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Flashcards in growth & Dev Deck (33):
1

___________ - determines the potential of the child
___________ - influences the extent to which the child achieved that potential

Heredity
Environment

2

Physical needs

Warmth, clothing, shelter
Activity with rest
Good health
Food
Funcitoning senses

3

Psychological Needs

Personal identity, self respect & independence
Affection and care
Play
Opportunity to learn from experience
Role models
Security

4

Factors affecting growth and development

Genetics
Prenatal, Perinatal, Postnatal factors

5

Examples of genetic d/o

Down syndrome
Inborn errors of metab (28)
Autism

6

Multiple pregnancy

Susceptible to hypoxia and birth trauma
= cerebral palsy, mental retardation, etc

7

Dilantin/phenytoin during pregnancy

Fetal hydantoin syndrome
- wide fontanel, braod nasal bridge, short neck, microcephaly, cleft lip/palate

8

Yellow staining of teeth

Tetracycline

9

Barbiturates/diazepam during labor

Can depress resp center = no breathing

10

Smoking

Reduces birth weight

11

Alcohol fetal alcohol syndrome

Low birth weight
IUGR intra uterine growth retardation
Mental retardation

12

Mercury poisoning

Microcephaly, cerebral palsy, autism(?)

13

Infections in pregnancy

THARCHS / TORCH
Toxoplasmosis
Other - Hepa H
Rubella
Cytomegalovirus
Herpes
Syphilis
AIDS

14

Maternal stress

Prematurity, low birth weight, husband

15

Older mother, more than 35 yo

CNS anomalies, Down's syndrome

16

Younger mothers

Autism

17

Advanced paternal age

Achondroplasia
craniostenosis with syndactyly (Apert's syndrome)
Osteogenesis imperfect
Congenital deafness
Congenital heart disease

18

Maternal malnutrition

Increased infant morbidity, preterm delivery, anemia and perinatal mortality

19

Prematurity

Cerebral palsy, visual and hearing impariments, learning d/o, hyperactivity

20

Post maturity

Increased incidence of fetal distress, hypoxia, perinatal morbidity & mortality

21

Asphyxia

Crrebral palsy, low mean IQ

22

Anesthesia for babies

Glucose

23

First 6/7 days

Perinatal

24

Post natal

First 3 years

25

First 3 years
Postnatal

Critical period for cognitive and emotional development

26

Four general principles in development

Development is orderly and cumulative
Development is progressive
Development in one sphere doesnt serve as a valid proxy for development in other spheres
Development is affected by several factors

27

Early sign of autism

Regression

28

Early locomotor patterns

Immobile infant
Commando crawl, bottom shuffling (cerebral palsy)
Crawling on all four extremities
Walking toddler

29

Development pattern for the fist year of life

Cephalocaudal pattern

30

Cephalocaudal pattern of behavior

1. Regards
2. Smiles (spontaneous)
3. Turns head
4. Holds head
5. Rolls over
6. Transfers objects
7. Sits briefly
8. Creeps
9. Pulls up
10. Cruises
11. Walks with support
12. Stands alone

31

Prerequisites for adaptive skills

Fine motor skills

32

Significance of knowing Growth & development

1. To monitor child's progress
2. To identify delays or abnormalities in development
3. To counsel parents & prescribe treatment

33

Object permanence is usually fully developed at...

1 year old