Greece main regions and grapes Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Greece main regions and grapes Deck (16):

Key grapes of Thrace? (2)

Roditis and Limnio


Key grape of Macedonia?

Xinomavro "ksee-NOH-mah-vroh"


Key grape of Epirus?



Key grape of Thessalia?



Key grape of Central Greece (Sterea Ellada)?



Key grapes of Peloponnese? (4)

Agiorgitiko "ah-yor-YEE-tee-koh", Moschofilero, Muscat Blanc à Petits Grains, Mavrodaphne "MA-vro-DAF-knee"


Key grapes of Ionian Islands? (2)

Robola, Tsaoussi


Key grapes of Aegean Islands? (4)

Athiri, Mandelaria, Muscat, Assyrtico


Key grapes of Crete? (4)

Vidiano, Vilana, Liatiko, Kotsifali


Describe Moschofilero

the pink-skinned Moschofilero grape produces a fresh, dry, aromatic, slightly spicy, sometimes lightly sparkling white, and, with extended skin contact, can also yield an interesting rosé. Has an aromatic resemblance to Muscat. It is one of Greece's most exciting white wines.


Describe Debina

The sprightly white grape variety that is solely responsible for the lightly sparkling white wines of Zítsa in Epirus high in north west Greece 


Describe Xinomavro. What does it translate to?

Black grape variety grown all over northern Greece as far south as the foothills of Mount Olympus, where Rapsani is produced, but most famous as the grape of Naoussa. Its name means ‘acid black’ and the wines can indeed seem harsh in youth but they age well. One of the few Greek vine varieties which may not reach full ripeness in some years, it is blended with a small proportion of the local Negoska to produce Goumenissa and is also used as a base for sparkling wine on the exceptionally cool, high vineyards of Amyndeo. The wines tend to be relatively soft but to have good acid, attractive bite, and age well. 


Describe Agiorgitiko 

aka (St. George) is a softly tannic, intensely fruity black grape and one of Greece’s most noble native varietals.


Describe Roditis

Roditis, or Rhoditis, is a slightly pink-skinned grape variety that is Greece’s second most common after Savatiano. Although its name is probably derived from the island of Rhodes, it was traditionally grown, often as a field blend with other clones of Roditis, in the Peloponnese and was even more important in the pre-phylloxera era. The vine is particularly sensitive to powdery mildew. It ripens relatively late and keeps its acidity quite well even in such hot climates as that of Ankhíalos in Thessaly in central Greece, although it can also ripen well in high-elevation vineyards.


Describe Mavrodaphne "MAV-ro-DAF-knee". What does it translate to?

Dark-skinned grape variety grown particularly round Pátras in the Peloponnese in Greece, where it is the foundation of a port-like dessert wine, Mavrodaphne of Pátras, which responds well to extended cask ageing. This aromatic, powerful variety, also grown to a much more limited extent on the island of Cephalonia, is occasionally vinified dry but only for use in blends.

Translates to “black laurel”


Describe Kotsifali

Generous, spicy, if soft wines are produced from this red grape speciality of the Greek island of Crete where it is the second most common variety after Liatiko. They are best blended with something more tannic such as Mandilaria.

The best wines come from the area of Heraklion, specifically in PDO Peza and PDO Archanes. Both designations have to be a blend of Kotsifali and Mandilaria.