Greece and Rome Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Greece and Rome Deck (61):
0

Geography:
Sea
Land
Climate

Around sea, Black Sea-trade, lacked resources
Hugged mountains, small independent communities,
48-80 degrees, outdoor life

1

Polis

City state

2

3 things about polis

1. Temple on fortified hill
2. Rights and responsibilities
3. Most people weren't citizens

3

Monarchy

Sing person rules

4

Oligarchy

Ruled by few powerful and wealthy

5

Direct democracy

Rule by people

6

Dareo

All Athenians were equal, strict

7

Solon

No slavery, 4 classes

8

Cleisthens

10 groups based on wealth
Assembley
Council of 500

9

Assembly

Laws for debate/ passage

10

Council of 500

Laws coincided the assembly

11

Pythagoras

X pythagorean brotherhood
Widely traveled search for wisdom
Functional significance.
Philosopher mathematician

12

Socrates

Why just philosopher of all time
First of the three great teachers
Asking simple questions

13

Plato

Most important thinker
Founder of the Academy
Great philosopher

14

Aristotle

One of the greatest thinkers
Development of Greece
Change in nature
Live in simplicity

15

Sophocles

Most tragic drama
Individuals versus fate
Death and suffering makes you nobler
Writer

16

Herodutus

Father of history
Wrote geography
Influenced historians

17

Hippocrates

Father of medicine
Natural causes

18

Judicial system

Committees of people are drawn to up to volunteer or serve speak and act for himself appeals to elders

19

Pericles

Leaded statesman,
1. Strengthen democracy
2.strengthen military
3. Delian league
4. Rebuilt

20

Delian league

Defense all incas of city states

21

Family life in the Golden age

Arranged marriages, girls made between 12 and 14 boys made between 20 and 40

22

Education in the Golden age

Boys educated at military camps or at school

23

Pedagogues

Slaves who attended school to help boys study

24

Olympics

Honor the gods

25

Religion

12 deities

26

Doric
Ionic
Corinthian

Boring
Curls
Crazy

27

Art

Perfection

28

Peuiponnesian

Athens and Sparta, Sparta won, end of golden age

29

Alexander the Great

Came king of Macedonia and Greece
Created Hellenistic culture which is the blend of Greek addiction and Persian culture

30

Roman republic

Rome became a republic
Punic wars began
Julius Caesar dies

31

Roman Empire

Jesus died
Pac romana ends
Constantine begins to rule

32

Counsels

Served in highest elected political office of roman republic
2

33

Dictator

Temporary government
Military crisis
6 months

34

Legion

Basic unit of roman army

35

Julius Caesar

Military victories
Social reforms
New calendar
Debate concerned about power

36

Caesars death

Dictator for life
Roman law
Group of senators stabbed him (March 15)

37

Roman law

Anyone plotting to be king will be killed without trial

38

Pax romania

200 years of peace and prosperity

39

Christianity teachings

Messiah would restore kingdom

40

Jesus

Born, public ministry
Preached, taught, miracles
Relationship to God, love

41

Spread of Christianity through empire

Embraced all people, have hope to powerless, personal relationships, eternal life

42

Constantine accepts Christianity

Battle, he prayed and then won

43

Fall of Rome: political

Division of empire
Moving Capitol
Political office became burden

44

Fall of Rome: social

Low confidence in empire
Contrast of rich and poor
Disloyalty

45

Fall of Rome: economic

Inflation
Widening gap of rich and poor
Disruption of trade

46

Fall of Rome: military

Threats from N European tribes
Low funds
Decline of patriotism

47

Athens

Democracy, woman managed household, build with character,
Citizens should be soldiers, letters music and gymnastics

48

Sparta

Kept strong, public guardian, tough, army and defense training

49

Acropolis

Fortified hill

50

Peuiponnesian war

War between Athens and Sparta
Suffered from plague
Sparta won
Ended golden age

51

Persian wars

Greek fights together

52

Hannibal

Solider who fought against Rome, made oath

53

Patricians

The aristocracy, wealthy land owners who held political power

54

Plebeians

Common people of Rome

55

Punic wars

1- victory agains Rome
2- won 3 major battle counter attack
3-Rome defeated Carthage in a final blow, destroying city of Carthage, burning to the ground and sued salt in the soil

56

Discus thrower

Three discs, perfect form, statues

57

First triumphant

Caesar, Pompey and crissius

58

Second Trandont

Mark Antony, Octavian and Lepidus

59

Julius Caesar day of death

The Ides of March March 15

60

Octavian

A ruler in Rome who took over power from Lepidus