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Flashcards in Handel Deck (20):
1

composed in

1741

2

first performed

13th april 1742 - dublin

3

context

chorus
messiah
oratorio

4

style

baroque

5

key features of baroque music

ornamentation
basso continuo
one mood

6

key

A major

7

metre

3/4

8

structure

no formal structure
orchestral intro - ritornello (reappears)

9

tempo

allegro
adagio ending - grand

10

instrumentation

baroque orchestra:
violins
violas
SATB choir
basso continuo - double bass, cello, chamber organ

11

melody

different combinations of 4 motifs

12

motif a

"and the glory the glory of the lord"
first sung by altos
dotted rhythm (glo)
syllabic

13

motif b

"shall be revealed"
first sung by tenors
descending sequence
melismatic

14

motif c

"and all flesh shall see it together"
first sung by altos
repetition
melismas

15

motif d

"for the mouth of the lord hath spoken it"
first sung by tenors and basses
2 notes used (a and b)
long repeated notes
syllabic

16

rhythm

mostly crotchets/quavers
word painting - motif d bold statement supported
hemiolas (2/4)

17

harmony and tonality

modulation
E major (dominant)
B major (supertonic)
diatonic harmony

18

texture

homophonic - e.g. ending
polyphonic
imitation

19

dynamics

terraced
loud ending

20

mood

joyful
praising God