Greek Theater Flashcards Preview

AP Lit > Greek Theater > Flashcards

Flashcards in Greek Theater Deck (30)
Loading flashcards...
1

Thespis

First to pull an actor from the chorus to interact with them, called the father of drama (actors are called Thespians)

2

Aeschylus

Followed Thespis and pulled 2 actors out of the chorus, now conflict could exist between characters, chorus was reduced in size

3

Sophocles

Pulled 3 actors out of the chorus in order to create an even more solid plot

4

Euripides

Known for being the last great Greek dramatist, made the chorus nonexistent and used exclusively actors

5

Aristophanes

Famous for writing comedies (but also wrote tragedies, just more known for comedy)

6

Chorus

Group that comments on the action of a play without participating

7

Hypokrite

Greek word for actor, translates to "wearer of masks"

8

Persona

Personality traits of a character represented by masks in Greek theater (anger, happiness, grief, arrogance, etc.), also another name for a mask

9

Prologos

The opening or introduction of a play

10

Episodia

The various scenes of a play that made up the plot

11

Stasimon

Choral Odes (when the chorus comments on the action of the show)

12

Strophe/Antistrophe

Various stanzas in a choral ode in which the chorus dance in different directions, left then right

13

Festival of Dionysus

Festival about partying and revelry to recognize the god of wine

14

Greek Theater

Developed from dithyrambs

15

Amphitheater

The outdoor theaters in which the Greeks performed plays, open air, semi-circular, and built into a hill

16

Theatron

Where the audience sat

17

Orchestra

Flat circular structure at the bottom of the Theatron where the Chorus was positioned

18

Thymele

Altar where animals were sacrificed to the gods before plays

19

Parados

The part of the structure where the participants walk into the Amphitheater, then an actual parading in of the Chorus following the Prologue

20

Skene

A wall that had doors in it that made up the scenery and allowed actors to rest, leave the stage, or change clothes

21

Dithyramb

A hymn to Dionysus that Greek theater came out of

22

Satyr Play

A sexual/comedic play often involving physical comedy

23

Kothernoi

Elevated shoes that helped increase presence of actors

24

Unity

3 elements that have to be unified: action, place, and time. Plays could only take place over the course of 24 hours or less, in one setting, with a certain action in mind

25

Hamartia

Greek word for the fatal flaw

26

Hubris

Excessive pride

27

Recognition

The point at which a character understands his or her situation as it really is

28

Cosmic Irony

Occurs when God, fate, or some larger force seems to be intentionally deceiving characters into believing they can escape their fates

29

Deus ex Machina

"God from the machine," when a higher power intervenes in a story (which is almost like a cop-out to finishing the plot)

30

Exodus

Last scene of the play, during which the conflict was resolved and the actors left the stage