head,neck, & airway Flashcards Preview

Clinical Methods Final > head,neck, & airway > Flashcards

Flashcards in head,neck, & airway Deck (32):
1

which gland presents itself as an airway emergency?

submandibular gland

2

Which artery can you palpate pulse on the head

superficial temporal

3

where is tear fluid produced?

lacrimal gland

4

tears drain into the nose via what duct?

nasolacrimal duct

5

what part of the eye controls thickness of lens for focusing?

ciliary body

6

what fills the anterior and posterior chambers of the eye?

aquesous humor

7

what part of the ear senses and codes information for the brain?

cochlea (inner ear)

8

what are 2 pathways of hearing?

1. conductive (external to middle)
2. sensorineural (involves cochlea and CN VIII)

9

what are principle functions of nose?

cleansing
humidification
temp control of inspired air

10

what could be a potential problem with insertion of a nasal trumpet?

nasal cavity high vascular
risk of bleed and drain into pharynx, possible to get on vocal cords

11

what connects the tounge to the floor of the mouth

lingual frenulum

12

what number are the top 2 central incisors? bottom 2?

top 8-9
bottom 24-25

13

what are the borders of the anterior triangle of the neck?

mandible
SCM
midline of neck

14

What are the borders of the posterior trianble of the neck?

SCM
Trapezius
Clavicle

15

what are the great vessels of the neck?

Internal Jugular vein
external jugular vein
carotid artery

16

what structure do the great vessels lie under?

SCM

17

term for farsighted?

hyperopia / prebyopia

18

term for nearsigted?

myopia

19

term for dark area/ spot surrounded by normal vision?

scotomas

20

term for double vision?

diplopia

21

what is direct reaction vs consensual reaction of the pupil

consensual - other pupil reacts when light shined in opposite eye
direct - only the pupil being shined on reacts

22

term for fine rhythmic oscillations of the eyes

nystagmus

23

On exam with opthalmoscope what should be seen?

optic disc
retina - arteries, veins, & macula

24

what disease can be detected with opthalmic exam?

Glaucoma
Diabetes
Meningitis
Subarachnoid hemorrhages
trauma
brain masses
uncontrolled hypertension
macular degeneration.

25

what should be observed when examing the ear drum?

cone of light -- distortions = problems

26

what is the weber test for ?

hearing lateralization -- detect unilateral loss

27

what is Rinne test?

compares air vs bone conduction loss

28

what nerve is being tested when patient is asked to stick out tongue to test for symmetry

CN XII

29

What nerve is associated with rise of soft palate?

CN X

30

What are the markers of a difficult laryngoscopy?

MAL III or IV
thyromental distance < 6 cm
mouth opening < 3 cm
Neck pathology - mass, surg. scar, radiation
thick neck
limited cervical range of motion

31

what are the MAL scores?

Grade 1: Most of glottis visible
Grade 2: Only posterior portion of glottis visible
Grade 3: Epiglottis, but none of glottis visible
Grade 4: No airway structures visualized

32

What does the airway exam consist of ?

1 Mallampati classification
2 thyromental distance
3 mouth opening
4 cervical flexion/extension
5 prognation