GRE Shanbay 2 Flashcards Preview

GRE vocab.com > GRE Shanbay 2 > Flashcards

Flashcards in GRE Shanbay 2 Deck (422):
1

overwrought

deeply agitated especially from emotion

2

patronage

the business given to a commercial establishment by its customers

3

outlying

relatively far from a center or middle

4

operative

effective; producing a desired effect

5

outgrowth

a natural consequence of development

6

natty

marked by up-to-dateness in dress and manners

7

obscurity

the state of being indistinct or indefinite for lack of adequate illumination

8

partiality

an inclination to favor one group or view or opinion over alternatives

9

nonentity

a person of no influence

10

noncommittal

refusing to bind oneself to a particular course of action or view or the like

11

outstrip

go far ahead of

12

permissive

granting or inclined or able to grant permission; not strict in discipline

13

nonchalant

marked by blithe unconcern

14

mural

a painting that is applied to a wall surface

15

proponent

a person who pleads for a cause or propounds an idea

16

penitent

feeling or expressing remorse for misdeeds

17

mores

(sociology) the conventions that embody the fundamental values of a group

18

entrenched

established firmly and securely

19

obsolete

no longer in use

20

murky

(of liquids) clouded as with sediment

21

realism

the attribute of accepting the facts of life and favoring practicality and literal truth

22

platitude

a trite or obvious remark

23

trite

repeated too often; overfamiliar through overuse

24

nubile

of girls or women who are eligible to marry

25

ossify

become bony

26

neolithic

of or relating to the most recent period of the Stone Age (following the mesolithic)

27

paleolithic

of or relating to the second period of the Stone Age (following the eolithic)

28

peripatetic

traveling especially on foot

29

opulent

rich and superior in quality

30

pithy

concise and full of meaning

31

piety

righteousness by virtue of being pious

32

terrestrial

of or relating to or characteristic of the planet Earth or its inhabitants

33

periphery

the outside boundary or surface of something

34

pollen

the fine spores that contain male gametes and that are borne by an anther in a flowering plant

35

noisome

causing or able to cause nausea

36

perishable

liable to perish; subject to destruction or death or decay

37

wilt

any plant disease characterized by drooping and shriveling; usually caused by parasites attacking the roots

38

pathological

of or relating to the practice of pathology

39

advantageous

giving an advantage

40

myriad

a large indefinite number

41

pesticide

a chemical used to kill pests (as rodents or insects)

42

misanthrope

someone who dislikes people in general

43

nebulous

lacking definite form or limits

44

motif

a unifying idea that is a recurrent element in literary or artistic work

45

perpetrate

perform an act, usually with a negative connotation

46

artifact

a man-made object taken as a whole

47

paucity

an insufficient quantity or number

48

substrate

the substance that is acted upon by an enzyme or ferment

49

perspicacious

mentally acute or penetratingly discerning

50

motley

consisting of a haphazard assortment of different kinds

51

hydrate

any compound that contains water of crystallization

52

paean

(ancient Greece) a hymn of praise (especially one sung in ancient Greece to invoke or thank a deity)

53

partisan

a fervent and even militant proponent of something

54

pedantry

an ostentatious and inappropriate display of learning

55

conversant

(usually followed by `with') well informed about or knowing thoroughly

56

obviate

do away with

57

nomadic

migratory

58

abolitionist

a reformer who favors abolishing slavery

59

pantomime

a performance using gestures and body movements without words

60

pitcher

an open vessel with a handle and a spout for pouring

61

pervade

spread or diffuse through

62

peevish

easily irritated or annoyed

63

obfuscate

make obscure or unclear

64

perquisite

an incidental benefit awarded for certain types of employment (especially if it is regarded as a right)

65

adrenaline

a catecholamine secreted by the adrenal medulla in response to stress (trade name Adrenalin); stimulates autonomic nerve action

66

anionic

of or relating to anions

67

poignant

keenly distressing to the mind or feelings

68

familial

relating to or having the characteristics of a family

69

pervasive

spreading or spread throughout

70

phonetic

of or relating to speech sounds

71

silicate

a salt or ester derived from silicic acid

72

plethora

extreme excess

73

override

ride (a horse) too hard

74

nebula

an immense cloud of gas (mainly hydrogen) and dust in interstellar space

75

fauna

all the animal life in a particular region or period

76

gradient

a graded change in the magnitude of some physical quantity or dimension

77

perpetuate

cause to continue or prevail

78

obsolescent

becoming obsolete

79

mystic

having an import not apparent to the senses nor obvious to the intelligence; beyond ordinary understanding

80

fixation

the activity of fastening something firmly in position

81

penchant

a strong liking

82

oceanic

relating to or occurring or living in or frequenting the open ocean

83

perilous

fraught with danger

84

philistine

a person who is uninterested in intellectual pursuits

85

notch

a small cut

86

pliant

capable of being shaped or bent or drawn out

87

pedant

a person who pays more attention to formal rules and book learning than they merit

88

glaciation

the process of covering the earth with glaciers or masses of ice

89

opacity

the quality of being opaque to a degree; the degree to which something reduces the passage of light

90

onerous

not easily borne; wearing

91

parable

a short moral story (often with animal characters)

92

perfunctory

hasty and without attention to detail; not thorough

93

opalescent

having a play of lustrous rainbow colors

94

opprobrious

expressing offensive reproach

95

perfidious

tending to betray; especially having a treacherous character as attributed to the Carthaginians by the Romans

96

primordial

having existed from the beginning; in an earliest or original stage or state

97

saturnine

bitter or scornful

98

impenetrable

not admitting of penetration or passage into or through

99

prohibitive

tending to discourage (especially of prices)

100

proselytise

convert to another faith or religion

101

playwright

someone who writes plays

102

sedative

tending to soothe or tranquilize

103

prescient

perceiving the significance of events before they occur

104

prudish

exaggeratedly proper

105

insurrection

organized opposition to authority; a conflict in which one faction tries to wrest control from another

106

differential

a quality that differentiates between similar things

107

prig

a person regarded as arrogant and annoying

108

snub

refuse to acknowledge

109

preternatural

existing outside of or not in accordance with nature

110

rowdy

disturbing the public peace; loud and rough

111

spurious

plausible but false

112

induce

cause to do; cause to act in a specified manner

113

pugnacious

tough and callous by virtue of experience

114

timbre

(music) the distinctive property of a complex sound (a voice or noise or musical sound)

115

flatfish

any of several families of fishes having flattened bodies that swim along the sea floor on one side of the body with both eyes on the upper side

116

recondite

difficult to penetrate; incomprehensible to one of ordinary understanding or knowledge

117

propitiate

make peace with

118

potable

suitable for drinking

119

reprieve

postpone the punishment of a convicted criminal, such as an execution

120

relegate

assign to a lower position; reduce in rank

121

stratagem

an elaborate or deceitful scheme contrived to deceive or evade

122

propitious

presenting favorable circumstances; likely to result in or show signs of success

123

ferromagnetic

relating to or demonstrating ferromagnetism

124

serrated

notched like a saw with teeth pointing toward the apex

125

lipid

an oily organic compound insoluble in water but soluble in organic solvents; essential structural component of living cells (along with proteins and carbohydrates)

126

quagmire

a soft wet area of low-lying land that sinks underfoot

127

pomposity

lack of elegance as a consequence of being pompous and puffed up with vanity

128

reinstate

bring back into original existence, use, function, or position

129

sedulous

marked by care and persistent effort

130

avocation

an auxiliary activity

131

renegade

someone who rebels and becomes an outlaw

132

sentient

endowed with feeling and unstructured consciousness

133

postoperative

happening or done after a surgical operation

134

premeditate

consider, ponder, or plan (an action) beforehand

135

embody

represent or express something abstract in tangible form

136

stratosphere

the atmospheric layer between the troposphere and the mesosphere

137

bastion

projecting part of a rampart or other fortification

138

pretense

the act of giving a false appearance

139

slavish

abjectly submissive; characteristic of a slave or servant

140

salubrious

promoting health; healthful

141

misnomer

an incorrect or unsuitable name

142

advent

arrival that has been awaited (especially of something momentous)

143

slothful

disinclined to work or exertion

144

irresolute

uncertain how to act or proceed

145

endear

make attractive or lovable

146

certitude

total certainty or greater certainty than circumstances warrant

147

ramshackle

in deplorable condition

148

rarefy

lessen the density or solidity of

149

fervid

characterized by intense emotion

150

impiety

unrighteousness by virtue of lacking respect for a god

151

pestilential

likely to spread and cause an epidemic disease

152

hallucinogen

a psychoactive drug that induces hallucinations or altered sensory experiences

153

homespun

made of cloth spun or woven in the home

154

dumbfound

be a mystery or bewildering to

155

estranged

caused to be unloved

156

jocular

characterized by jokes and good humor

157

guile

shrewdness as demonstrated by being skilled in deception

158

irrefutable

impossible to deny or disprove

159

quixotic

not sensible about practical matters; idealistic and unrealistic

160

camaraderie

the quality of affording easy familiarity and sociability

161

bastion

projecting part of a rampart or other fortification

162

circumstantial

fully detailed and specific about particulars

163

prophetic

foretelling events as if by supernatural intervention

164

pedagogy

the profession of a teacher

165

emphatic

spoken with emphasis

166

pacifist

someone opposed to violence as a means of settling disputes

167

endear

make attractive or lovable

168

prescient

perceiving the significance of events before they occur

169

iconoclastic

characterized by attack on established beliefs or institutions

170

expository

serving to expound or set forth

171

heed

paying particular notice (as to children or helpless people)

172

ranching

farming for the raising of livestock (particularly cattle)

173

cramped

constricted in size

174

severance

the act of severing

175

credence

the mental attitude that something is believable and should be accepted as true

176

chide

censure severely or angrily

177

digression

a turning aside (of your course or attention or concern)

178

panegyric

formally expressing praise

179

disparity

inequality or difference in some respect

180

well-worn

showing signs of much wear or use

181

mawkish

effusively or insincerely emotional

182

thwart

hinder or prevent (the efforts, plans, or desires) of

183

diaphanous

so thin as to transmit light

184

headlong

with the head foremost

185

aquifer

underground bed or layer yielding ground water for wells and springs etc

186

quotidian

found in the ordinary course of events

187

talisman

a trinket or piece of jewelry usually hung about the neck and thought to be a magical protection against evil or disease

188

trinket

cheap showy jewelry or ornament on clothing

189

slake

satisfy (thirst)

190

adventitious

associated by chance and not an integral part

191

turbid

(of liquids) clouded as with sediment

192

raffish

marked by a carefree unconventionality or disreputableness

193

vacillate

be undecided about something; waver between conflicting positions or courses of action

194

scrappy

full of fighting spirit

195

tinker

do random, unplanned work or activities or spend time idly

196

aggrieve

cause to feel sorrow

197

verbatim

using exactly the same words

198

quell

suppress or crush completely

199

tact

consideration in dealing with others and avoiding giving offense

200

demotic

of or for the common people

201

efficacy

capacity or power to produce a desired effect

202

exemplar

something to be imitated

203

deprecate

express strong disapproval of; deplore

204

episodic

of writing or narration; divided into or composed of episodes

205

disconsolate

sad beyond comforting; incapable of being consoled

206

drollery

a comic incident or series of incidents

207

divisive

dissenting (especially dissenting with the majority opinion)

208

gall

the trait of being rude and impertinent; inclined to take liberties

209

evince

give expression to

210

expeditiously

with efficiency; in an efficient manner

211

erudition

profound scholarly knowledge

212

evenhanded

without partiality

213

genus

(biology) taxonomic group containing one or more species

214

enamored

marked by foolish or unreasoning fondness

215

fervid

characterized by intense emotion

216

deprave

corrupt morally or by intemperance or sensuality

217

raffish

marked by a carefree unconventionality or disreputableness

218

hale

exhibiting or restored to vigorous good health

219

iconography

the images and symbolic representations that are traditionally associated with a person or a subject

220

guile

shrewdness as demonstrated by being skilled in deception

221

idiomatic

of or relating to or conforming to idiom

222

jocular

characterized by jokes and good humor

223

mythic

relating to or having the nature of myth

224

infirm

lacking bodily or muscular strength or vitality

225

onerous

not easily borne; wearing

226

disavowal

denial of any connection with or knowledge of

227

rivet

heavy pin having a head at one end and the other end being hammered flat after being passed through holes in the pieces that are fastened together

228

disregard

lack of attention and due care

229

inception

an event that is a beginning; a first part or stage of subsequent events

230

gust

a strong current of air

231

outset

the time at which something is supposed to begin

232

prune

dried plum

233

sentient

endowed with feeling and unstructured consciousness

234

gadfly

any of various large flies that annoy livestock

235

maudlin

effusively or insincerely emotional

236

penitent

feeling or expressing remorse for misdeeds

237

taciturn

habitually reserved and uncommunicative

238

expound

add details, as to an account or idea; clarify the meaning of and discourse in a learned way, usually in writing

239

sedate

characterized by dignity and propriety

240

puncture

pierce with a pointed object; make a hole into

241

privation

act of depriving someone of food or money or rights

242

hiatus

an interruption in the intensity or amount of something

243

pivotal

being of crucial importance

244

offset

a compensating equivalent

245

archetype

something that serves as a model or a basis for making copies

246

prescient

perceiving the significance of events before they occur

247

pusillanimous

lacking in courage and manly strength and resolution; contemptibly fearful

248

caveat

a warning against certain acts

249

chide

censure severely or angrily

250

stratosphere

the atmospheric layer between the troposphere and the mesosphere

251

remnant

a small part or portion that remains after the main part no longer exists

252

sordid

foul and run-down and repulsive

253

mawkish

effusively or insincerely emotional

254

sham

something that is a counterfeit; not what it seems to be

255

grandstand

a stand at a racecourse or stadium consisting of tiers with rows of individual seats that are under a protective roof

256

inimical

not friendly

257

distend

cause to expand as it by internal pressure

258

indelible

cannot be removed or erased

259

caveat

a warning against certain acts

260

truncate

make shorter as if by cutting off

261

pastiche

a work of art that imitates the style of some previous work

262

liaison

a channel for communication between groups

263

venerate

regard with feelings of respect and reverence; consider hallowed or exalted or be in awe of

264

proclivity

a natural inclination

265

assuage

provide physical relief, as from pain

266

synopsis

a sketchy summary of the main points of an argument or theory

267

expiate

make amends for

268

consecrate

render holy by means of religious rites

269

macabre

shockingly repellent; inspiring horror

270

poseur

a person who habitually pretends to be something he is not

271

indelible

cannot be removed or erased

272

jaunty

having a cheerful, lively, and self-confident air

273

rescind

cancel officially

274

importune

beg persistently and urgently

275

coagulate

change from a liquid to a thickened or solid state

276

pittance

an inadequate payment

277

stultify

deprive of strength or efficiency; make useless or worthless

278

underscore

give extra weight to (a communication)

279

contiguous

having a common boundary or edge; abutting; touching

280

punctilious

marked by precise accordance with details

281

favoritism

an inclination to favor some person or group

282

perish

pass from physical life and lose all bodily attributes and functions necessary to sustain life

283

snippet

a small piece of anything (especially a piece that has been snipped off)

284

fidelity

the quality of being faithful

285

truculent

defiantly aggressive

286

condign

fitting or appropriate and deserved; used especially of punishment

287

dissension

disagreement among those expected to cooperate

288

sparse

not dense

289

plasma

the colorless watery fluid of the blood and lymph that contains no cells, but in which the blood cells (erythrocytes, leukocytes, and thrombocytes) are suspended

290

perfidious

tending to betray; especially having a treacherous character as attributed to the Carthaginians by the Romans

291

sequester

keep away from others

292

sprightly

full of spirit and vitality

293

dawdle

hang (back) or fall (behind) in movement, progress, development, etc.

294

proclaim

declare formally; declare someone to be something; of titles

295

moralistic

narrowly and conventionally moral

296

divestiture

the sale by a company of a product line or a subsidiary or a division

297

lofty

of imposing height; especially standing out above others

298

fathom

a linear unit of measurement (equal to 6 feet) for water depth

299

sere

(used especially of vegetation) having lost all moisture

300

sedative

tending to soothe or tranquilize

301

ponderous

having great mass and weight and unwieldiness

302

precarious

not secure; beset with difficulties

303

ingratiating

capable of winning favor

304

pounce

move down on as if in an attack

305

incinerate

become reduced to ashes

306

pillory

a wooden instrument of punishment on a post with holes for the wrists and neck; offenders were locked in and so exposed to public scorn

307

exacting

severe and unremitting in making demands

308

preternatural

existing outside of or not in accordance with nature

309

parable

a short moral story (often with animal characters)

310

stratagem

an elaborate or deceitful scheme contrived to deceive or evade

311

vitriolic

harsh or corrosive in tone

312

overbearing

having or showing arrogant superiority to and disdain of those one views as unworthy

313

leaven

a substance used to produce fermentation in dough or a liquid

314

fetter

a shackle for the ankles or feet

315

advert

a public promotion of some product or service

316

primal

having existed from the beginning; in an earliest or original stage or state

317

asperity

harshness of manner

318

corporeal

having material or physical form or substance

319

immemorial

long past; beyond the limits of memory or tradition or recorded history

320

expurgate

edit by omitting or modifying parts considered indelicate

321

veracious

habitually speaking the truth

322

shunt

a conductor having low resistance in parallel with another device to divert a fraction of the current

323

deprecate

express strong disapproval of; deplore

324

serendipity

good luck in making unexpected and fortunate discoveries

325

auditory

of or relating to the process of hearing

326

potted

of plants; planted or grown in a pot

327

prepossessing

creating a favorable impression

328

sanctimonious

excessively or hypocritically pious

329

chicanery

the use of tricks to deceive someone (usually to extract money from them)

330

paroxysm

a sudden uncontrollable attack

331

repartee

adroitness and cleverness in reply

332

fluster

cause to be nervous or upset

333

reprehensible

bringing or deserving severe rebuke or censure

334

stoke

stir up or tend; of a fire

335

kudos

an expression of approval and commendation

336

demagogue

a political leader who seeks support by appealing to popular passions and prejudices

337

seemly

according with custom or propriety

338

pallid

abnormally deficient in color as suggesting physical or emotional distress

339

vilify

spread negative information about

340

mania

an irrational but irresistible motive for a belief or action

341

pestilential

likely to spread and cause an epidemic disease

342

wobble

an unsteady rocking motion

343

whimsical

determined by chance or impulse or whim rather than by necessity or reason

344

superimpose

place on top of

345

clamber

climb awkwardly, as if by scrambling

346

timorous

timid by nature or revealing timidity

347

quagmire

a soft wet area of low-lying land that sinks underfoot

348

expansive

able or tending to expand or characterized by expansion

349

dapper

marked by up-to-dateness in dress and manners

350

quotidian

found in the ordinary course of events

351

procurement

the act of getting possession of something

352

salient

having a quality that thrusts itself into attention

353

expository

serving to expound or set forth

354

vent

a hole for the escape of gas or air

355

malodorous

having an unpleasant smell

356

malignant

dangerous to health; characterized by progressive and uncontrolled growth (especially of a tumor)

357

vanquish

come out better in a competition, race, or conflict

358

lugubrious

excessively mournful

359

pucker

to gather something into small wrinkles or folds

360

postdate

be later in time

361

shirk

avoid (one's assigned duties)

362

languid

lacking spirit or liveliness

363

pacify

cause to be more favorably inclined; gain the good will of

364

peripatetic

traveling especially on foot

365

saturnine

bitter or scornful

366

veneer

coating consisting of a thin layer of superior wood glued to a base of inferior wood

367

quibble

evade the truth of a point or question by raising irrelevant objections

368

seminal

pertaining to or containing or consisting of semen

369

incursion

the act of entering some territory or domain (often in large numbers)

370

reprobate

a person without moral scruples

371

succinct

briefly giving the gist of something

372

trickle

run or flow slowly, as in drops or in an unsteady stream

373

untoward

not in keeping with accepted standards of what is right or proper in polite society

374

unwitting

not aware or knowing

375

credence

the mental attitude that something is believable and should be accepted as true

376

swagger

to walk with a lofty proud gait, often in an attempt to impress others

377

schematic

represented in simplified or symbolic form

378

eternal

continuing forever or indefinitely

379

lull

make calm or still

380

inflamed

resulting from inflammation; hot and swollen and reddened

381

vehement

marked by extreme intensity of emotions or convictions; inclined to react violently; fervid

382

snub

refuse to acknowledge

383

xenophobia

a fear of foreigners or strangers

384

supplicate

ask for humbly or earnestly, as in prayer

385

votary

a priest or priestess (or consecrated worshipper) in a non-Christian religion or cult

386

flipper

the flat broad limb of aquatic animals specialized for swimming

387

entreat

ask for or request earnestly

388

quench

satisfy (thirst)

389

snare

a trap for birds or small mammals; often has a slip noose

390

outlast

live longer than

391

faction

a dissenting clique

392

mince

cut into small pieces

393

plebeian

of or associated with the great masses of people

394

rancor

a feeling of deep and bitter anger and ill-will

395

varnish

a coating that provides a hard, lustrous, transparent finish to a surface

396

onset

the beginning or early stages

397

hovel

small crude shelter used as a dwelling

398

swindle

deprive of by deceit

399

prostrate

stretched out and lying at full length along the ground

400

slake

satisfy (thirst)

401

peevish

easily irritated or annoyed

402

fledgling

young bird that has just fledged or become capable of flying

403

glower

look angry or sullen, wrinkle one's forehead, as if to signal disapproval

404

invidious

containing or implying a slight or showing prejudice

405

harbinger

something that precedes and indicates the approach of something or someone

406

amiable

diffusing warmth and friendliness

407

intransigent

impervious to pleas, persuasion, requests, reason

408

exude

release (a liquid) in drops or small quantities

409

effusive

uttered with unrestrained enthusiasm

410

innocuous

not injurious to physical or mental health

411

absolve

grant remission of a sin to

412

meander

to move or cause to move in a sinuous, spiral, or circular course

413

fracas

noisy quarrel

414

tentative

unsettled in mind or opinion

415

recumbent

lying down; in a position of comfort or rest

416

palaver

loud and confused and empty talk

417

lassitude

a feeling of lack of interest or energy

418

flux

a flow or discharge

419

discharge

remove the charge from

420

iridescent

varying in color when seen in different lights or from different angles

421

volition

the act of making a choice

422

taciturn

habitually reserved and uncommunicative