GRE19 From3583-3782 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in GRE19 From3583-3782 Deck (200):
1

fruition

bearing of fruit; fulfillment; realization; Ex. come to/be brought to fruition

2

fumble

move the fingers and hands awkwardly (in search of something); mishandle or drop a ball that is in play; bungle; botch; spoil by mishandling; N.

3

palm

conceal in the palm of the hand; palm off: pass off; Ex. palm off some bad oranges onto the lady/the painting as a real Renoir

4

smelt

melt (ore) for separating and removing the metal; melt or blend ores changing their chemical composition

5

apogee

highest point; the point farthest from the earth; OP. perigee

6

bereaved

deprived of (someone beloved through death)

7

leery

(of someone) suspicious; wary; cautious

8

lethal

deadly

9

rusticate

banish to the country; dwell in the country

10

outmoded

no longer in fashion or use; no longer stylish; old-fashioned

11

choleric

hot-tempered; bad-tempered; irritable; easily angered; CF. cholera

12

camaraderie

good-fellowship; CF. comrade

13

apex

tip; summit; climax; highest point

14

destitute

extremely poor; lacking means of subsistence; utterly lacking; devoid; Ex. destitute of any experience

15

gerrymander

change voting district lines in order to favor a political party; N. CF. Elbridge Gerry + (sala)mander

16

recapitulate

summarize

17

oust

expel; drive out; force out; N. ouster: ousting

18

nurse

suckle; take care of (as a nurse); bear in mind; Ex. nursing mother; Ex. nurse a hope/grudge against someone

19

fissure

crevice; crack

20

cohabit

live together

21

moribund

dying; at the point of death; CF. death

22

bacchanal

noisy party with a lot of drinking

23

default

failure to act; failure to perform a task or be present; V.

24

vulnerable

susceptible to wounds or attack; N. vulnerability

25

venerate

revere; treat with great respect

26

engross

occupy fully; absorb

27

deride

ridicule; treat with contempt; make fun of; OP. respect

28

cadet

student at a military school

29

adroit

skillful (in using mind or hand)

30

adversity

great hardship or affliction; misfortune; calamitous event

31

bogus

counterfeit; not authentic; intentionally false; Ex. bogus interview

32

senility

old age; feeblemindedness of old age; ADJ. senile: resulting from old age; showing the weakness of body or mind from old age; Ex. senile dementia

33

doom

condemnation to a severe penalty; ruin; fate (esp. a tragic or ruinous one); V.

34

presage

foretell; be a warning or sign of; N: presentiment; foreboding; omen

35

redundant

superfluous; more than is necessary; verbose; excessively wordy; repetitious

36

license

official or legal permission; latitude of action or speech; excessive freedom that causes harm or damage; V.

37

fringe

decorative edge of hanging threads; edge

38

savor

enjoy; have a distinctive flavor, smell, or quality; N: taste or smell; distinctive quality

39

unwarranted

unjustified; having no justification; groundless; baseless; undeserved

40

musky

having the odor of musk; N. musk: odorous substance secreted by an Asian deer

41

divulge

reveal

42

prude

excessively modest or proper person (who is easily shocked by improper things, esp. of a sexual nature); N. prudery; ADJ. prudish: excessively concerned with propriety

43

malignant

tending to cause death; highly injurious; aggressively malevolent; Ex. malignant tumor

44

cupidity

greed (for wealth); CF. cupid; CF. Cupid

45

dictum

authoritative and weighty statement (made by a judge in court); saying; maxim; CF. obiter dictum: incidental, nonbinding remark (something said in passing)

46

corpulent

very fat; N. corpulence

47

annuity

yearly allowance

48

straggle

stray or fall behind (a main group); spread out in a scattered group; Ex. straggling marathon racer; Ex. straggling branch

49

erratic

odd; irregular in movement or behavior; unpredictable

50

hurl

throw forcefully; shout out violently

51

nip

snip off; stop something's growth or development; bite; make numb with cold; Ex. nip the plan; Ex. A guard dog nipped the postman; Ex. fingers nipped by the extreme chill

52

devotee

enthusiastic follower; enthusiast; Ex. devotee of Bach

53

antipathy

aversion; dislike or opposition

54

derivation

deriving; origin or source of something; Ex. the derivation of the word

55

stink

stench; V: emit a strong foul odor

56

magisterial

authoritative; imperious; commanding; of a magistrate; Ex. magisterial study of Roman law; Ex. magisterial manner

57

lectern

reading desk or stand for a public speaker

58

corrugated

wrinkled; ridged

59

sophisticated

worldly wise and urbane; refined; complex; N. sophistication; V. sophisticate

60

fractious

unruly; peevish; cranky; bad-tempered; Ex. fractious horse

61

cumulative

growing by addition; accumulative

62

multiform

having many forms

63

concise

brief and compact

64

stately

formal; ceremonious; grand in style or size; majestic

65

atheistic

denying the existence of God; N. atheism

66

plasticity

ability to be molded; ADJ. plastic: capable of being shaped or molded; Ex. plastic material such as clay

67

ruse

trick to deceive; stratagem

68

aromatic

fragrant; having a sweet smell; N. aroma: strong pleasant smell

69

imprudent

lacking caution; not prudent; injudicious

70

spectral

ghostly; N. specter: spectre; ghost; phantom

71

chalice

goblet; consecrated cup

72

peevish

bad-tempered; irritable; V. peeve: make angry

73

babble

chatter idly or foolishly; make continuous sounds like water running gently over rounded stone; N.

74

turncoat

traitor

75

arbitrary

unreasonable or capricious; random; tyrannical; Ex. arbitrary ruler

76

bump

hit or knock against with force; N.

77

disgruntle

make discontented

78

expedient

suitable (for a particular purpose although not necessarily morally correct); practical; politic(prudent); N: something expedient

79

gestate

evolve as in prenatal growth; N. gestation: period of development from conception until birth

80

inductive

pertaining to induction or proceeding from the specific to the general

81

infer

deduce; conclude; N. inference

82

meager

scanty; inadequate

83

lofty

very high

84

indignation

anger at an injustice; Ex. righteous indignation; ADJ. indignant

85

bane

posion; cause of ruin; ADJ. baneful: harmful; poisonous

86

fresco

painting on wet plaster (usually fresh)

87

veto

vested power to reject a bill; exercise of this right; V: prevent or forbid by exercising the power of veto

88

yokel

rustic; country bumpkin; Ã̳ð

89

swerve

deviate; turn aside sharply from a straight course; Ex. swerve from the principle; Ex. The car swerved to the right.

90

adjacent

adjoining; neighboring; close by

91

imperceptible

unnoticeable; impossible to perceive; undetectable

92

tart

sharp to the taste; acid-tasting; caustic; sarcastic; Ex. tart apple/reply

93

transition

going from one state of action to another

94

taciturn

habitually silent; talking little

95

tiller

handle used to move boat's rudder (to steer)

96

proselytize

(induce someone to) convert to a religion or belief; N. proselyte: new convert to a doctrine or religion

97

portend

foretell; presage; be a sign or warning of; N. portent: sign; omen; forewarning

98

malevolent

wishing evil; exhibiting ill will; N. malevolence

99

obsidian

black volcanic rock

100

elaborate

work out carefully; add more detail or information; ADJ.

101

aversion

firm dislike

102

repast

meal; feast; banquet

103

dissent

disagree

104

queer

strange; eccentric; deviating from the normal

105

natal

connected with birth; CF. prenatal; CF. postnatal

106

blare

loud or harsh roar or screech; dazzling blaze of light

107

recite

repeat aloud (something learned); describe; Ex. recite his complaints; N. recitation

108

accomplice

partner in crime

109

ordination

ceremony conferring holy orders; ceremony of ordaining a priest

110

enhance

increase; make greater (as in value, reputation, or usefulness); improve

111

mandate

order; charge; authoritative command; power to govern another country; power to given to a government; region under administration; V: give a mandate to; place under a mandate; Ex. mandated territory

112

vivid

(of light or color) bright and distinct; evoking lifelike mental images; Ex. vivid red hair/description

113

rectify

set right; correct; CF. rect-: right

114

solitude

state of being alone; seclusion; ADJ. solitary: existing or living alone (esp. by choice); remote or secluded; single; sole; Ex. solitary life/inn; Ex. no solitary piece of proof

115

perpetrate

commit an offense; do (something wrong)

116

amoral

nonmoral; having no understanding of right and wrong

117

succor

assist (someone in difficulty); aid; comfort; N.

118

viand

food; CF. live

119

dissident

dissenting (with an opinion, a group, or a government); rebellious; N.

120

fluster

confuse; make nervous and confused; N.

121

disconsolate

hopelessly sad (at the loss of something)

122

finery

beautiful clothes for a special occasion

123

verbalize

put into words; ADJ. verbal: of words; spoken rather than written; oral; of a verb

124

antecedents

preceding events that influence what comes later; ancestors or early background

125

clich\'e

phrase dulled in meaning by repetition; platitude; ADJ. clich\'ed

126

immune

resistant to; free or exempt from; N. immunity

127

cistern

reservoir or water tank

128

upshot

outcome; final result

129

centurion

Roman army officer (commanding a company of about 100 soldiers)

130

raffle

lottery; V: award as a prize in a raffle; Ex. raffle off a new car

131

vise

vice; tool for holding work in place; clamping device

132

ecosystem

ecological community together with its environment

133

vigil

keeping watch (during normal sleeping hours); Ex. all-night vigil

134

infallible

unerring; never making mistakes

135

indulge

yield to; gratify; allow oneself a special pleasure; Ex. indulge one's every whim/a child/in a big cigarette; N. indulgence

136

implore

beg

137

ascendancy

controlling influence; position of controlling influence; CF. in the ascendant

138

crochet

make (a piece of needlework) by looping thread with a hooked needle; N. CF. crotchet

139

pathos

tender sorrow; pity; quality in art or literature that produces these feelings; Ex. pathos that runs through the novel

140

cloying

distasteful (because excessive); excessively sweet or sentimental; V. cloy: become unpleasant through too much sweetness or excess

141

valedictory

pertaining to farewell; N: farewell address (esp. at graduation exercises)

142

deplete

reduce; exhaust

143

abnegation

renunciation; self-sacrifice; self-abnegation

144

baffle

frustrate; perplex

145

tend

have a tendency; take care of; minister; serve at; apply one's attention; attend

146

amplify

increase in size or effect; expand; broaden or clarify by expanding; intensify; make stronger; Ex. amplify one's remarks with a graph

147

incommodious

not spacious; inconvenient

148

luminary

celebrity (in a specific field); dignitary; object that gives light (as a celestial body)

149

raconteur

story-teller; one who tells stories with wit and skill

150

substantive

substantial; essential; pertaining to the substance; substantial; considerable; Ex. substantive issues

151

transport

strong emotion; rapture; Ex. in a transport/transports of; V: move to strong emotion; enrapture

152

tanner

person who turns animal hides into leather

153

ashen

ash-colored; deadly pale

154

politic

prudent; judicious; well judged; expedient; well devised

155

dinghy

small boat (often ship's boat)

156

feature

distinctive part of the faces (as the eyes or mouth); features: overall appearance of the face; prominent or distinctive quality; prominent article; film; V: make prominent

157

bawdy

indecent; obscene; about sex in a rude funny way; CF. bawd

158

pastry

paste of flour and water (eaten when baked)

159

jostle

shove; bump; push against (someone) rather roughly; Ex. jostled by the crowds

160

enact

make (a bill) into law

161

finicky

too particular; fussy; difficult to please; too concerned with unimportant details or quality; Ex. finicky about her food

162

jovial

good-natured; merry; cheerful

163

opportunist

individual who sacrifices principles for expediency by taking advantage of circumstances; N. opportunism

164

predilection

preference; partiality

165

subside

sink to a lower level; settle down; sink to the bottom (as a sediment); descend; grow quiet; become less; moderate; abate

166

consecrate

dedicate; sanctify; declare as sacred; Ex. consecrate one's life to helping the poor

167

militant

combative; bellicose; N.

168

malign

speak evil of; bad-mouth(criticize spitefully); defame; ADJ: harmful; Ex. malign influence

169

distort

twist out of shape; give a false account of; misrepresent; N. distortion

170

rejuvenate

make young again

171

sonnet

14-line poetic verse form with a fixed rhyme pattern

172

waffle

speak equivocally about an issue; N.

173

avow

declare openly; N. avowal

174

detain

keep waiting; prevent from leaving or going; N. detention

175

lavish

liberal; wasteful; generous or wasteful in giving or using; abundant; profuse; great; Ex. decorated lavishly; V. give in abundance

176

grandeur

impressiveness; stateliness; majesty

177

badger

pester; annoy continually with demands; persuade by asking again and again; Ex. The children badgered me into taking them into the cinema; N: a kind of mountain animal

178

tension

stretching; condition of being stretched; mental strain; strained relationship between groups or people

179

libel

defamatory written statement; act of writing something that smears a person's character; V. ADJ. libelous

180

exalt

raise in rank or dignity; praise highly; inspire; Ex. exalt the imagination; ADJ. exalted; N. exaltation

181

endorse

approve; support; write one's signature on the back of; N. endorsement; CF. dorsal

182

misdemeanor

minor crime; misdeed; wrongdoing

183

disinterested

unprejudiced; free from bias and self-interest; objective

184

subsidy

direct financial aid by government, etc.; V. subsidize: assist with a subsidy

185

grovel

crawl or creep on ground; remain prostrate; behave in a servile manner

186

overture

musical introduction to a long musical piece; first offer or proposal (to begin talks in the hope of reaching an agreement); Ex. overtures for peace

187

enlist

(cause to) join the armed forces; obtain (help, sympathy, or support)

188

perdition

damnation; complete ruin; hell

189

whimsical

capricious; fanciful; amusingly strange

190

recant

disclaim or disavow; retract a previous statement; openly confess error; Ex. recant one's faith/a statement

191

diversion

act of turning aside; pastime; V. divert: turn aside from a course; distract; amuse

192

divine

perceive intuitively (by or as if by magic); foresee the future; foretell; dowse; ADJ. N. divination

193

annihilate

destroy

194

blurt

utter impulsively from nervousness or excitement

195

firebrand

piece of burning wood; hothead; troublemaker; person who stirs up trouble

196

ingrained

deeply established; firmly rooted; Ex. ingrained dirt/prejudice

197

conveyance

vehicle; transfer; act of conveying; Ex. public conveyance

198

magistrate

official with power to administer the law

199

subjugate

conquer; bring under control

200

reciprocate

do or give something in return; repay in kind; give or take mutually; interchange; move backwards and forwards; Ex. reciprocate his invitation by inviting him; N. reciprocity: reciprocal relationship; mutual interchange of advantages between two groups; Ex. reciprocity in trading rights