GRE04 From0598-0797 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in GRE04 From0598-0797 Deck (200):
1

astigmatism

eye defect which prevents proper focus; OP. stigmatism

2

prodigious

enormous; marvelous; extraordinary; Ex. prodigious amount/memory

3

legacy

gift made by a will; something handed down from an ancestor

4

compunction

remorse; strong uneasiness caused by guilt

5

buccaneer

pirate

6

chassis

framework and working parts of an automobile; framework to which components are attached

7

residual

remaining; left over; of a residue; N: residue

8

satirical

using satire; mocking

9

decimate

kill (usually one out of ten or every tenth man); destroy or kill a large part of

10

sleek

smooth and shining (as from good health); V.

11

regal

royal; of a monarch; Ex. regal manner

12

retrieve

recover; put right; find and bring in; regain; Ex. retrieve the situation

13

gust

strong abrupt rush of wind; V. CF. bluster

14

polity

(particular form of) political organization; form of government of nation or state; Ex. student polity

15

vacillate

waver (in opinion); fluctuate; sway to and fro; N. vacillation

16

pervert

corrupt; turn from right to wrong; misuse; Ex. perverted sexual desire/scientific knowledge; N: person whose sexual behavior is not natural

17

voluble

fluent; talkative; glib; N. volubility

18

ascertain

find out for certain; make certain

19

incur

bring upon oneself

20

lien

legal claim or right on a property

21

practicable

feasible

22

foreboding

premonition of evil; feeling of coming evil; V. forebode: be a warning of (something unpleasant)

23

ameliorate

improve

24

unguent

ointment

25

platonic

purely spiritual; theoretical; without sensual desire

26

amenities

convenient features that helps to make life pleasant; social courtesies

27

preponderance

superiority of power, quantity, etc.; V. preponderate: be greater in power, weight, or importance; ADJ. preponderant

28

shoot

new growth from a plant

29

static

having no motion; unchanging; lacking development; N. stasis: stable state

30

spruce

neat and trim in appearance; smart; Ex. Be spruce for your job interview; V.

31

cremate

incinerate (a corpse); N. crematory, crematorium

32

disclose

reveal; N. disclosure

33

impromptu

without previous preparation; off the cuff(end of a sleeve); on the spur of the moment

34

facile

easily accomplished; ready or fluent; superficial; not deep; Ex. facile solution to a complex problem; Ex. facile speaker; N. facility: ability to do something easily and well; ease in doing resulting from skill or aptitude; something that facilitates an action; amenity; Ex. with great facility

35

whim

sudden capricious idea; fancy

36

foresight

ability to foresee future happenings; prudence in providing for the future

37

corpuscle

red or white cell in the blood

38

commonwealth

nation governed by the people; republic; people of a nation

39

diurnal

daily; occurring during the daytime

40

parity

equality; close resemblance; CF. disparate

41

trough

long narrow container for feeding farm animals; lowest point (of a wave, business cycle, etc.); long narrow depression as between waves

42

energize

invigorate; give energy to; make forceful and active

43

pucker

gather into wrinkles or folds; N: wrinkle or fold

44

cartographer

map-maker

45

medley

mixture

46

tenant

one that pays rent to use property owned by another

47

damn

condemn; criticize severely; condemn to everlasting punishment; doom; bring to ruin; N. damnation

48

dowdy

untidy (of a woman or clothes); slovenly; dressed in an unattractive way; shabby; CF. unattractive woman

49

turbid

(of a liquid) having the sediment disturbed; muddy; thick

50

aphorism

pithy maxim or saying; ADJ. aphoristic

51

probity

uprightness; honesty; incorruptibility

52

monastic

related to monks or monasteries; removed from worldly concerns

53

whet

sharpen; stimulate;

54

terminus

last stop of railroad; end

55

didactic

(of speech or writing) intended to teach a moral lesson; teaching; instructional; N. didacticism

56

duplicity

double-dealing; hypocrisy; being dishonest and deceitful; ADJ. duplicitous

57

intrepid

fearless

58

vertex

summit; highest point; PL. vertices

59

perspicuity

clearness of expression; freedom from ambiguity

60

filigree

delicate ornamental lacelike metalwork

61

misogamy

hatred of marriage

62

humor

indulge; comply with the wishes of; N. quality that makes something amusing; state of mind; mood; Ex. in a bad humor; Ex. out of humor

63

precocious

advanced in development; N. precocity

64

feebleminded

deficient in intelligence; very stupid

65

martyr

one who voluntarily suffers death for his or her religion or cause; great sufferer; Ex. martyr to his rheumatism

66

stipulate

state as a necessary condition (of an agreement); make express conditions; specify; Ex. He stipulated payment in advance

67

meticulous

excessively careful (with great attention to detail); painstaking; scrupulous

68

incapacitate

disable; N. incapacity: lack of capacity

69

disburse

pay out (as from a fund); N. disbursement; CF. purse

70

ephemeral

short-lived; fleeting

71

distend

expand; swell out

72

felicitous

(of a word or remark) apt; suitably expressed; well chosen

73

conclave

private secret meeting

74

petty

trivial; unimportant; very small; small-minded; petty-minded

75

exiguous

small in amount; minute

76

pastiche

imitation of another's style in musical composition or in writing; work of art openly imitating the works of other artists

77

ransack

search thoroughly; pillage (going through a place); Ex. Enemy soldiers ransacked the town.

78

estranged

separated; alienated; V. estrange: alienate (people in a family); N. estrangement

79

encompass

surround; include; Ex. His activities encompass publishing and computers.

80

unseemly

unbecoming; not proper in behavior; indecent; Ex. leave with unseemly haste

81

truism

self-evident truth

82

obscure

dark; vague; unclear; not well known; Ex. obscure meaning/village; V: darken; cover; make unclear; Ex. obscure the moon/meaning

83

quandary

dilemma; state of uncertainty; Ex. She is in a quandary about whether to go.

84

brackish

somewhat saline

85

appease

pacify or soothe; Ex. appease a crying baby; N. appeasement

86

uniformity

sameness; monotony; ADJ. uniform: the same all over

87

recumbent

reclining; lying down completely or in part

88

dissension

disagreement of opinions causing strife within a group

89

rally

come or bring together; call up or summon (forces, vital powers, etc.); revive or recuperate (after illness or difficulty); N: act of rallying; mass gathering

90

reprobation

severe disapproval; CF. approbation

91

pragmatist

practical person; N. pragmatism: pragmatic way of dealing with things

92

curfew

regulation requiring all people to leave the streets at stated times; signal (as a bell) announcing the hour of a curfew

93

acuity

sharpness (of mind or senses of sight or hearing)

94

nonchalance

indifference; lack of concern; composure; ADJ. nonchalant: unconcerned; cool; indifferent; Ex. nonchalant attitude to his debts

95

muted

silent; muffled; toned down; Ex. muted traffic noise

96

chaste

morally pure; virginal; abstaining from illicit sexual acts; modest; simple (of a style of writing); not highly decorated; austere

97

rig

fix or manipulate; manipulate dishonestly for personal gain; Ex. rig the election

98

tryst

meeting arranged by lovers; arrangement between lovers to meet

99

enigma

puzzle; mystery; ADJ. enigmatic: obscure; puzzling

100

dubious

questionable; (of something) causing doubt; (of someone) filled with doubt; N. dubiety

101

execrable

very bad; detestable

102

germinate

cause to sprout; sprout

103

unctuous

oily; bland; insincerely suave

104

percussion

striking one object against another sharply; Ex. percussion instrument; N: striking together of two bodies; sound caused by percussion

105

onslaught

vicious assault; fierce attack; Ex. unexpected onslaught of the enemy

106

saccharine

cloying sweet; characteristic of sugar or saccharin

107

mercantile

concerning trade or merchants

108

hireling

one who serves for hire (usually used contemptuously); one who works solely for compensation; Ex. hireling politician

109

demented

insane; wacky

110

ambiguous

unclear or doubtful in meaning; having more than one possible interpretation

111

wince

move back suddenly; shrink back; flinch; Ex. She winced as she touched the cold body.

112

din

continued loud noise; V: make a din; instill by wearying repetition

113

auroral

pertaining to the aurora borealis; CF. aurora australis

114

gustatory

affecting or relating to the sense of taste

115

intermittent

periodic; on and off; stopping and starting at intervals

116

resplendent

brilliant; splendid in appearance; dazzling; glorious

117

obsequy

funeral ceremony

118

contention

assertion; claim; thesis; struggling; competition

119

refuse

anything discarded or rejected as worthless; trash

120

dispense

distribute; prepare and give out (medicines); N. dispensation: dispensing; religious system; official exemption from an obligation or a rule

121

perennial

something long-lasting; perennial plant; ADJ: lasting through the year or many years; lasting for a long time; enduring

122

peripheral

of a periphery; marginal; outer; of minor importance; not central; Ex. peripheral nerve/interest

123

cantata

story set to music to be sung by a chorus (shorter than an oratorio)

124

optometrist

one who fits glasses to remedy visual defects

125

gentility

those of gentle birth; high social class; refinement; quality of being genteel

126

regimen

prescribed course of diet or exercise; prescribed diet and habits; Ex. daily regimen of a dancer

127

gratis

free; without charge; ADJ.

128

legato

(of music) played smoothly

129

extrovert

person interested mostly in external objects and actions

130

rolling

(of land) rising and falling in long gentle slopes; happening continuously by stages; Ex. rolling devolution of power to local governments

131

denizen

(animal, person, or plant) inhabitant or resident of a particular place; regular visitor

132

modicum

limited quantity; small amount; Ex. He does not have a modicum of sense; CF. moderate

133

illusive

deceiving; based on illusion; causing illusion; deceptive

134

serenity

calmness; placidity; ADJ. serene

135

libidinous

lustful

136

bigot

one who is intolerant (in matters of religion or politics)

137

forthright

straightforward; direct; frank

138

unique

without an equal; single in kind

139

beleaguer

besiege or attack (with an army); harass; beset

140

paucity

scarcity; dearth

141

succinct

brief, terse, compact

142

paraphrase

restate a passage in one's own words while retaining thought of author; N: restatement of a text in other words

143

whelp

young animal (esp. of the dog or cat family); young wolf, dog, tiger, etc.

144

iniquitous

wicked; immoral; unrighteous; N. iniquity; Ex. den of iniquity

145

disparity

difference; condition of inequality; OP. parity

146

induce

persuade; lead to do something; bring about; N. inducement

147

transgression

violation of a law; sin; V. transgress: go beyond (a limit); violate; do wrong

148

theocracy

government run by religious leaders

149

unbridled

violent; uncontrolled; Ex. unbridled rage/greed

150

betroth

become engaged to marry

151

reciprocal

mutual; given and received in return; exchangeable; interacting; Ex. reciprocal trade agreement

152

inkling

hint; slight indication

153

spatial

relating to space

154

eulogistic

praising; full of eulogy

155

severity

harshness; intensity; sternness; austerity; ADJ. severe: harsh; strict; extremely violent or intense

156

ardor

heat; passion; zeal; ADJ. ardent

157

endearment

fond word or act; expression of affection

158

inerrancy

infallibility

159

merger

combination (of two business corporations); act of merging

160

proscribe

prohibit; ostracize; banish; outlaw

161

pedigree

ancestry; lineage

162

secular

worldly; not pertaining to church matters or religion; temporal

163

mulct

defraud a person of something; swindle; Ex. mulct the boy of his legacy

164

stifle

suppress; extinguish; inhibit; smother or suffocate

165

credulity

belief on slight evidence; gullibility; naivet\'e; ADJ. credulous

166

presentiment

premonition; foreboding; feeling something will happen; anticipatory fear

167

ossify

change or harden into bone; become hard and unchanging in one's ideas

168

imprecation

curse; swearword

169

galleon

large three-masted sailing ship

170

fuddle

make stupid or confused as with alcholic drink; N. in a fuddle: confused

171

mace

ceremonial staff used as a symbol of authority; clublike medieval weapon

172

humility

humbleness of spirit

173

erudite

(of a person or book) learned; full of learning; scholarly; N. erudition

174

impugn

dispute or contradict (often in an insulting way); attack as false or questionable; challenge; gainsay; CF. fight

175

quiver

case for arrows

176

orient

get one's bearings; adjust; make familiar with a situation; orientate

177

high-flown

highly pretentious or inflated

178

flay

strip off skin; plunder; remove the skin from; criticize harshly

179

unction

the act of anointing with oil; Ex. extreme unction

180

offhand

casual; done without prior thought or preparation

181

retroactive

taking effect before its enactment (as a law) or imposition (as a tax); (of a law) having effect on the past as well as the future

182

perspicuous

(of something) plainly expressed; easy to understand; Ex. perspicuous comments

183

swill

drink greedily

184

mausoleum

monumental tomb; large stately tomb; CF. Mausolos

185

pontifical

pertaining to a bishop or pope; pompous or pretentious; CF. pontiff: pope; bishop

186

faculty

mental or bodily powers; teaching staff

187

effusion

pouring forth; unrestrained outpouring of feeling; V. effuse: pour out; ADJ. effusive: pouring forth; gushing

188

flick

light stroke as with a whip; V: move with a light quick blow; strike with a light quick blow (as from a whip); Ex. flick the switch

189

mutablility

ability to change in form; fickleness; ADJ. mutable: able to change; fickle; CF. mutate; CF. mutant

190

resignation

patiently submissiveness; statement that one is quitting a job; ADJ. resigned: acquiescent

191

revert

relapse; backslide; turn back to; return to the former owner; N. reversion

192

nettle

irritate; annoy; vex; ADJ. nettlesome

193

sneak

move, give, or take in a quiet, stealthy way; N: one who sneaks; ADJ. sneaky

194

eclipse

darken; extinguish; outshine; surpass; cause an eclipse

195

manipulate

operate with one's hands; control or play upon (people, forces, etc.) artfully; maneuver; Ex. how to manipulate publicity and men; ADJ. manipulative

196

artless

without guile; open and honest

197

repercussion

rebound; reaction; reverberation; Ex. serious repercussion

198

weather

pass safely through (a storm or difficult period); endure the effects of weather or other forces

199

archives

public records; place where public records are kept

200

trite

hackneyed; commonplace