GRE08 From1394-1593 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in GRE08 From1394-1593 Deck (200):
1

headfirst

moving with the head leading; headlong

2

refulgent

effulgent; brilliant; brightly shining; gleaming; Ex. refulgent moon

3

deposition

testimony under oath; deposing; dethroning

4

impassioned

(of speech) filled with passion; fervent

5

immutable

unchangeable

6

rational

(of a person) having reason; (of ideas) based on reason; logical

7

cordial

warmly friendly; gracious; heartfelt; Ex. cordial welcome

8

replenish

fill up again

9

nominal

in name only; of a name; trifling; (of a sum of money) very small; CF. nominate: propose as a candidate; appoint

10

orifice

mouthlike opening; small opening (esp. to a cavern or passage of the body); CF. mouth

11

insuperable

insurmountable; unbeatable; Ex. insuperable difficulties

12

expeditious

done with speed; quick; N. expedition

13

satiate

satisfy fully (physical needs such as hunger); sate; N. satiety: condition of being satiated

14

nonentity

person of no importance; nonexistence

15

travail

strenuous work; toil; painful labor; labor of childbirth

16

symmetry

arrangement of parts so that balance is obtained; congruity; ADJ. symmetrical

17

endue

provide with some quality; endow

18

consternation

great shock; dismay

19

detrimental

harmful; damaging; N. detriment

20

colander

utensil with perforated bottom used for straining

21

tantrum

fit of bad temper; fit of petulance; caprice; Ex. The child went into tantrums.

22

befuddle

confuse thoroughly

23

ruddy

reddish; (of the face) reddish and healthy-looking

24

anarchy

absence of governing body; state of disorder

25

elixir

cure-all; panacea; something invigorating

26

hostage

person who is kept as a prisoner by an enemy so that the other side will do what the enemy demands

27

boor

rude, insensitive person

28

congruence

correspondence of parts; harmonious relationship; CF. congruity

29

disconcert

confuse; upset; embarrass; perturb

30

gratuitous

given freely; unwarranted; uncalled for; done without good reason; Ex. gratuitous comment

31

pedestal

support or base as for a pillar or statue

32

prosody

art of versification; study of the metrical structure of verse

33

epaulet(epaulette)

ornament worn on the shoulder (of a uniform, etc.)

34

discerning

mentally quick and observant; having insight; perceptive; able to make good judgments; V. discern: perceive

35

condescend

(derog.) bestow courtesies with a superior air; descend to the level of one considered inferior

36

candor

frankness; open honesty; ADJ. candid

37

spurious

false; counterfeit; forged; illogical; Ex. spurious arguments

38

exploit

brave and successful act; deed or action, particularly a brave deed; CF. crossing the Atlantic ocean

39

waif

homeless child or animal; Ex. waifs and strays

40

avenge

take vengence for something or on behalf of someone; Ex. They avenged his death by burning the village; Ex. He swore to avenge his brother; Ex. They avenged themselves on their enemy.

41

pulverize

crush or grind into very small particles

42

purse

pucker; contract (lips) into wrinkles; N: wallet

43

flagrant

conspicuously wicked, bad, or offensive; blatant; outrageous

44

caliber

ability; quality; diameter of the inside of a round cylinder; Ex. work of very high caliber

45

numismatist

person who collects coins; N. numismatics: study or collection of money, coins, and medals

46

resurge

rise again; flow to and fro; N. resurgence; ADJ. resurgent: (of ideas or beliefs) experiencing revival; surging again

47

entrance

put under a spell(condition caused by magical power); carry away(fill with strong feeling) with emotion; put into a trance; fill with delight

48

timbre

quality of a musical tone produced by a musical instrument (which distinguishes it from others of the same pitch)

49

resilient

elastic; having the power of springing back; able to recover quickly (as from misfortune)

50

sly

clever in deceiving; secretive; not telling one's intentions

51

jaunty

cheerful and pleased with life; lighthearted; animated; easy and carefree; dapper in appearance; Ex. jaunty person/hat

52

paragon

model of perfection; Ex. paragon of virtue

53

mar

spoil the appearance of

54

fermentation

chemical reaction that splits complex organic compounds; unrest; agitation

55

conglomerate

corporation made up of several different companies in diversified fields; mass of various material gathered together; rock consisting of small stones held together by clay; V.

56

supercilious

haughty; arrogant; condescending; patronizing; CF. eyebrow, cilium

57

colossal

huge

58

adjutant

staff officer assisting the commander; assistant

59

pass_off

present falsely; represent falsely to be

60

artful

exhibiting art or skill; deceitful; cunning; CF. artifice

61

jocund

merry

62

denotation

meaning; distinguishing by name; V. denote: indicate; refer to directly; mean; CF. connotation

63

asymmetric

not identical on both sides of a dividing central line

64

migrant

changing its habitat; wandering; Ex. migrant birds/workers; N: one that migrates

65

discernible

distinguishable; perceivable; Ex. discernible improvement

66

palatial

of or suitable for a palace; magnificent

67

encumber

burden; N. encumbrance

68

yen

strong desire; longing; urge; Ex. yen for travel

69

uxorious

excessively submissive or devoted to one's wife; CF. uxor: wife

70

armada

fleet of warships

71

savant

scholar; learned person; CF. savoir: know

72

phlegmatic

calm and unexcitable; not easily disturbed; CF. phlegm: sticky mucus produced in the respiratory tract

73

apparent

evident; easily seen or understood; appearing as such; Ex. apparent improvement

74

benevolent

generous; charitable; having a wish to do good

75

apologist

one who writes in defense of a cause or institution; N. apologia

76

sinecure

well-paid position with little responsibility; CF. sine cure: without care; CF. San Serif

77

translucent

partly transparent

78

dispassionate

calm; impartial; not influenced by personal feelings

79

spatula

broad-bladed instrument used for spreading or mixing

80

dominant

exercising the most influence; high and easily seen; stronger than the other part of a system; not recessive

81

vie

contend; compete

82

nepotism

favoritism (to a relative); CF. nephew

83

rudimentary

elementary; not developed; crude; N. rudiment: fundamental element or principle; Ex. rudiments of the language

84

allocate

assign; set apart for a particular purpose

85

gadfly

animal-biting fly; irritating person

86

florid

ruddy; (of a complexion) reddish; flowery; very ornate; CF. rose

87

litany

supplicatory prayer; prayer in which the priest calls out and the people replies in the same words

88

tinge

give a slight degree of a color or quality to; N: slight degree of a color or quality; Ex. tinged with grey/jealousy

89

mottled

blotched in coloring; spotted; Ex. mottled face; V. mottle: mark with blotches of different colors

90

phylum

major classification, second to kingdom, of plants and animals; category ranking below a kingdom and above a class; division

91

hapless

unfortunate; luckless

92

bestial

beastlike; brutal; inhuman; very cruel

93

perversion

corruption; turning from right to wrong

94

scurry

move hastily; hurry; move briskly

95

incumbent

obligatory; imposed as an obligation; currently holding an office; N: person who holds an office

96

mordant

biting; sarcastic; stinging; (apprec.) incisive; cutting; Ex. mordant pen/wit

97

attentive

alert and watchful; listening carefully; paying attention; considerate; thoughtful; politely helpful; Ex. attentive audience; Ex. He was attentive to the old lady; N. attentions: act of courtesy and consideration

98

retard

delay (in development); ADJ. retarded: (as of a child) slower in development

99

bombast

grandiloquent, pompous speech

100

conspire

take part in a conspiracy; (of events) work together; combine; Ex. Events conspired to produce great difficulties.

101

reverie

daydream; abstracted musing

102

predecessor

former occupant of a post

103

sedulous

diligent; assiduous; paying attention; N. sedulity

104

licentious

amoral; lewd and lascivious; unrestrained

105

virtue

goodness; moral excellence; good quality; advantage; Ex. by virtue of; Ex. make a virtue of necessity

106

descry

catch sight of (something distant)

107

import

significance; importance; meaning

108

rasp

(of a sound) grate on (eg. nerves); make a harsh noise; have an unpleasant effect; rub with something rough; Ex. The cat's tongue rasped my hand.

109

talon

claw of bird

110

monetary

pertaining to money

111

avantgarde

group of artists whose work is based on the newest ideas and methods; CF. vanguard

112

stellar

pertaining to the stars; of a star performer; outstanding; Ex. stellar attraction of the entire performance

113

tardy

slow; sluggish; not on time; late; Ex. tardy arrival

114

foolhardy

rash; reckless; foolishly daring

115

loll

lounge about

116

bluster

blow in heavy gusts; threaten emptily; bully; speak in a noisy or bullying manner; CF. breeze, gust, gale

117

inclement

stormy; unkind; unmerciful; CF. clement

118

ancestry

family descent; ADJ. ancestral

119

quash

crush; suppress; squash; subdue; annul; Ex. quash a rebellion/the decision of the low court

120

pillory

punish by placing in a wooden frame or pillory; subject or expose to criticism and ridicule; N.

121

dawdle

loiter; hang around; waste time doing nothing

122

partial

incomplete; favoring one side over another; having a liking for something

123

gesticulation

motion; gesture; V. gesticulate: make gestures (while speaking)

124

complaisant

trying to please; obliging; willing to please others

125

gusty

windy

126

prolific

producing offspring or fruit in abundance; fertile; fecund; abundantly fruitful; producing abundant works; Ex. prolific writer

127

monochromatic

having only one color

128

idyll(idyl)

short poem idealizing rural life; simple happy period of life (in the country); scene from such a time; Ex. idyll of two young lovers

129

gloss_over

explain away with the intention of deceiving or hiding faults

130

bulk

size or volume (esp. when very large); main part; Ex. The bulk of the work has already been done; ADJ. bulky: having great size

131

nourishment

something that nourishes; food

132

derision

ridicule; ADJ. derisive; CF. derisory

133

litigation

lawsuit; N. litigant: one party in a lawsuit; V. litigate

134

withdrawn

introverted; retiring; remote

135

imbue

saturate(soak thoroughly); fill; Ex. imbue someone with feelings

136

rotundity

roundness; sonorousness of speech

137

sanctimonious

displaying ostentatious or hypocritical devoutness; N. sanctimony: hypocritical piety

138

plutocracy

society ruled by the wealthy

139

steadfast

steadily loyal; unswerving; steady

140

dribble

flow or fall in drops; let saliva flow out slowly from the mouth; move a ball; N.

141

celibate

abstaining from sexual intercourse; unmarried; N. celibacy

142

inflated

exaggerated; pompous; enlarged (with air or gas)

143

wily

crafty; cunning; artful; N. wile: deceitful stratagem

144

expletive

meaningless word; interjection; profane oath; swear-word

145

functionary

official (who performs a particular function)

146

blue

gloomy; depressed

147

florescence

condition or period of flowering

148

demolition

destruction; V. demolish

149

burlesque

give an imitation that ridicules; imitate mockingly

150

acquiesce

assent; agree passively; comply without protest

151

flail

beat with or as if with a flail; move wildly; thresh grain by hand; strike or slap; toss about; N: threshing tool consisting of a stick swinging from the end of a long handle

152

distinction

honor; excellence; difference; contrast; discrimination; Ex. graduated with distinction; Ex. a writer of real distinction

153

memento

token; reminder of the past; keepsake; Ex. memento of your visit

154

quip

taunt; clever sarcastic remark; V.

155

stump

base of a tree trunk left after the rest has been cut down; V: walk in a heavy manner; baffle; puzzle

156

well-bred

of good upbringing; well-mannered and refined

157

articulate

effective; distinct; expressing ideas clearly; having clear sounds; having joints; Ex. articulate speech; V: express thoughts and feeling clearly; pronounce clearly; unite by joints

158

clandestine

secret

159

indenture

bind as servant or apprentice to master; bind by indenture; N: contract binding one party into the service of another for a specified time (as between an apprentice and his master)

160

oracular

of an oracle; prophetic; uttered as if with divine authority; mysterious or ambiguous; hard to understand; N. oracle: wiser person; prophecy made by an oracle

161

complacency

self-satisfaction; smugness; ADJ. complacent

162

jocose

given to(having a tendency of) joking

163

disquietude

uneasiness; anxiety; V. disquiet: make anxious

164

tumult

commotion of a great crowd; riot; noise; uproar; ADJ. tumultuous: noisy and disorderly

165

stoic

stoical; impassive; unmoved by joy or grief; N. CF. stoicism

166

duration

length of time something lasts

167

evenhanded

impartial; fair

168

ecclesiastic

ecclesiastical; pertaining to the church; N: minister; priest; cleric; clergyman

169

wont

(the stated person's) habit or custom; habitual procedure; ADJ. wonted: customary

170

innovation

change; something newly introduced; introduction of something new; V. innovate: begin or introduce (something new); be creative; ADJ. innovative

171

optimist

person who looks on the bright side; N. optimism

172

trim

make neat or tidy by clipping; reduce by removing what is unnecessary; ornament; decorate (round the edges); Ex. trim the cost; Ex. jacket trimmed with fur; N. ADJ: tidy; in good order

173

dally

trifle with; toy with; treat without the necessary seriousness; procrastinate; waste time

174

shambles

(place or scene of) complete disorder or ruin; wreck; mess; Ex. After the hurricane, the coast was a shambles.

175

despise

look on with scorn; regard as worthless or distasteful; ADJ. despicable: contemptible

176

pertinent

suitable; to the point; relevant

177

pigment

coloring matter (usually powder to be mixed with water or oil)

178

demagogue

person who appeals to people's prejudice; false leader of people; CF. demagoguery

179

blues

state of depression or melancholy; style of slow, mournful music (evolved from southern Black American songs)

180

voyeur

Peeping Tom; person who derives sexual gratification from observing the sexual acts of others

181

stalwart

physically strong; brawny; steadfast; strong in mind or determination; Ex. stalwart supporter; N: stalwart follower

182

chortle

chuckle with delight; N.

183

amiable

agreeable; lovable; warmly friendly

184

botch

mismanage; blow

185

disproportion

lack of proportion (between the parts); ADJ. disproportionate

186

bourgeois

middle class; selfishly materialistic; too interested in material possessions

187

enervate

weaken; take away energy from

188

kinetic

producing motion; of motion

189

pall

become boring; grow tiresome

190

wanton

unrestrained; gratuitously cruel; willfully malicious; unchaste; sexually improper; promiscuous; Ex. wanton spending/killing; CF. having no just cause

191

expatriate

exile; someone who has withdrawn from his native land; V: exile; banish; leave one's country

192

compress

force into less space; squeeze; contract; put into fewer words; N: thick mass of cloth pressed to part of the body to stop bleeding or swelling, reduce fever, etc.

193

proliferate

grow rapidly (in numbers); spread; multiply; N. proliferation

194

elastic

able to spring back into shape; quick to recover (as from disappointment); able to adapt to change; Ex. elastic plans; N: elastic material

195

fundamental

basic; primary; essential

196

tremor

trembling; slight quiver (as of the earth or from nervous agitation)

197

megalomania

mania for doing grandiose things; mental disorder characterized by delusions of wealth, power, or importance

198

lugubrious

mournful; sorrowful

199

sap

diminish; weaken; undermine the foundations of (a fortification); Ex. The element kryptonite sapped his strength.

200

whorl

ring of leaves around stem; ring; circular arrangement;