Hand Tools and Machine Tools in Furniture Construction Flashcards Preview

ID: Furniture Design & Construction > Hand Tools and Machine Tools in Furniture Construction > Flashcards

Flashcards in Hand Tools and Machine Tools in Furniture Construction Deck (27):
1

________ are devices that make it possible to work materials when hand alone is not enough.

Hand Tools

2

Used for measuring and for making straight lines.

Rules

3

What are the different types of rules?

- Rigid Rule
- Folding Rule
- Flexible Rule

4

Used to measure diameters.

Calipers

5

A combination marking and measuring device; the distance is set from the point to the guide with a rule.

Marking Gauge

6

What are the types of hand saws?

- Crosscut Saw
- Rip Saw

7

For cutting wood across the grain.

Crosscut Saw

8

For cutting wood along the grain.

Rip Saw

9

Used for making wood surfaces smooth and flat.

Hand Plane

10

Used by the old blacksmith and wagon maker for shaping spokes for wooden wheel.

Spoke Shave

11

Used for smoothing curves usually on the edges of stock, following sawing.

Files

12

Used for fitting joints in wood and for shaping edges.

Chisels

13

Used for boring holes 1/4" and larger. The brace is also used with other tools, such as counter sinks and screw driver bits.

Augerbrace and Bit

14

Used for drilling small hoes usually not larger than 1/4".

Hand Drill

15

What are the types of screwdrivers?

- Standard Screwdriver
- Philips Screwdriver
- Spiral Ratchet Screwdriver

16

A type of screw driver that has a flat tip.

Standard Screwdriver

17

A screwdriver that has an x-shaped tip.

Philips Screwdriver

18

A screwdriver that relies on a pushing force rather than a twisting force.

Spiral Ratchet Screwdriver

19

Tools that require power supplied by forces other than humans.

Machine Tools

20

It is designed especially for cutting line curves and details. Also called a scroll saw.

Jig Saw

21

Has an endless blade traveling around 2 pulleys. It cuts curves and straight lines in thin as well as in thick stock.

Band Saw

22

A power-driven rotary cutting tool with toothed circular blade. Also called as bench or table saw.

Circular Saw

23

An upside-down saw with teethed circular saw. The motor and blade are suspended above the worktable rather than below it.

Radial Arm Saw

24

Originally designed for accurate drilling of holes, but with some attachments now available it can be used for boring, routing, shaping and countersinking.

Drill Press

25

The machine in which wood is shaped into round and cylindrical shapes such as bowls, lamps, and table legs.

Wood Lathe

26

Specialized in cutting shaped edges, moldings, picture frame stock and the like.

Spindle Shaper

27

Designed primarily for drilling and boring. But with attachments, this could also be used as sanders, buffers, polishers and drivers.

Electric Drill