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Flashcards in Health Deck (19):
1

Affect

psychological term for an observable expression of emotion.
A person's affect is the expression of emotion or feelings displayed to others through facial expressions, hand gestures, voice tone, and other emotional signs such as laughter or tears.

2

Aggression

any act that is intended to cause pain, suffering, or damage to another person.

3

Alienation

The state of being emotionally separated from others and from one's own feelings

4

Antidepressants

Medications used to treat depression.

5

Antisocial behavior

A pattern of behavior that is verbally or physically harmful to other people, animals, or property, including behavior that severely violates social expectations for a particular environment

6

Antisocial personality disorder

A behavior disorder developed by a small percentage of children with conduct disorder whose behavior does not improve as they mature. Also known as sociopathic or psychopathy.

7

Anxiety/ anxiety disorders

An unpleasant emotion triggered by anticipation of future events, memories of past events, or ruminations about the self.

8

Apathy

can be defined as an absence or suppression of emotion, feeling, concern or passion, and it is an indifference to things generally found to be exciting or moving.

9

Applied psychology

The area of psychology in which basic theory and research are applied to the actual problems faced by individuals on a daily basis.

10

Attention deficit/ hyperactivity disorder

Disorder characterized by attentional deficit and/or hyperactivity—impulsivity more severe than expected for a developmental age.

11

Autism

A severe psychological disorder that first appears in early childhood and is characterized by impaired social interaction and language development, and other behavioral problems.

12

Autonomic nervous system

he nervous system responsible for regulating automatic bodily processes, such as breathing and heart rate. The autonomic system also involves the processes of metabolism, or the storage and expenditure of energy.

13

Avoidance learning

An individual's response to avoid an unpleasant or stressful situation; also known as escape learning.

14

Behavior Therapy

A goal-oriented, therapeutic approach that treats emotional and behavioral disorders as maladaptive learned responses that can be replaced by healthier ones with appropriate training.

15

Biofeedback

A technique that allows individuals to monitor their own physiological processes so they can learn to control them.

16

Bipolar disorder

A condition (traditionally called manic depression) in which a person alternates between the two emotional extremes of depression and mania (an elated, euphoric mood).

17

Body image

The subjective conception of one's own body, based largely on evaluative judgments about how one is perceived by others.

18

Central Nervous System

In humans, that portion of the nervous system that lies within the brain and spinal cord; it receives impulses from nerve cells throughout the body, regulates bodily functions, and directs behavior.

19

Classical Conditioning

The process of closely associating a neutral stimulus with one that evokes a reflexive response so that eventually the neutral stimulus alone will evoke the same response.