

servile; ready to serve

206

obviate

to make unnecessary

207

odious

hateful

208

officious

meddlesome

209

onus

burden

210

opprobrium

infamy; vilification

211

oscillate

to waver

212

ostentation

a display of vanity; showiness

213

palpable

perceptible by feeling or touch

214

panache

a grand or flamboyant manner or style

215

parable

a short story designed to illustrate a lesson

216

paragon

one-sided; committed to one party

217

pathos

having a quality that rouses emotion or sympathy

218

paucity

fewness

219

pejorative

having a disparaging or derogatory effect

220

penchant

strong inclination

221

penurious

excessively sparing in the use of money; frugal

222

perennial

something long-lasting

223

perfidy

treachery

224

permeable

penetrable; porous

225

pernicious

tending to kill or hurt

226

pervasive

spread throughout

227

phlegmatic

not easily roused to feeling or emotion

228

pious

religious

229

placate

to soothe; to bring from a hostile state to a calm one

230

platitude

trite or commonplace statement

231

plethora

excess; superabundance

232

plumb

to make vertical

233

polarize

to divide into sharply opposing factions

234

pompous

ostentatiously lofty or high-flown

235

ponderous

massive, awkward, unweildly

236

porous

full of pores

237

portend

foretell

238

poseur

a person who attempts to impress others by assuming a manner other than his true one

239

pragmatic

practical

240

precarious

perilous

241

precipitate

rash; premature

242

precocious

mature at a young age

243

preeminent

eminent above or before others

244

prescience

knowledge of events before they happen

245

presentiment

a feeling or impression that something is about to happen

246

prevaricate

to use ambiguous language for the purpose of deceiving

247

proclivity

natural inclination

248

prodigal

wasteful or lavish

249

prodigious

immense

250

prodigy

a person, usually a child, having extraordinary talent

251

profound

deep; not superficial

252

proliferate

to grow rapidly

253

propensity

natural inclination

254

prophetic

of the nature or containing a prophecy

255

propitious

indicative of favor

256

prosaic

commonplace or dull

257

protean

changeable in shape or form

258

prudence

caution

259

puerile

childish

260

pugnacious

quarralsome

261

pungeant

stinging; sharp in taste or smell

262

pusillanimous

cowardly; fainthearted

263

qualms

misgivings; uneasy fears

264

quibble

minor objection or complaint

265

quiescence

being quiet or still; inactivity

266

quixotic

idealistic; romantic to a ridiculous degree

267

recant

to formally withdraw one's belief

268

recidivism

the tendency toward repeated or habitual relapse

269

recondite

incomprehensible to one of ordinary understanding; profound

270

redress

to set right by compensation or punishment

271

refutation

an act of disproving a statement or charge

272

repose

the state of being at rest

273

restive

impatient or refusing to go forward

274

reticent

reserved; inclined to silence

275

reverent

respectful

276

rhetoric

the art of effective communication

277

rout

to drive out; to stampede

278

rueful

causing sorrow or pity

279

ruminate

to chew over again; to think over

280

sagacious

wise

281

salacious

having strong sexual desires

282

salubrious

healthful

283

sanction

to approve

284

sanguine

cheerfully confident; optimistic

285

satiate

to satisfy or fulfill the appetite or desire of

286

savor

to satisfy fully

287

secrete

to hide away

288

sedulous

persevering in effort or endeavor

289

seethe

to be disturbed

290

seminal

influencing future developments

291

shard

fragment

292

shirk

to avoid

293

shoddy

not genuine; inferior

294

sinuous

curving in and out

295

skeptic

doubter

296

skepticism

doubt or disbelief

297

skittish

lively; frisky

298

slander

defamation

299

slothful

slow-moving, lazy

300

solicituous

worried; concerned

301

sonorous

resonant

302

soporific

causing sleep

303

spate

a sudden, almost overwhelming outpouring

304

specious

seemingly reasonable but incorrect

305

spendthrift

someone who wastes money

306

spurious

not genuine

307

stentorian

extremely loud

308

stigma

a token of disgrace

309

stint

to be thrifty

310

stipulate

to make express condtions

311

stolid

dull; impassive

312

stratify

to form or place in layers

313

striated

marked with parallel bands

314

strut

a pompous walk

315

sublime

supreme or outstanding;l elevated

316

subterfuge

evasion

317

supercilious

showing careless contempt

318

superfluous

more than what is needed

319

supersede

to cause to be set back

320

supine

lying on the back

321

sybarite

a person devoted to luxury and pleasure

322

sycophant

a self seeking, servile flatterer

323

tacit

understood

324

taciturn

stern; silent

325

tangential

digressing

326

tantamount

equivalent in effect or value

327

tawdry

cheap

328

temerity

a foolish disregard of danger

329

tempestuous

stormy; impassioned

330

tenacious

holding fast

331

tendentious

having or showing a definite tendency, bias, or purpose

332

tenuous

thin; slim

333

tepid

lukewarm

334

thrall

slave; bondage

335

thwart

to frustrate

336

timidity

lacking in self-assurance or courage

337

titillate

to tickle

338

titular

pertaining to the nature of a title

339

torpid

dull; sluggish; inactive

340

tortuous

abounding in irregular bends or turns

341

tractable

docile

342

transgression

violation; sin

343

transcience

being in a state of transition

344

transmute

to change

345

transparent

easily detected

346

transpire

to happen, to be revealed

347

trepidation

nervous feeling; fear

348

truculence

ferocity

349

turgid

inflated, overblown, or pompous

350

tutelage

the act of training or being under instruction

351

tyro

beginner

352

ubiquitous

being present everywhere

353

umbrage

sense of inquiry

354

unassuaged

unsatisfied; not soothed

355

uncouth

clumsy; rude

356

undermine

to weaken; to sap

357

enerringly

without fail

358

ungainly

awkward; clumsy

359

unison

complete accord

360

unruly

disobedient

361

untenable

indefensible

362

upbraid

to reproach as deserving blame

363

urbanity

refined courtesy or politeness

364

vacillate

to waver; to fluctuate

365

vagabond

wanderer

366

vainglorious

excessive; pretentious

367

valorous

courageous

368

vantage

position giving advantage

369

vapid

having lost quality and flavor; dull; lifeless

370

variegated

many colored

371

vehement

forceful

372

venerate

to look upon with deep respect

373

veracious

truthful

374

verbiage

use of many words

375

verbose

wordy

376

vestigial

occurring or persisting as a rudimentary or degenerate structure

377

vicissitude

change of condition or circumstances, generally of fortune

378

virtuosity

having the character or ability of an expert

379

virulence

intense sharpness of anger; intensity

380

viscous

sticky; gluey

381

vituperate

overwhelm with wordy abuse

382

vociferous

making a loud outcry

383

volatile

changeable

384

volition

a choice or decision made by the will

385

voluble

fluent; talkative

386

warranted

justified

387

wary

very cautious

388

welter

turmoil

389

whet

to sharpen or stimulate

390

whimsical

fanciful

391

whorl

ring

392

winsome

attractive

393

wreak

inflict

394

writhe

twist

395

yore

time past

396

zealot

fanatic

397

zeitgeist

intellectual and moral tendencies of any age