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Flashcards in Head and Neck Practice Questions Deck (61):
1

The _______ nerve (a motor nerve) traverses the occipital triangle, a division of the posterior triangle of the neck

accessory

2

The platysma muscle is innervated by the _______ branch of the _______ nerve.

cervical; facial

3

The superior and inferior labial arteries are both direct branches of the ______.

facial artery

4

Abduction, depression, and intorsion of the eye are all functions of the _______ muscle.

superior oblique

5

Protrusion of the _______ is the function of the genioglossus muscle.

tongue

6

_______ veins are located in the subarachnoid space surrounding the brain.

superficial cerebral

7

The nerve of the pterygoid canal enters the _______ fossa by traversing the pterygoid canal

pterygopalatine

8

The greater petrosal nerve is the parasympathetic root of the _______ ganglion

pterygopalatine

9

The _______ reflex tests the snsory function of the gloosopharyngeal nerve and the motor function of the vagus nerve.

gag

10

The venous drainage of the scalp and superior sagittal sinus are interconnected through a series of _______ veins.

emissary

11

The _______ dural venous sinus is positioned along the margin of the tentorium cerebelli.

transverse

12

The branches of the _______ artery are typically positioned medial to the pterion.

middle meningeal

13

The _______ muscle enters the pharynx by passing between the superior and middle constricutor muscles

stylopharyngeus

14

The _______ incisors are typically innervated by the anterior superior alveolar nerves.

upper

15

The laryngeal mucosa _______ to the vocal folds is innervated by the recurrent laryngeal nerve.

inferior

16

The posterior division of the _______ and the posterior auricular vein are the two tributaries of the _______.

retromandibular vein; external jugular vein

17

As it emerges from the interpedunculuar fossa, the _______ nerve typically passes between the posterior cerebral and superior cerebellar arteries.

oculomotor

18

The meningeal branch of the mandibular nerve re-enters the skull by traversing the _______

foramen spinosum

19

The glossopharyngeal, vagus, and accessory nerves all exit the _______ fossa by traversing the _______ foramen.

posterior cerebral; jugular

20

The prevertebral fascia of the neck is continuous with the _______ sheath of the upper extremity.

axillary

21

The anterior longitudinal ligament of the spine may be torn during a severe _______ (movement) of the neck.

hyperextension

22

The _______ nerve traverses the cavernous sinus adjacent to the internal carotid artery.

abducens

23

The hypoglossal nerve emerges from the _______ between the pyramid and the _______.

medulla; olive

24

The _______ veins interconnect the venous drainage of the face and orbit with the cavernous sinus.

ophthalmic

25

The _______, lacrimal and trochlear nerves all travers the superior orbital fissure superior to the annuluar (common tendinous) ring.

ophthalmic

26

The superior oblique muscles of the eye receives its sensory innervation from branches of the _______ nerve.

ophthalmic

27

The inferior alveolar artery is typically a direct branch of the _______ artery.

maxillary

28

The _______ nerve, a sensory branch of the mandibular nerve passes medial to the lateral pterygoid muscle and posterior to the neck of the mandible.

auriculotemporal

29

The stapedius muscle attaches in part to the _______ (ossicle) and is innervated by a branch of the facial nerve.

stapes

30

The submental branch of the _______ artery typically anastomoses (directly) with the _______ branch of the lingual artery.

facial; sublingual

31

The obliquus capitis inferior muscle attaches in part to the _______ of the atlas and function in ipsilateral rotation of the head.

transverse process

32

The _______ reflex tests the parasympathetic motor function of the third cranial nerve.

pupillary

33

The posterior cricoarytenoid muscle is the only _______ (movement) of the vocal folds.

abductor

34

The mylohyoid muscle forms the floor of the _______ cavity.

oral

35

The _______ nerve provides sensory innervation to the molars of the lower jaw.

inferior alveolar

36

The upper compartment of the TMJ is classified (synovial) as a _______ joint.

gliding (plane)

37

The muscles of mastication are derived from the _______ pharyngeal (branchial) arch.

first (mandibular prominence)

38

The carotid sheath surrounds the carotid artery , internal jugular vein, and _______ nerve.

vagus

39

The subclavian vein typically passes directly anterior to the _______ muscle.

anterior scalene

40

The _______ muscle extends from vertebral body to vertebral body and functions in flexion of the neck.

longus colli

41

The _______ with the associated tympanic plexus is located in the medial wall of the middle ear.

promontory

42

The cell bodies of the postganglionic parasympathetic neurons innervated the _______ gland are gound in the otic ganglion.

parotid

43

The _______ reflex tests the sensory innervation of the 5th cranial nerve and the motor function of the 7th cranial nerve

corneal (blink)

44

The _______ muscle functions to elevate the larynx and is innervated by a branch of ventral ramus C1.

thyrohyoid

45

The _______ traverse the transverse foramina of the cervical vertebrae.

vertebral artery (and vein)

46

The tectorial membrane is continuous with the ______ ligament of the vertebral column.

posterior longitudinal

47

The sphenoid sinus typically drains into the _______ of the nasal cavity.

sphenoethmoidal recess

48

The _______ nodes typically receive the direct lymphatic drainage of the skin overlying the superior attachment of the trapezius muscle.

occipital

49

The _______ muscle extends from the spinous process of the axis to the occipital bone and is innervated by a branch of dorsal ramus C1

rectus capitis posterior major

50

The _______ and the ramus of the mandible form the lateral boundary of the infratemporal fossa

zygomatic arch

51

Proximal to the superior orbital fissure, the oculomotor and trochlear nerves are positioned in the lateral wall of the _______ sinus.

cavernous

52

The medial and lateral pterygoid muscles function during the side-to-side grinding motion of the _______.

mandible

53

The _______ lymph nodes are typically positioned adjacent to the internal jugular vein.

deep cervical

54

The _______ muscle recevies its motor innervation from the temporal and zygomatic branches of the facial nerve.

orbicularis oculi

55

The nasalis muscle actively contracts during _______ of the nostrils.

flaring

56

The facial nerve is closely associated with the _______ wall of the middle ear.

posterior

57

The temporalis, masseter, and medial pterygoid muscles all function to _______ (movement) the mandible.

elevate

58

The buccopharyngeal fascia is continuous with the _______ fascia of the neck

pretracheal

59

The _______ membrane is continuous with the posterior longitudinal ligament.

tectorial

60

The _______ nerve innervates all the muscles of the palate except for the tensor palatini.

vagus (pharyngeal branch)

61

The _______ and _______ communicate through the auditory tube.

nasal pharynx and middle ear.