GRE07 From1195-1394 Flashcards Preview

GRE 4000 words > GRE07 From1195-1394 > Flashcards

Flashcards in GRE07 From1195-1394 Deck (200):
1

gratuity

tip

2

adulterate

make impure or of poorer quality by adding inferior or tainted(contaminated) substances

3

tenacity

firmness; persistence

4

swarthy

(of a skin or complexion) dark; dusky; Ex. swarthy Italian ?

5

refute

disprove; prove to be false; N. refutation

6

maelstrom

violent whirlpool; violent or tublent situation; CF. stream

7

slither

slip or slide

8

metamorphosis

change of form; Ex. metamorphosis of caterpillar to butterfly; V. metamorphose: change by metamorphosis

9

insalubrious

unwholesome; not healthful; Ex. insalubrious place

10

prim

proper to the point of affectation; very precise and formal; exceedingly proper

11

diverge

vary; go in different directions from the same point; ADJ. divergent: differing; deviating

12

rapture

great joy and delight; ecstasy; ADJ. rapturous

13

indices

signs; indications; Ex. indices of a student's potential; CF. index: something that reveals or indicates; sign; Ex. cost-of-living index

14

travesty

copy or example of something that completely misrepresents the true nature of the real thing; comical parody or imitation; treatment aimed at making something appear ridiculous; Ex. travesty of justice; OP. paragon

15

violate

break (a law); defile; desecrate; assault sexually; Ex. violate graves

16

nauseous

causing nausea; feeling nausea

17

terminal

part that forms the end; railroad or bus station; ADJ. forming an end; ending in death; fatal; Ex. terminal cancer

18

punctilious

minutely attentive (perhaps too much so) to fine points; stressing niceties of conduct or form; N. punctilio, punctiliousness: careful attention payed to every small exact detail

19

silt

sediment deposited by running water (at the entrance to a harbor or by a bend in a river)

20

grimace

facial distortion to show feeling such as pain, disgust, etc; V.

21

pedantic

bookish; showing off learning; marked by an excessive ostentatious concern for book learning; N. pedantry

22

seduce

lead away from proper conduct; entice; ADJ. seductive

23

emanate

issue forth; come out

24

brusque

blunt; abrupt; curt; not wanting to waste time being nice

25

conscientious

scrupulous; through and careful; Ex. conscientious worker

26

subsistence

existence; means of subsisting; means of support; livelihood; V. subsist: exist; maintain life (at a meager level)

27

belabor

harp on; dwell on tediously; explain or go over excessively or to a ridiculous degree; assail verbally; beat severely; attack physically

28

prophetic

of a prophet or prophecy; having to do with predicting the future; N. prophecy; V. prophesy; N. prophet

29

ample

enough; abundant; spacious; large in size; Ex. ample opportunity/garden; N. amplitude: quality of being ample; abundance; largeness of space

30

mealymouthed

indirect in speech (when something unpleasant must be said); hypocritical; evasive

31

revoke

cancel; retract; CF. irrevocable

32

extraneous

not essential; irrelevant; superfluous; external; coming from the outside; Ex. extraneous details/noise/to the subject

33

vertigo

severe dizziness; giddiness

34

masquerade

wear a mask or disguise; pretend; N: costume party or ball at which masks are worn; pretense; disguise

35

partisan

one-sided; prejudiced; committed to a party (with dislike of any others); N: strong supporter of a party; guerrilla

36

recital

act of reciting publicly; detailed account; performance of music or dance (by a solo performer)

37

disengage

uncouple; separate; disconnect; stop fighting; OP. engage

38

chuckle

laugh quietly

39

callow

youthful; immature; inexperienced

40

stodgy

dull; stuffy; boringly conservative; Ex. stodgy book

41

introspective

looking within oneself; N. introspection: self-examination

42

longevity

long life; long duration

43

impenitent

not repentant

44

muggy

(of weather) warm and damp

45

circuit

closed circular line around an area; circumference; regularly repeated journey from place to place

46

ascetic

practicing self-denial; avoiding physical pleasures and comforts; austere; Ex. ascetic life of Buddhist monks; N. asceticism

47

hideous

repulsive to the sight; ugly; repugnant; Ex. hideous face/scream

48

accost

approach and speak first to a person

49

animadversion

critical remark; V. animadvert: comment critically with disapproval

50

lionize

treat (a person) as a celebrity

51

mason

one who builds or works with stone or brick; N. masonry: work of a mason; stonework or brickwork

52

coax

persuade by flattery

53

misadventure

mischance; ill luck; Ex. death by misadventure

54

ostracize

banish from a group; exclude from public favor; ban; Ex. His friends ostracized him. N. ostracism

55

vaporize

turn into vapor (steam, gas, fog, etc.)

56

pilfer

steal things of small value; filch; snitch

57

spectrum

colored band produced when a beam of light passes through a prism; broad and continuous range; Ex. whole spectrum of modern thoughts

58

conducive

helpful; contributive; V. conduce; Ex. conduce to/towards

59

feud

bitter prolonged quarrel (usually between two peoples or families); V. CF. Romeo and Juliet; CF. feudal, feudalism

60

chimerical

fantastically improbable; highly unrealistic; N. chimera: unreal fancy; fire-breathing female creature

61

provenance

place of origin; origin or source of something; Ex. Gunpowder is of Chinese provenance; CF. come

62

acerbity

bitterness of speech and temper; ADJ. acerbic: bitter; acrid (in taste, manner, or tone)

63

quarantine

isolation of a person, place, or ship to prevent spread of infection; V: isolate in quarantine

64

liability

drawback; handicap; debts; obligation; responsibility; condition of being liable; ADJ. liable: likely; responsible (for paying)

65

exact

demand and obtain by force; Ex. exact a promise from him; N. exaction

66

humanitarian

one devoted to the promotion of human welfare; CF. humanism

67

topple

become unsteady and fall down

68

arrhythmic

lacking rhythm or regularity; N. arrhythmia

69

lechery

gross lewdness; lustfulness; ADJ. lecherous; N. lecher: lecherous man

70

frolic

play and jump about happily; frisk; Ex. frolicking young lambs

71

inveigle

deceive; lead astray by deception; wheedle(cajole); Ex. inveigle her into joining the club; CF. interest dishonestly

72

belittle

disparage; depreciate

73

monograph

scholarly article

74

requisition

formal demand or request; Ex. requisition for more computing equipment; V.

75

definitive

most reliable; authorative and complete; that cannot be improved; conclusive; decisive; definite; Ex. definitive decision by the supreme court

76

amenable

obedient; compliant; readily managed; responsive; willing to be led; answerable or accountable legally; responsible; able to be tested by; Ex. amenable to sensible suggestions; Ex. He is very amenable; Ex. amenable to the usual tests

77

parry

ward off a blow; deflect; Ex. He parried the unwelcome question very skillfully; N. CF. ¸·´Â´Ù´Â °³³äÀÌ ¾Æ´Ô

78

euphoria

feeling of exaggerated or unfounded(ungrounded; baseless) well-being; feeling of great happiness or well-being (when unreasonable); ADJ. euphoriaric

79

momentous

very important; N. moment; CF. momentary

80

slough

(of a snake) shed or cast off (dead outer skin); N: outer layer that is shed

81

raze

destroy completely; Ex. raze the city to the ground

82

carcinogenic

causing cancer; N. carcinogen

83

entomology

study of insects

84

remittance

remitting of money; amount of money remitted

85

dummy

imitation of a real object used as a substitute; effigy

86

plagiarize

steal another's ideas or writings and pass them off as one's own; Ex. ideas plagiarized from my article; N. plagiarism; CF. kidnap

87

yield

amount produced; crop; income on investment; profit obtained from an investment; V: produce; give in; surrender

88

gape

open widely; slack-jawed in wonder ; open the mouth wide; stare wonderingly with the mouth open; CF. agape

89

construe

explain; interpret; Ex. construe her silence as meaning that she agreed; CF. misconstrue

90

statutory

created by statute or legislative action; regulated by statute; Ex. statutory age limit

91

carillon

a set of bells (often in a tower) capable of being played

92

anthropomorphic

having human form or characteristics

93

sinuous

twisting; winding; bending in and out; not morally honest

94

outrage

act of extreme violence or viciousness; resentful anger; V: commit an outrage on; produce anger in; ADJ. outrageous: offensive

95

recalcitrant

disobedient or resisting authority even after being punished; obstinately stubborn; determined to resist authority; unruly; Ex. recalcitrant child

96

invalid

one incapacitated(disabled) by a chronic illness; ADJ: incapacitated by illness; not valid; null; V: allow to leave (a military force) because of ill-health

97

temperament

characteristic frame of mind; disposition; emotional excess; ADJ. temperamental: of temperament; having frequent changes of temper; Ex. temperamental dislike of sports; Ex. temperamental actress

98

headlong

hasty; rash; headfirst; ADV.

99

buffet

strike forcefully; slap; batter; knock out; N: table with food set out for people to server themselves; meal at which people help themselves to food that's been set

100

discriminate

distinguish; make distinctions on the basis of preference

101

manifold

many in number or kind; numerous; varied

102

odium

detestation; quality of being odious; hatefulness; disrepute (resulting from hateful conduct)

103

conformity

harmony; agreement with established rules or customs; similarity; Ex. behave in conformity with; V. conform: be similar; act in agreement; comply; Ex. conform to the rule; CF. conformance

104

caprice

whim; sudden change of mind without any real cause

105

apothegm

pithy, compact saying

106

abash

embarrass

107

repository

storehouse

108

cadaver

corpse; dead human body

109

drab

dull; lacking color; cheerless ; Ex. drab coat/life

110

extrude

force or push out; thrust out; shape (plastic or metal) by forcing through a die

111

tremulous

trembling; wavering

112

craven

cowardly

113

cascade

small waterfall

114

taut

tight; strained; tense; ready; OP. slack

115

recourse

resorting to help when in trouble; Ex. without recourse to

116

prolixity

tedious wordiness; verbosity; ADJ. prolix: wordy; verbose; diffuse

117

glimmer

shine erratically; twinkle; N: dim or unsteady light; faint indication; Ex. glimmer of hope

118

withstand

stand up against; resist successfully

119

heresy

opinion contrary to popular belief; opinion contrary to accepted religion; ADJ. heretical; CF. heretic

120

willful

wilful; intentional; headstrong

121

flaccid

flabby; lacking firmness; weak; Ex. flaccid muscles

122

fleet

fast; rapid; N. ADJ. fleeting: passing quickly; ephemeral

123

extort

wring from; get money by threats, etc.; obtain by force or threats; CF. extortionate: exorbitant

124

inception

start; beginning

125

enterprising

full of initiative; showing enterprise

126

rooster

cock; adult male chicken

127

congruent

in agreement; harmonious; corresponding; coinciding exactly; CF. congruous

128

fancied

imagined; unreal

129

console

lessen sadness or disappointment; give comfort; allay the sorrow of; N. consolation

130

declivity

downward slope

131

sanguinary

bloody; with much bloodshed

132

addle

make or become confused; muddle; drive crazy; become rotten (egg)

133

odyssey

long, eventful, adventurous journey

134

affected

artificial; pretended

135

censure

blame; criticize; express strong disapproval; N: severe criticism; strong disapproval

136

loath

reluctant; unwilling; disinclined; Ex. Romeo and Juliet were both loath for him to go.

137

trifle

something of little importance or value; small amount; Ex. a trifle; V: treat without seriousness; flirt

138

trickle

flow in drops or in a thin stream; N.

139

glean

gather leavings; gather grain left behind by reapers; gather bit by bit (facts or information) often with difficulty

140

surly

bad-tempered; rude; cross

141

orientation

act of finding oneself in society; orienting

142

gorge

narrow canyon; steep rocky cleft; ravine (made by a stream which runs through it)

143

dilemma

situation that requires a choice between equally unfavorable options; problem; choice of two unsatisfactory alternatives

144

lurk

stealthily lie in waiting; slink; exist unperceived

145

irrefutable

indisputable; incontrovertible; undeniable

146

incorrigible

uncorrectable

147

collected

composed; calm; self-possessed

148

fracas

brawl(noisy quarrel or fight) in which a number of people take part; melee

149

menace

threat; V: threaten

150

sham

pretend; feign; ADJ: not genuine; fake; Ex. sham jewelry; N: something that is not what it appears; impostor; pretense; Ex. The agreement was a sham.

151

impertinent

insolent; rude; not pertinent; N. impertinence

152

confiscate

seize; take possession of (private property) by official order (usu. as a punishment); commandeer

153

studied

carefully contrived; calculated; unspontaneous; deliberate; thoughtful; Ex. studied remark

154

affluence

abundance; wealth

155

immaculate

spotless; flawless; absolutely clean

156

rift

narrow opening in a large mass; break in a friendly relation; Ex. through a rift in the clouds; OP. reconcilation

157

acumen

mental keenness; sharpness of judgment; ability to judge quickly and well; Ex. business acumen

158

ramification

branching out; subdivision; one branch of a system; one of the results following from an action or decision; Ex. ramifications of a business/the decision

159

compassion

sympathy for the suffering of others; ADJ. compassionate

160

hail

frozen rain drop; V: salute or greet; precipitate hail

161

sublime

causing deep feelings of wonder, joy, respect, etc.; exalted; noble and uplifting; utter

162

exceptionable

objectionable; likely to cause dislike; offensive; CF. unexceptionable: entirely acceptable

163

tenure

holding of an office or real estate; time during which such an office is held

164

indomitable

unconquerable; unyielding

165

beseech

beg; plead with

166

suspense

state of being undecided; anxiety or apprehension resulting from uncertainty

167

synthesis

combining parts or separate things into a whole; the whole so formed; PL. syntheses; V. synthesize

168

hut

crude dwelling; shack

169

assail

assault

170

repartee

quick clever reply

171

tawny

brownish yellow

172

reimburse

repay; pay back

173

ethnology

study of humankind; study of the different races of human beings; CF. anthropology

174

pronounced

distinct; very noticeable; Ex. pronounced limp

175

swear

vow; promise; use profane oaths; use offensive words

176

ligneous

like wood

177

plumb

exactly vertical; N: weight on the end of a line; V: examine very carefully or critically in order to understand; measure depth (by sounding); Ex. plumb the depth of

178

beneficiary

person entitled to benefits or proceeds of an insurance policy or will

179

pinnace

small boat

180

connubial

pertaining to marriage or the matrimonial state

181

meretricious

flashy; tawdry; attractive on the surface but of no real value; Ex. metericious argument/jewel; CF. prostitute

182

brittle

hard but easily broken; difficult; unstable; Ex. brittle situation

183

sordid

filthy; foul; base; vile; Ex. sordid bed/story

184

dowry

money or property brought by a bride to her husband at marriage

185

evasive

not frank; trying to hide the truth; eluding; evading; V. evade: avoid (a duty or responsibility) or escape from by deceit

186

pendulous

hanging; suspended

187

perjury

false testimony while under oath; V. perjure oneself: testify falsely under oath

188

fanciful

whimsical; visionary; imaginary; produced by imagination; Ex. fanciful scheme

189

impending

nearing; approaching; about to happen

190

vigor

active strength; energy; enthusiasm; ADJ. vigorous

191

beneficial

helpful; useful; advantageous

192

asinine

stupid; Ex. asinine remarks

193

staccato

played in an abrupt manner; marked by abrupt sharp sound; Ex. staccato applause

194

ornithologist

scientific student of birds; N. ornithology: scientific study of birds

195

mystic

of hidden meaning and spiritual power; Ex. mystic ceremonies; N. CF. mysticism

196

unkempt

disheveled; uncared for in appearance; not combed; CF. comb

197

grim

causing great fear; unrelenting; determined in spite of fear; Ex. grim smile

198

obsequious

slavishly attentive; servile; full of servile compliance; sycophantic

199

dissolution

disintegration; reduction to a liquid form; looseness in morals; sensual indulgence; debauchery; ADJ. dissolute: lacking in moral restraint; leading an immoral life

200

headfirst

moving with the head leading; headlong