GRE Week 5 - Sheet1 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in GRE Week 5 - Sheet1 Deck (386):
1

Abeyance

suspended action

2

Abhor

To hate very very much; to detest

3

Absolve

To forgive or free from blame; to free from sin; to free from an obligation

4

Acclaimed

welcomed with shouts and approval

5

Acute

Sharp; shrewd

6

Adulation

Wild or excessive admiration; flattery

7

Affable

Easy to talk to; friendly

8

Aggregate

Sum total; a collection of separate things mixed together

9

Agile

active quick-moving

10

Agrarian

Relating to land; relating to the management or farming of land

11

Ale

fermented alcoholic beverage similar to but heavier than beer

12

Ambrosial

extremely pleasing to taste

13

Amiable

Friendly; agreeable

14

Antithetical

direct opposing

15

Apostate

one who abandons long-held religious or political convictions

16

Appease

To soothe; to pacify by giving in to

17

Apprehensive

Worried; anxious

18

Approbation

Approval; praise

19

Appropriate

To take without permission; to set aside for a particular use

20

Appropriate v.

acquire; take possession of for one’s own use

21

Arbitrary

Random; capricious random

22

Arrant

in the highest degree

23

Artful

Wily; sly ; =crafty

24

Articulate

speak distinctly connect by joints

25

Ascend

go or come up

26

Ascetic

Hermit like; practicing self-denial

27

Ascribe

consider to be the origin of or belonging to

28

Assimilate

To take in; to absorb; to learn thoroughly

29

Assuage

To soothe; to pacify; to ease the pain of; to relieve

30

Assuage v.

ease or lessen (pain); satisfy (hunger); soothe (anger)

31

Audacious

daring; bold

32

Austere

Unadorned; stern; forbidding; without excess

33

Autocratic

Ruling with absolute authority; extremely bossy

34

Bandy

discuss lightly or glibly; exchange (words) heatedly

35

Bastion

Stronghold; fortress; fortified place

36

Beleaguer

To surround; to besiege; to harass

37

Benevolence

wish or activity in doing good

38

Bequest

Something left to someone in a will

39

Bereft

rob or dispossess of something (material)

40

Bigot

stubborn narrow-minded person

41

Bilge

bulge the protuberance of a cask

42

Bovine

Cow related; cow like cf canine equine feline pis cine porcine ursine

43

Buoyant

able to float light-hearted

44

Burgeon

To expand; to flourish

45

Burnish

make shiny by rubbing; polish

46

Cadge

to beg to get by begging

47

Capitalism

Free enterprise

48

Castigate

To criticize severely; to chastise

49

Chaste

pure

50

Chisel

steel tool for shaping materials

51

Chronic

Constant; lasting a long time; inveterate

52

Churl

bad-tempered person

53

Circumlocution

An indirect expression; use of wordy or evasive language

54

Clamor

shout complain with a lot of noise

55

Cliche

An overused saying or idea

56

Clientele

customers

57

Clique

An exclusive group bound together by some shared quality or interest

58

Coax

get somebody to do something by kindness

59

Colloquial

Conversational; informal in language

60

Commuter

person who travels regularly

61

Compendium

A summary; an abridgment

62

Complacent

Self-satisfied; overly pleased with oneself; contented to a fault

63

Complaisant

trying to please; overly polite; obliging

64

Compliant

yielding; conforming to requirements

65

Conceal

hide keep secret

66

Concise

Brief and to the point; succinct

67

Conduce

To bring about

68

Conjoin

to join together

69

Connoisseur

An expert particularly in matter of art or taste

70

Connotation

suggestion in addition to

71

Consternation

surprise and fear dismay

72

Consummate

Perfect; complete; supremely skillful

73

Contrived

Artificial; labored

74

Contumacious

insubordinate rebellious

75

Conventional

common; customary; unexceptional

76

Convivial

Fond of partying; festive

77

Countenance

face; facial expression especially an encouraging one

78

Covert

secret; hidden

79

Craven

cowardly

80

Credulity

too great a readiness to believe things

81

Credulous

eager to believe; gullible

82

Crush

press lose shape subdue overwhelm

83

Dainty

pretty/delicate(food)/difficult to please

84

Deprave

make morally bad corrupt

85

Deprecate

to express disapproval of

86

Desiccate

to dry out

87

Deterrent

Something that discourages; hindrance

88

Dichotomy

split; branching into two parts (especially contradictory ones)

89

Digress

to stray from the main subject

90

Disabuse

correct a false impression; undeceive

91

Discern

to have insight; to see things clearly to discriminate; to differentiate

92

Discordant

not harmonious; conflicting

93

Disencumber

free from encumbrance

94

Disparage

to belittle; to say uncomplimentary things about usually in a somewhat indirect way

95

Disparate

different; incompatible; unequal

96

Disparate adj.

basically different; unrelated

97

Disproof

proof to the contrary

98

Disrobe

undress

99

Dissemble v.

disguise; pretend

100

Distill

purify; refine; concentrate

101

Distrait

distracted

102

Diverge

vary; go in different directions from the same point

103

Divest

strip; deprive

104

Domestic

having to do with the household or family; not foreign

105

Dote

show much fondness center one's attention

106

Drawl

slow way of speaking

107

Dupe

cheat make a fool of

108

Eclectic

A choosing the best from many sources; drawn from many sources

109

Egress

way out exit

110

Ellipsis

ellipsoid

111

Elliptical

Adj oval; missing a word or words; obscure

112

Embellish

adorn; ornament; enhance, as a story

113

Emigrant

a n immigrate

114

Emigrate

V to move to a new country; to move a new place to live; to expatriate

115

Encapsulate

enclose in capsule

116

Endorse

write one's name on the back of

117

Enhance

increase; improve

118

Ensconce

To settle (oneself) securely or comfortably

119

Entangle

put into difficulties

120

Enthral

take the whole attention, enslave

121

Entice

attract, lure

122

Enunciate

pronounce (words)/express a theory

123

Ephemeral

A lasting a very short time

124

Epithet

adjective

125

Equilibrium

state of being balanced

126

Equipoise

equal distribution of weight equilibrium

127

Erudite

Adj scholarly; deeply learned ;

128

Euphemism

N a pleasant or inoffensive expression used in place of an unpleasant or offensive one

129

Euphoria

elation state of pleasant excitement

130

Exalt

V to raise high; to glorify

131

Exculpate

clear from blame

132

Exhort

V to urge strongly; to give a serious warning to

133

Expatriate

V to throw someone out of his or her native land; to move away from ones native land; to emigrate

134

Expedient

Adj providing an immediate advantage; serving ones immediate self-interest; practical

135

Explicit

Adj clearly and directly expressed

136

Exploit

brilliant achievement develop use selfishly

137

Extenuate

reduce the strength of lessen seriousness partially excuse

138

Extinguish

end the existence of/wipe or put out

139

Extol

V to praise highly; to laud

140

Fabrication

N a lie; something made up

141

Facilitate

help bring about; make less difficult

142

Faction

N a group usually a small part of a larger group united around some cause; disagreement within an organization

143

Fallacious

false; misleading

144

Fastidious

Adj meticulous; demanding; finicky

145

Fatalist

N someone who believes that future events are already determined and that humans are powerless to change them

146

Fatuous

Adj foolish; silly; idiotic ;

147

Felon

person guilty of murder

148

Figurative

Adj based on figures of speech; expressing something in terms usually for something else; metaphorical

149

Finical

too fussy about food clothing etc.

150

Flag

droop; grow feeble

151

Flagrant

Adj glaringly bad; notorious; scandalous

152

Flaunting

show off complacently

153

Fleet

number of ships quick-moving

154

Flop

fail/move/fall clumsily

155

Florid

very much ornamented naturally red (e.g.. of face)

156

Fluke

lucky stroke

157

Fluster

make nervous or confused

158

Forage

food for horses and cattle

159

Foray

to venture

160

Forbearance

patience willingness to wait

161

Forge

workshop for the shaping of metal to shape metal lead

162

Founder

v to fail ; to collapse ; to sink

163

Fracas

noisy quarrel

164

Fragrant

sweet-smelling

165

Frenetic

a frantic ; frenzied

166

Gaucherie

socially awkward tactless behavior

167

Genre

n a type or category especially of art or writing

168

Genteel

a refined ; polite ; aristocratic ; affecting refinement

169

Gerontocracy

government ruled by old people

170

Glut

n surplus ; an overabundance

171

Goad

urge on

172

Grandiose

a absurdly exaggerated

173

Grumble

to complain

174

Guile

n cunning ; duplicity ; artfulness

175

Harbinger

n a forerunner ; a signal of ;

176

Hiatus

n a break or interruption often from work ;

177

Highbrow

(person) with superior tastes

178

Hubris

arrogant pride

179

Husk

worthless outside part of anything

180

Hypocrisy

falsely making oneself appear to be good

181

Ideology

n a system of social or political ideas

182

Idolatry

worship of idols; excessive admiration

183

Ignominious

shameful dishonorable undignified disgraceful

184

Immaculate

pure faultless

185

Impair

injure; hurt; worsen diminish in value

186

Impartial

a fair ; not favoring one side or the other ; unbiased

187

Impetuous

a impulsive ; extremely impatient ;

188

Implicit

implied though not plainly expressed

189

Importune

beg urgently solicit (of a prostitute)

190

Inadvertent

not paying proper attention

191

Inaugurate

v to begin officially ; to induct formally into office

192

Inconsequential

insignificant; unimportant

193

Incredulous

skeptical unwilling to believe

194

Inculcate

fix firmly by repetition

195

Indigent

a poor

196

Indulge

gratify give way to satisfy allow oneself

197

Inept

a clumsy ; incompetent ; gauche

198

Inimical

harmful or unfriendly

199

Inimitable

defying imitation unmatchable

200

Innocuous

a harmless ; banal

201

Insidious

a treacherous ; sneaky ;

202

Insinuate

v to hint ; to creep in hind

203

Insolent

a arrogant ; insulting

204

Instigate

v to provoke ; to stir up

205

Insurgent

n a rebel ; someone who revolts against a government

206

Interim

as an installment

207

Intransigence

unwillingness to compromise stubbornness intractability

208

Intransigence n.

refusal of any compromise; stubbornness

209

Intransigent

a uncompromising ; stubborn

210

Invincible

too strong to be defeated

211

Ire

anger

212

Irrevocable

a irreversible

213

Jabber

talk excitedly utter rapidly

214

Judicious

a exercising sound judgment

215

Laud

v to praise ; to applaud ; to extol ; to celebrate

216

Levee

stone embankment to prevent flooding; formal reception

217

Levity

n lightness ; frivolity ; unseriousness

218

Log

record of a voyage or flight; record of day-to-day activities

219

Loquacious

a talking a lot or too much

220

Lucid

a clear ; easy to understand ;

221

Machination

n scheming activity for an evil purpose

222

Malaise

n a feeling of depression uneasiness or queasiness

223

Malapropism

misuse of a word (for one that resembles it)

224

Malign

to speak harmful untruths about someone

225

Martyr

n someone who gives up his or her life in pursuit of a cause especially a religious one ; one who suffers for a cause ; one who makes a show of suffering in order to arouse sympathy

226

Maverick

n a nonconformist ; a rebel

227

Maxim

n a fundamental principle ; an old saying

228

Mellifluous

a sweetly flowing

229

Mendacious

a lying ; dishonest

230

Meticulous

excessively careful; painstaking; scrupulous; giving great attention to details

231

Middling

fairly good but not very good

232

Mite

A very small amount, portion, or particle

233

Molt

moult lose hair feathers before new growing

234

Mundane

a ordinary ; pretty boring ; not heavenly and eternal

235

Nascent

coming into existence emerging

236

Negate

cancel out; nullify; deny

237

Nexus

a connection tie or link

238

Nihilism

n the belief that there are no values or morals in the universe

239

Novel

a new ; original ;

240

Oblivious

unaware having no memory

241

Obtrusive

projecting prominent undesirably noticeable

242

Officious

a annoyingly eager to help or advise

243

Ominous

threatening

244

Overhaul

examine thoroughly to learn about the condition

245

Panacea

n something that cures everything

246

Paternal

a fatherly ; fatherlike

247

Patrician

n a person of noble birth ; an aristocrat ;

248

Patronize

v to treat as an inferior ; to condescend to

249

Peccadillo

n a minor offense

250

Pedantic

a boringly scholarly or academic

251

Perch

take up a high position

252

Peregrination

traveling about wandering

253

Perennial

a continual ; happening again and again or year after year continual

254

Periphery

n the outside edge of something ;

255

Perish

be destroyed decay

256

Permeable

penetrable; porous; allowing liquids or gas to pass through

257

Pertain

belong as a part have reference

258

Petrified

taken away power (to think feel act)

259

Philanthropist

one who loves mankind

260

Pinch

be too tight take between the thumb and finger

261

Pith

essential part force soft liquid substance

262

Plaintive

a expressing sadness or sorrow

263

Plea

request

264

Plummet

fall sharply

265

Preamble

introductory statement

266

Precarious

uncertain; risky

267

Predilection

n a natural preference for something

268

Preponderance

greatness in number strength weight

269

Pristine

a original ; unspoiled ; pure

270

Procrastination

keeping on putting off

271

Prodigy

n an extremely talented child; an extraordinary accomplishment or occurrence; wonder /

272

Propagation

increasing the number spreading extending

273

Proprietary

a characteristic of an owner of property; constituting property

274

Prosaic

a dull; unimaginative; like prose as opposed to poetry

275

Protracted

prolonged

276

Provident

a preparing for the future; providing for the future; frugal

277

Punitive

Punishing

278

Purvey

provide supply

279

Pyre

large pile of wood for burning

280

Qualified

limited; restricted

281

Querulous

a complaining; grumbling; whining ;

282

Rant

use extravagant language

283

Rapacious

a greedy; plundering; avaricious

284

Rarefy

to make thin to make less dense to purify or refine

285

Rave

act with excessive enthusiasm

286

Rebuke

v to criticize sharply

287

Recalcitrant

a stubbornly defiant of authority or control; disobedient

288

Recant

v to publicly take back and deny something previously said or believed; to openly confess error

289

Recuperate

become strong after illness loss exhaustion

290

Redolent

a fragrant fragrant

291

Regale

to delight or entertain to feast

292

Reiterate

v to say again; to repeat

293

Remonstrate

v to argue against; to protest; to raise objections

294

Render

deliver provide represent

295

Renounce

v to give up formally or resign; to disown; to have nothing to do with anymore

296

Repel

refuse to accept/cause dislike

297

Reprehensible

a worthy of blame or censure

298

Reproach

v to scold usually in disappointment; to blame; to disgrace

299

Requisite

required necessary

300

Requite

repay give in return

301

Resigned

unresisting submissive

302

Retinue

following; attendants

303

Retrograde

receding

304

Rivet

fix take up secure metal pin

305

Rudimentary

a basic; crude; unformed or undeveloped ;

306

Sacrosanct

a sacred; held to be inviolable

307

Sagacious

a discerning; shrewd; keen in judgment; wise

308

Sanctimony

self-righteousness hypocritical with FALSE piety

309

Sanity

health of mind soundness of judgment

310

Sardonic

a mocking; scornful

311

Sash

long strip worn round the waist

312

Saturate

soak thoroughly

313

Savant

person of great learning

314

Scintillate

v to sparkle either literally or figuratively

315

Scorch

become discolored/dry up/go at high speed

316

Scribble

write hastily

317

Sedition

n treason; the incitement of public disorder or rebellion

318

Sensory

a having to do with the senses or sensation

319

Sententious

short and pithy full of maxims/proverbs

320

Sentient

a able to perceive by the senses; conscious ...

321

Severance

severing

322

Shunned

avoided, kept away from

323

Shunt

send from one track to another lay aside evade discussion

324

Sidestep

step to one side

325

Singular

unique; superior; exceptional; strange

326

Slack

sluggish dull not tight

327

Slur

join sounds/words (indistinct)

328

Snare

trap

329

Soggy

heavy with water

330

Soot

black powder in smoke

331

Sophomoric

self-assured though immature affected bombastic overblown

332

Soporific

sleeping inducing; extremely boring; very sleepy

333

Stanch

to stop the flow of a fluid

334

Static

stationary; not changing or moving

335

Steadfast

loyal; faithful loyal faithful

336

Stigmatize

to brand with disgrace; to set a mark of disgrace upon

337

Sting

something sharp

338

Stint

to be thrifty to set limits

339

Stoic

indifferent at least outwardly to pleasure or pain to joy or grief to fortune or misfortune

340

Stolid

dull; impassive; showing no emotion

341

Stride

walk with long steps

342

Strife

bitter conflict; discord; a struggle or clash

343

Stygian

hence dark gloomy

344

Submerge

put under water liquid sink out of sight

345

Substantiation

giving facts to support (statement)

346

Suffocate

cause or have difficulty in breathing

347

Sundry

various miscellaneous separate

348

Suppliant

asking humbly beseeching

349

Surfeit

excess; an excessive amount; excess or overindulgence in eating or drinking

350

Tarnished

lost brightness

351

Taut

tightly stretched

352

Temperance

abstinence from alcohol self-control moderation

353

Tenacity

firmness persistency adhesiveness tending to hang on

354

Tentative

experimental; temporary; uncertain

355

Theology

the study of god or religion

356

Thrift

care economy thriving prosperous

357

Timid

shy easily frightened

358

Torment

severe pain or suffering

359

Treacherous

not to be trusted, perfidious

360

Trite

not new

361

Ulterior

situated beyond

362

Umbrage

offense resentment

363

Uncouth

rough awkward

364

Unctuous

oily both literally and figuratively; insincere

365

Undermine

weaken gradually at the base make something under

366

Unfeigned

not pretended sincere

367

Upbraid

scold reproach

368

Utilitarian

stressing usefulness or utility above all other qualities; pragmatic

369

Vacillate

to be indecisive; to waver ;

370

Vacillation

being uncertain hesitating

371

Variegate

To mark with different shade or colors

372

Venal

capable of being bribed; willing to do anything for money; corrupt

373

Veneer

surface appearance covering the TRUE nature

374

Verdant

fresh and green

375

Verisimilitude

similarity to reality; the appearance of truth; looking like real thing

376

Vex

to annoy; to pester; to confuse

377

Virago

a loud domineering woman a scold or nag

378

Vitiate

to make impure; to pollute

379

Vitriolic

caustic; full of bitterness

380

Vivacious

lively high-spirited

381

Volition

will; conscious choice

382

Warranted

justified; authorized

383

Wary

very cautious

384

Weigh

measure hoe heavy something is

385

Writ

written order

386

Xenophile (Zen-Uh-Fahyl)

a person who is attracted to foreign peoples cultures