Group FRO (only slides 9-10: fungi and intro to animals) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Group FRO (only slides 9-10: fungi and intro to animals) Deck (53):
1

Only fungi with true motility

Chytridiomycota

2

Phylum with motile zoospores

Chytridiomycota

3

Phylum with paraphyletic basal assemblage

Chytridiomycota

4

Phylum with zygosporangia

Zygomycota

5

Phylum with bread molds

Zygomycota

6

Phylum with no dikaryotic hyphae

(going from plasmogamy and karyogamy, to forming fruiting bodies, then meiosis)

Zygomycota

7

Phylum that participates in endomycorrhiazae

Glomeromycota

8

Phylum of sac fungi

Ascomycota

9

Phylum with morels, truffles, yeasts, lichens, pathogens

Ascomycota

10

Largest group of fungi

Ascomycota

11

Meispores from Ascomycota form in _____, which are contained in ______

Meiospores form in asci, which are contained in ascomata (fruiting body)

12

Phylums with dikaryotic hyphae

Ascomycota, Basidiomycota

13

Club fungi

Basidiomycota

14

Phylum with mushrooms, shelf fungi, smuts, rusts

Basidiomycota

15

Phylum that is mainly sexual reproduction

Basidiomycota

16

Meiospores from Basidiomycota form in _______, which are contained in _______

Meispores form in basidium, which are contained in basidioma

17

Largest organism Armillaria comes from what phylum

Basidiomycota

18

Phylum that participates in ectomycorrhizae

Basidiomycota

19

Deuteromycetes

imperfect fungi

20

Conidia produces in conidiophores

Asexual reproduction

21

Only fungi can break down ______ in wood

Lignin

22

How animals reproduce

Gametic meiosis

23

In gametic meiosis, _____ undergoes mitosis

Zygote undergoes mitosis

24

Order of embryonic development:

Zygote > morula > blastula > gastrula

25

Morula

solid ball of cells

26

Blastula

hollow

27

Gastrula

hollow with one blastopore opening

28

Tree for Animalia going down:

Ctenophora
Porifera
placozoa
Cnidaria and Bilateria

29

Phylums that have diploblastic embryos

Cnidaria and Ctenophora (radially symmetrical)

30

Clade that has triploblastic embryos

Bilateria

31

Fluid-filled cavity surrounded by mesodermal tissue

Coelomate

32

Fluid-filled cavity between mesoderm-endoderm

Pseudocoelomate

33

spiral, determinate cleavage; mouth forms from blastopore

Protostomes

34

radial, indeterminate cleavage; anus forms from blastopore

Deuterostomes

35

Phylums with segmented body plan

Annelida, Arthropoda, Chordata

36

Phylum with comb jellies, sea walnuts

Ctenophora

37

- Comb-like plates of fused cilia, radial symmetry, bioluminescent

- No cnidocytes; anal pores

Ctenophora

38

How filter feeding works in Porifera

Choanocytes move water into spongocoel, then out through osculum

39

Phylum with calcium carbonate or silica skeleton

Porifera

40

Phylum with stinging-celled animals [corals, hydras, anemones, jellyfish]

Cnidaria

41

Capture prey using nematocysts, barbed projectiles that inject toxins

Cnidocytes

42

Phylum with 3 life cycles planula, polyp, medusa

Cnidaria

43

4 classes of Cnidaria

Hydrazoa, Scyphozoa, Cubozoa, Anthozoa

44

Class with hydroids [Portuguese man-of-war, Hydra]

Hydrazoa

45

Class with both polyp and medusa stages

Hydrazoa

46

Classes with small polyps, dominant medusa

Scyphozoa and Cubozoa

47

Class with dominant polyp, no medusa

Anthozoa

48

Class of jellyfish

Scyphozoa

49

Class of box jellyfish

Cubozoa

50

Class of sea anemones and corals

Anthozoa

51

Largest class in Cnidaria

Anthozoa

52

Class in Cnidaria that harbor symbiotic algae (mutualism)

Anthozoa

53

Class that coral reefs are in

Anthozoa