Hazmat Responses: Surviving the Initial Response Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Hazmat Responses: Surviving the Initial Response Deck (243)
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1

A first responders success depends upon these 5 things

- Level of planning before the incident
- Training
- Ingenuity
- Capabilities and limitations of equipment
- Ability to use equipment

2

Defined as anything that can harm people, property, or the environment

Hazardous material

3

A material or device created specifically to explode on demand

Explosive

4

Liquid with a flashpoint below 100F

Flammable liquid

5

Liquid with a flashpoint of 100F or greater

Combustable liquid

6

Controlling factor in determining the flashpoint of a liquid

Temperature of the liquid

7

Poisons can enter the body in one of four ways

- Inhalation
- Ingestion
- Absorption
- Entry through a wound

8

Where the term ionizing radiation originates

When particles collide with an electron, the tendency is to remove that electron from the atom thus leaving a particle that is now an ion

9

Hazard classes
- Class 1
- Class 2
- Class 3
- Class 4
- Class 5
- Class 6
- Class 7
- Class 8
- Class 9

- Class 1 = Explosives
- Class 2 = Gases
- Class 3 = Flammable liquids
- Class 4 = Flammable solids
- Class 5 = Oxidizers
- Class 6 = Poisonous
- Class 7 = Radioactive
- Class 8 = Corrosive
- Class 9 = Misc hazards

10

Precedence of Hazard Table

Used to classify hazardous materials

11

OSHA uses this term to define any chemical which is a physical hazard or health hazard

Hazardous chemical

12

OSHA Hazardous Waste Operations and Emergency Response Standard uses this term

Hazardous substance

13

First responders trained to this level are to initiate an emergency response sequence

Awareness level

14

The first responders trained to this level function to contain the release from a safe distance and keep it from spreading and prevent exposures

Operations level

15

The responder trained to this level will respond to an incident with the purpose of stopping the release

Technician level

16

This responder is trained to provide support to the technician

Specialist

17

The process of containing a release may be ...

- Passive
- Active

18

Important actions to take prior to even considering containing a release (5)

- Identify the material and asses potential harm
- Isolate affected areas
- Account for all personnel who might have been exposed
- Provide medical care and decontamination to those exposed
- Protect people from the potential of exposure

19

First responders consider this to be "aspirin" for all incidents

Water

20

Clean up involve three distinct steps

- Removal of waste
- Disposal of the waste material
- Restoration of the contaminated area

21

Most valuable (important) role of a first responder

Ensure everyone goes home

22

Defesive practices include (4)

- Contain release
- Protect people
- Protect property
- Protect environment

23

To encourage and support emergency planning efforts at the state and local levels and provide the public and local governments with information concerning potential chemical hazards present in their communities

Purpose of Emergency Planning and Community Right-to-Know Act (EPCRA)

24

EPCRA include 4 major sections

- Emergency planning
- Community Right-to-Know requirements
- Emergency release notification
- Toxic chemical release reporting

25

This tier identifies a hazard by category and is the minimum requirement by law

Tier I

26

This tier provides greater detail and identifies materials by specific chemical name

Tier II

27

Tier reports must be submitted every

Year

28

TPQ

Threshold Planning Quantities

29

TPQ quantities are measured in ___ rather then in ___

- Pounds
- Gallons

30

Local Emergency Planning Committee (LEPC) is responsible for developing an emergency response plan that should include these 7 components

- Emergency response procedure
- Evacuation plan
- Notification procedure
- Determination of the severity of a release and the populations likely affected
- Ways to notify the public when a release happens
- Identification of emergency resources and equipment
- Determination of training for local responders