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Flashcards in Head and Neck Exam Deck (158):
1

What structures pass through the parotid gland ?

transverse facial
CN VII
retromandibular
ext. carotid
auriculotemporal of V3
lymph nodes

2

plastysma m is in what layer of fascia

superficial fascia

3

the great auricular nerve runs with.....

external jugular v

4

prevertebral fascia that extends over the apex of the lung is called

sibson's fascia

5

prevertebral fascia that covers the brachial plexus is called

axillary sheath

6

in between the two heads of sternocleidomastoid you will find what vessel

IJV

7

what is the inferior attachment of omohyoid

scapula

8

what two structures can be smooshed between the two scalene muscles

brachial plexus and subclavian artery

9

what two scalene attach to rib 1

anterior and middle

10

what scalene attaches to rib 2

posterior

11

What are the branches off the external carotid artery

superior thyroid
ascneding pharyngeal
lingual
facial
posterior auricular
superficial temporal
maxillary artery

12

carotid sinus is innervated by

CN IX

13

carotid body is innervated by

CN IX and X

14

ansa cervicalis innervates what three muscles

sternohyoid, sternothyroid and omohyoid

15

what are the cutaneous nerves of the neck

transverse cervical-anterior neck
supraclavicular-trap area
great auricular- ear ear
lesser occipital-behind ear

16

where does ansa cervicalis sit on top of

internal carotid artery

17

external laryngeal nerve has a friend which is

superior thyroid artery

18

the hypoglossal nerve loops around what artery

occipital artery off ECA

19

the phrenic nerve should lie

on top of the anterior scalene

20

the ____________ drains the tonsils and tonsillar region

jugulodigastric

21

the ___________________ drains the tongue

juguloomohyoid

22

internal laryngeal nerve runs with

superior laryngeal artery

23

what is the function of the arachnoid granulations

allow CSF to exit the subarachnoid space and enter the venous system

24

laceration of the middle meningeal artery will result in

extradural hemoatoma

25

rupture of a bridging vein will result in a

subdural hemoatoma

26

anterior cranial fossa innervated by

v1

27

middle cranial fossa innervated by =

v2 and v3

28

posterior cranial fossa innervated by

C1, C2, and C3 and vagus

29

four major arteries of the fface

facial, maxillary, optalmic and superficial temporal

30

which facial space can extend down throught eh mediastinum and to the diaphragm

fascia space within the prevertebral alyer

31

what two veins form the external jugular

posterior retromandibular and posterior auricular vein

32

posterior retromandibular vein is from

superfficial temporal and maxillary

33

posterior maxillary vein and facial vein form

common facial vein

34

innervation of stylohyoid

facial

35

innervation of anterior digastric

nerve to mylohyoid from mandibular

36

posterior diagastric innnervation

facial VI

37

innervation of mylohyoid

nerve to mylohyoid from mandibular V3

38

innervation of geniohyoid

ant. rami of C1 carriers with hypoglossal

39

sternohyoid innervated by

ant rami of c1-c3 ansa cervicalis

40

omohyoid innervated by

ant rami of c1-c3 ansa cervicalis

41

thyrohyoid innervated by

ant rami of c1 carried along with hypoglossal XI

42

sternothyroid innervated by

ant rami of c1-c3 ansa cervicalis

43

what artery is found level to the hyoid bone

lingual artery

44

nerve innervates trapezius

accessory

45

nerve innervates sternocleidomastoid

accessory

46

scalene muscles innervated by

antterior rami of C5-C7

47

omohyoid innervated by

ansa cervicalis

48

rectus capitus anterior innervated by

ant rami c2-c2

49

rectus capitus lateralis innervated by

ant rami c1-c2

50

longus capitus and longus coli innervated by

ant rami

51

branches off subclavian artery

vertebral
thyrocervical trunk
inferior thyroid
ascending cervical
transverse cervical
suprascapular, internal thoracic, costocervical truink
deep cervical
supreme intercostal arter

52

menumonic for subclavian artyer branches

very tired individuals sip strong coffee served daily

53

external ear consists of ....

auricle, and external auditory meatus

54

muscles of the auricle are innervated by

facial

55

blood supply to the ear includes

superficial temporal, posterior auricular, deep auricular

56

middle ear is located within

temporal bone

57

the middle ear opens to the pharnyx via

pharyngotympanic tube and mastoid antrum

58

three mechanisms that prevent damage to internal ear

auditoryt ube, shape of ossicle joints, middle ear muscles

59

what bone seperates the middle ear cavity from the middle brain

tegman tympani

60

nerves within middle ear cavity

VIII
lesser petrosal
corticotympanic plexus, typanic plexus, typanic nerve, chordatympany

61

which bone can you see through the tynpanic membrane

malleus

62

external surface of the typanic membrane innervated by

3/4 via auriculotemporal, X, VII

63

internal surface of tympanic membrane innervated by

CN IX

64

what ear structure goes through the superior constrictor muscle

pharyngotympanic tube

65

fracture of the external auditory meatus can result in

bleeding ear and leakage of CSF

66

incus malleus joint is

saddle

67

incus stapedial is what type of joint

ball and socket

68

malleus head articulates with

incus

69

tensor tympani innervated by

V

70

stapedius msulce innerated by

nerve to stapedius from facial

71

function of stapedius muscle

dampens vibrations from the ossicles

72

external ear lymph

mastoid

73

middle ear lymph

parotid, jugulodigastric

74

auditory tube

retropharyngeal

75

inner ear is found in what part of the temporal bone

petrous portion

76

outer surface of the ear cutaneous innervation

great auricular nerve and lesser occipital and auriculartemporal

77

deeper portion of the ear is innervated by

vagus nerve (x) and facial VII

78

tympanic nerve is a branch off _________

glossopharyngeal and internal carotid plexus

79

tympanic plexus gives rise to what nerve

lesser petrosal nerve

80

sensory to upper ant portion of ear

trigeminal via auriculotemporal nerve

81

concha area of ear sensory is

vagus and glossopharyngeal

82

posterir helix portion is sensory

facial

83

lower ear lobe

cervical plexus, lesser occipital nerves and greater auricular nerve

84

anterior 2/3 sensory to tongue is via

lingual v3 and vII chorda tympani via lingual

85

posterior 1/3 of tongue sensory is

IX and a small X

86

sublinqual absorption of drugs

drugs quickly enter sulingual vein and then inter IJV

87

sublingual caruncles

raised papilla like openigs of submandibular glands

88

sublingual folds

opens for sublingual ducts

89

deep portion of the submandibular gland over lies

mylohyoid muscle

90


_____________supplies the palatine tonsil

tonsillar artery

91

What are the sumandibular branches of facial

ascneding palatine, tonsillar, submental, glandular

92

submandibular and sublinqual glands arterial supply

submental a

93

parasympathetic innervation to submandibular glands and sublingual glands is via

facial N l chorda tympani

94

anterior nasal cavity drains

facial/submandibular nodes

95

posterior nasal cavity drains

submucosal plexus to torus tubarius to jugulodigastric

96

what are the three points of attachment for the lateral walls of the pharynx

medial plate of the pterygoid, hammulus
stylohyoid lig
thyroid/cricoid cartialge

97

the hyoid seperates what constrictors of the pharnyx

middle and inferior

98

constrictors of the pharnyx are innervated by

vagus nerve

99

the ___________is posterior to the stylopharyngeus muscle and then moves lateral to it

glossopharyngeal

100

What are the three longitudinal muscles that elevate the pharyngeal wall

salpingopharyngeus
palatopharygeus
styloparyngeus

101

longitudinal muscles of pharyngeal wall innervated by

vagus nerve

102

what structures pass superior to superior constrictor

levator veli palatini, tendon of tensor veli palatini

103

what passes throuh the thyrohyoid membrane

superior laryngeal a/v
internal laryngeal nerve

104

what passes below the inferior constrictor

recurrent laryngeal

105

what lies beneath torus levatorius

levator palatini

106

sensory innervation of nasopharnyx

v2

107

sensory innervation of oropharnyx

glossopharyngeal

108

sensory to laryngopharnyx

vagus

109

what is at risk when a tonsilectomy is performed

tonsilar artery
tonsilar vein
glossopharyngeal N

110

cricothyroid innervated by

superior laryngeal nerve

111

laryngeal muscles innervtaed by recurrent laryngeal branch of vagus

thyroarytenoid
transverse arytenoid
oblique arytenoid
posterior crico-arytenoid

112

what muscle lowers pitch

thyroarytenoid

113

what provides sensory innervation above the vocal folds

internal branch of superior laryngeal nerve

114

what provide sensory innervation below vocal folds

recurrent laryngeal

115

what are the layers of the scalp

skin
connective tissue (dense)
aponeurosis
loose connective tissue
pericranium

116

where is the muscle found in the scalp

aponeurotic layer

117

what arteries supply the anterior scalp

supratrochelar and supraorbital

118

what arteries supply infront of the ear of the scalop

superficial temporal

119

what arteris supply behind the ear of the scalp

posterior auricular

120

what artery supplys the back of the scalp

occipital

121

what nerve supplies cutaneous to back of scalp

greater occipital (dorsal rami c2)

122

what nerve supplies behind the ear of scalp

lesser occipital

123

what nerve supplies infront of the ear of the scalop

auriculotemporal n

124

what nerve supplies infront of the ear of the scalp more anteiror

zygomaticotemporal

125

what nerve supplies anterior portion of scalp

supratrochlear, supraorbital via frontal nerve

126

upper eye lid sensory

v1

127

point of nose

v1

128

lower eyelid

v2

129

upper lip

v2

130

lower lip

v3

131

inner ear

v3

132

outer ear

great auriicular

133

notrils

v2

134

arteries of the face

superficial temporal gives transverse facial artery
facial
-in/sup labial
-lat nasal
angular facial

135

maxillary artery gives what branch of artery to help supply below the eyeball

infraorbital a

136

opthalmic artery give rise to what arteries of the face

supratrochlear, supraorbital, dorsal nasal, zygomaticotemporal, zygomaticofacial

137

what are the branches off facial nerve

temporal
zygomatic
buccal
mandibular
cervical

138

motor innervation of the face is via

facial n

139

where does the facial nerve exit the skull

stylomastoid foramen

140

sensory to parotid gland

great auricular nerve

141

parasympatehtics to parotid gland

lesser petrosal n, synpases in otic ganglion, hitchikes on auriculotemporal N (V3)

142

sympathetic to parotid gland

superior cervical ganglion

143

what are the two layers of dura mater called

periosteal and meningeal layers

144

dural venous sinuses are within what meningeal layers

dura

145

anterior dura innervated by

v1

146

middle dura innervated by

v2 and v3

147

poterior fossa innervated by

c1,c2,c3 and vagus

148

blood supply to the dura is

mostly middle meningeal a

149

between arachnoid and dura bridging cerebral veins

subdural hematoma

150

masster muscle innervated by

trigeminal v3

151

temporalis muscle innervated by

trigeminal

152

what muscles function in protrusion of mandible

lateral pterygoid and medial pterygoid

153

what muscles function in retraction of mandible

temporalis, masseter and geniohyoid and digastric

154

muscles that function in elevation

temporalis, masseter and medial pterygoid

155

depression of mandible is by what muscles

gravity, digastric, geniohyoid and mylohyoid

156

contents of infratemporal fossa

sphenomandibular ligament, medial and lateral pterygoid
maxillary artery
pterygoid venous plexus
V3
chorda tympani
lesser petrosal
post sup alveolar

157

accessory meningeal artery enters what part of the skull

foramen ovale

158

middle meningeal artery enters what part the skull

formane spinosum