HB2-Hendrickson Flashcards Preview

Block 5; Week 4 > HB2-Hendrickson > Flashcards

Flashcards in HB2-Hendrickson Deck (60):
1

What is the common progression of a child's development?

2 mo smiling & cooing, tracking parents w/ eyes
4 mo reaching out for objects
6 mo transfer toy b/w hands, sit in tripod position
9 mo crawling, pull themselves up to stand
1 yr first steps, start speaking

2

T/F An example of a genetically programmed sequence is that children use nouns before verbs.

True.

3

What is neuroplasticity?

to learn new fact or skill need a change in the brain need an area of brain for the new knowledge
the brain is shaped by experience

4

Brain activity in a newborn is confined to which structures?

subcortical structures
brainstem, cerebellum, thalamus
**cerebral cortex is undeveloped
**develop from bottom up

5

What are some of the newborn reflexes?

Moro: drop baby, arms go out
Root: try to suck
Suck: on finger if in mouth
Grasp: if put finger near their hand
Tonic Neck: fencing position, with one arm out when neck moved
Babinski

6

Why don't we have these reflexes as adults?

As UMN develop, they suppress these reflexes.

7

What are the senses that newborns have?

Touch
Vestibular
Smell
Taste
Hearing
Vision (primitive)

8

Where does synapse formation happen? When does synapse pruning happen?

Synapse formation: birth-2 years
Synapse Pruning: 2 years-6 years

9

Why do you need to catch congenital cataracts quickly?

if not detected by 6 mo...permanent vision loss. Won't have ocular dominance columns for that eye in the occipital lobe.

10

Genie & Victor show us what?

that children need to learn a language during the critical period or they never will be able to learn much. After you learn one language, you can go on to learn others. Also, Broca's area of speech underdeveloped.

11

What are the major developmental domains?

Gross motor
Fine motor
Language
Social-emotional

12

What is the gross motor milestone for age 2 mo?

lifts head when prone

13

What is the gross motor milestone for age 4 mo?

lifts head & shoulders when prone
good head control
begins to roll

14

What is the gross motor milestone for age 6 mo?

rolls well
sits in tripod

15

What is the gross motor milestone for age 8 mo?

sits well alone

16

What is the gross motor milestone for age 9-10 mo?

crawls, pulls to stand

17

What is the gross motor milestone for age 12-15 mo?

walks w/o support

18

What is the gross motor milestone for age 18 mo?

throws ball overhand
runs
stoops to pick up toy

19

What is the gross motor milestone for age 24 mo?

kicks ball
jumps
climbs into chair

20

It is a gross motor red flag to not have done ______ by 4 mo.

no head control

21

It is a gross motor red flag to not have done ______ by 8 mo.

doesn't sit alone

22

It is a gross motor red flag to not have done ______ by 10 mo.

doesn't crawl

23

It is a gross motor red flag to not have done ______ by 15 mo.

doesn't walk

24

What is toe walking more than 50% of the time after 6 mo of walking a red flag for?

cerebral palsy

25

What is the fine motor milestone for age 2 mo?

brings hands together & to the mouth

26

What is the fine motor milestone for age 4 mo?

reaches for objects, voluntary grasps

27

What is the fine motor milestone for age 6 mo?

transfers objects
bangs/splashes with hands

28

What is the fine motor milestone for age 9 mo?

bangs objects together
pincer grasp

29

What is the fine motor milestone for age 12 mo?

releases objects deliberately
holds a crayon or spoon

30

What is the fine motor milestone for age 18 mo?

puts objects in container
scribbles with a crayon

31

What is the fine motor milestone for age 24 mo?

prefers dominant hand
fits toys together
turns book pages
turns doorknob

32

It is a fine motor red flag if you have not done ______ by age 6 mo.

doesn't reach & grasp toys

33

It is a fine motor red flag if you have not done ______ by age 9 mo.

doesn't transfer toys

34

It is a fine motor red flag if you have not done ______ by age 12 mo. (2 things)

doesn't feed self with fingers
doesn't use pincer grasp

35

It is a fine motor red flag if you have not done ______ by age 15 mo.

doesn't use a cup

36

It is a fine motor red flag if you have not done ______ by age 18 mo.

doesn't scribble with a crayon

37

Which parts of the kid's brain have to develop to develop language skills?

Wernicke's area (develops first-controls nouns)
Broca's area (matures later-controls verbs & grammer)
Motor control of mouth, tongue, face

38

What is the language milestone for age 2 mo?

social smile, cooing

39

What is the language milestone for age 4 mo?

turns head to voice

40

What is the language milestone for age 6 mo?

babbling, squealing

41

What is the language milestone for age 9-12 mo?

waves bye-bye, looks at person speaking, gives objects on command

42

What is the language milestone for age 12-15 mo?

2-8 words spontaneously, 3 animal sounds

43

What is the language milestone for age 18-24 mo?

20-50 meaningful words, 2 word phrases, 50% intelligible

44

It is a language red flag if you have not done ______ by age 4 mo.

doesn't turn head to voice or noise

45

It is a language red flag if you have not done ______ by age 6 mo.

doesn't vocalize

46

It is a language red flag if you have not done ______ by age 12 mo.

doesn't have 2 meaningful words

47

It is a language red flag if you have not done ______ by age 18 mo.

doesn't have 5-10 meaningful words

48

It is a language red flag if you have not done ______ by age 24 mo.

doesn't put 2 words together

49

What is the social -emotional milestone for age 0-5 mo?

awareness of people, regards faces, forms attachments

50

What is the social -emotional milestone for age 6-11 mo?

social games (peek a boo)

51

What is the social -emotional milestone for age 12-17 mo?

shows affection
initiates social contact
points for needs
gaze follows parents' pointings

52

What is the social -emotional milestone for age 18-24 mo?

seeks help when in trouble
imitates parents' activities

53

What are the social emotional red flags? They are all by 18 mo. They could indicate what?

not initiating social contact
not showing affection
no reciprocal eye contact
no giving, showing
inability to show pleasure
**could indicate autism

54

When should you give screening questionnaires, according to Bright Futures?

9, 18, 30 mo.

55

What are the 2 main screening tools that are currently used? Which one is being phased in?

Denver II (more widely used, but misses a lot)
Ages & Stages (preferred, being phased in)

56

Which one of the survey tools tests 4 categories v. 5? What is the extra category?

Denver II-4 categories
Ages & Stages-5 categories (includes communication)

57

TORCH infections are bad. What does this stand for?

T: toxoplasmosis
O: other (syphilis)
R: rubella
C: cytomegalovirus
H: herpes

58

What is the incidence of autism? What are the symptoms?

1 in 88, more diagnosed now
Impaired social interactions and communication, lack of empathy/awareness of others.
Unusual, repetitive, or narrow and obsessive interests and activities.
Symptoms must be present before age 3 for diagnosis.

59

What are some possible causes of autism?

NOT vaccines.
MOre likely in boys than girls
Common in pts with fragile x syndrome.
**Prenatal risk factors: older parent, diabetic mother, certain infections, drugs, other maternal conditions.

60

What is the treatment for autism? What is the screening tool used?

intensive behavioral therapy
M-CHAT on all 18 mo olds