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Flashcards in Health Deck (125):
1

What is health?

The relative and subjective perception of the overall well being of a person. It is dynamic and it encompasses the physical, emotional, mental/cognitive, spiritual and social state of an individual.

2

What are the five dimensions of health?

Physical, emotional, mental/cognitive, spiritual and social

3

What has interactions got to do with health?

Each dimension interacts with each other and is an influence

4

What are the 11 aspects that should be included in a definition of health?

Dynamic
relative
subjective
Multi-dimensional
Continuum
Perceptions

physical
social
mental/cognitive
emotional
spiritual

5

What is the physical aspect of health?

The physical functioning of the body and the things that relate to this
(physical activity, nutrition, sleep, fitness and absences of sense of disease)

6

What is the social aspect of health?

One's ability to interact with other individuals
Eg. involves building healthy relationships, fostering a positive self-image, improving interpersonal social skills and accepting diversity.

7

What is the emotional aspect of health?

Someone's ability to cope, adjust and adapt to changes and challenges

8

What is the cognitive aspect of health?

Our ability to process knowledge and be able to access information

9

What is the spiritual aspect of health?

It involves finding the purpose and meaning in your life

10

What is a continuum?

The scale of how well you think that you are doing in each dimension

11

What dimension of health includes good organisation skills?

Cognitive

12

Which dimension of health relates to being able to cope healthily with illness?

Physical

13

Which dimension of health relates to being able to cope with stress?

Emotional

14

Which dimension of health relates to being able to process consequences?

Cognitive

15

Which dimension of health relates to self esteem?

Emotional

16

Which dimension of health relates to personal values?

Spiritual

17

Which dimension of health relates to belief in a higher being?

Spiritual

18

Which dimension of health relates to accepting diversity?

Social

19

Which dimension of health relates to decision making?

Cognitive

20

Which dimension of health relates to resilience?

Emotional

21

Which dimension of health relates to building healthy relationships?

Social

22

Which dimension of health relates to nutrition?

Physical

23

Which dimension of health relates to sleep?

Physical

24

Which dimension of health relates to fostering a positive self-image?

Social

25

Which dimension of health relates to interactions with friends, family and community?

Social

26

Which dimension of health relates to exercise?

Physical

27

How can we measure health?

We can’t measure it as it is subjective.
You can measure some physical aspects but not much else.

28

Why is health relative?

It relates to who we are and what our health could be

29

What is the term used to describe the ever changing nature of health?

Dynamic

30

What is the term when you compare your health with others, your own previous health and your potential health?

Relative

31

What is the term for the all encompassing view of health?

Wholistic

32

What is the line between good and bad health?

Continuum

33

What is an essay plan structure

SEXY

34

What does SEXY stand for

S- State the point
E- Elaborate and explaining your point
X- Use relevant examples
Y- Give reasons why this is relevant to the question

35

What is a perception of health?

How people view their health

36

What is a social construct?

Our definition of health that has been shaped by external circumstances

37

What does the NHPA stand for?

The National Health Priority Area

38

What are the 7 priorities of the NHPA?

Cardiovascular disease (CVD)
Cancer
Mental illness
Disability/injury
Arthritis
Respiratory diseases
Diabetes

39

What are examples of prevalent health issues in Australia?

Anything on the NHPA

40

What health problems are prevalent among Australia’s young people?

Obesity
Mental health
Exposure to harmful substances
Health gap between indigenous and non-indigenous

41

What are the dimensions of health?

Emotional
Physical
Mental/cognitive
Social
Spiritual

42

True or false:
Perceptions are relative

True

43

How is health dynamic?

A person's health changes over time, with factors such as age and experiences

44

Why is health relative?

Because it relates to a person's potential for good health

45

What are the perceptions of the health of others influenced by?

Health inequalities which can be formed by socio-economic or environmental factors

46

How does a person's perception of their health, impact them?

It determines whether they take appropriate action in regards to their health

47

How does health perceptions impact at the societal level?

It drives the agenda of agencies responsible for promoting and implementing good health strategies

48

What does the socio-cultural view of health suggest?

That health is a social construct that is altered by the environment in which they live

49

What does the bio-medical approach to health suggest?

That the body is a biological machine and any ill health is a result of the ill-functioning aspects of the individual, not the society

50

Why do some groups in society have a better chance than others to achieve their full health potential?

Because circumstances and determinants can affect an individuals health

51

What are the four areas of the determinants of health?

Environmental
Individual
Socio-economic
Socio-cultural factors

52

What are the environmental determinants?

Access to health services AGE
Access to technology AGE
Geographic location AGE

53

What are the individual determinants?

Genetics NM
Knowledge M
Skills M
Attitudes M

54

What are the socio-economic factors?

Employment AGE
Income AGE
Education AGE

55

What are the socio-cultural determinants

Media M
Religion M
Family NM/AGE
Culture/ethnicity NM
Peers M

56

Can past experiences and memories shape a persons health?

Yes, definitely

57

What is modifiable factor?

Factors that individuals can influence

58

What is non-modifiable factor?

Factors that can not be changed by an individual

59

What are the three general categories of behaviour change?

Pre-disposing factors
Enabling Factors
Re-inforcing factors

60

What are pre-disposing factors?

Factors that position us towards different behaviours

61

What are examples of pre-disposing factors?

Life experiences
knowledge
culture
ethnicity
religion etc.

62

What are enabling factors?

Factors that encourage or discourage behaviour change

63

What are examples of enabling factors?

Physical, emotional and mental capabilities
community
government priority
health resources/facilities

64

What are re-inforcing factors?

the presence or absence of support and encouragement

65

What are examples of re-inforcing factors?

employer actions and policies
health provider costs
community resources
access to health education

66

Is health solely an individuals responsibility

no, it is influenced by a variety of other interrelating factors such as environment and social constructs

67

What term refers to the incidence or level of illness or sickness in a given population?

morbidity

68

What was the definition of health developed by the World Health Organisation in 1946?

Health is a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity

69

What is Chlamydia

a sexually transmitted bacterial infection

70

True or false
A person's health is a static state

false

71

true or false
people from low socioeconomic backgrounds generally experience higher levels of health than people from high socio-economic backgrounds

false

72

Young Australians living in remote communities generally experience poorer levels of health compared to others
true or false

True

73

Identify three examples of mental health disorders

anxiety
anorexia
depression

74

What is the leading cause of injury and death for young people?

unintentional injury

75

identify 5 risk behaviours common around young drivers

speeding
drink driving
driving too fast for conditions
driving too close to the vehicle ahead
using phone while driving

76

Identify three diseases or illnesses than can result from excessive alcohol consumption in the longer term

liver disease
cancers
cardiovascular disease

77

what are the major factors that influence a person's health?

the determinants of health

78

What is the name of Australia's government-funded health scheme that ensures all Australians receive a certain level of health care?

Medicare

79

What is self-efficacy

a person's belief in their ability to bring about change

80

true or false
remote areas are those with a population of less than 5000

true

81

identify two issues that might negatively effect the health of indigenous people in remote locations

exposure to drugs and alcohol
limited access to health services
poor education

82

what is 'health literacy'?

the ability of individuals to obtain, process and understand basic health services needed to make healthy decisions

83

what is the social construct of health?

an idea that recognises that people have different views of health based on social circumstances

84

factors that influence behaviour change can be divided into three general categories
which category refers to the 'presence or absense of support and encouragement'?

re-inforcing factors

85

What is health promotion?

It is the process that enables people to improve or have greater control over their health

86

Health promotion involves an individual or group being able to:

identify or realise aspirations
satisfy needs
change with the environment

87

what are the six health promotion strategies?

preventative health services
community based work
environmental health
economic/regulatory activities
organisational development
public policies

88

In the area of health promotion, what is an example of preventative health services?

breast cancer screening
melanoma checks

89

In the area of health promotion, what is an example of community based work?

radio programs that promote "health events"
events to raise money for health charities

90

In the area of health promotion, what is an example of environmental health?

reusable bags
reusable bottles/cups
no smoking areas
walking/bike paths
areas for exercise

91

In the area of health promotion, what is an example of health education?

sexual/drug health in PDHPE
healthy canteen
healthy harold

92

In the area of health promotion, what is an example of economic/regulatory activities?

restrictions on the sale of alcohol
wearing a seat belt
tax and age restrictions on legal substances

93

In the area of health promotion, what is an example of Organisational development?

health promoting schools
medicare
helplines

94

In the area of health promotion, what is an example of public policies?

wearing a seat belt
banning smoking in areas
rules around supplying alcohol
driving laws

95

what is advocacy

active verbal support for a cause of position

96

what is an advocate

someone who actively supports a cause

97

When and by whom was the Ottawa Charter formed by?

WHO in 1986

98

What are the Ottawa Charter's five areas of health promotion?

Developing
Creating
Strengthening
Re-orientating
Building

99

What does the D stand for in the Ottawa Charter's areas of health promotion?

Developing personal skills (education)

100

What does the C stand for in the Ottawa Charter's areas of health promotion?

Creating supportive environments (school/organisation)

101

What does the S stand for in the Ottawa Charter's areas of health promotion?

Strengthening COMMUNITY action

102

What does the R stand for in the Ottawa Charter's areas of health promotion?

Re-orientating Health services (local council/government)

103

What does the B stand for in the Ottawa Charter's areas of health promotion?

Building Public Policy (government, laws/rules)

104

Examples of developing personal skills (education)

PDHPE in schools
Healthy choice promoting media campaigns
Anti-smoking programs
Non-government agencies (cancer council)

105

Examples of creating supportive environments

smoke alarms
padded sports equipment
recycling programs
protection of rainforests

106

Examples of strengthening community action

health promoting schools
driver revivor
self help groups ie. alcoholics anonymous

107

Examples of re-orientating health services

increased funding for promotion and research
immunisation programs in schools
police lecturing in schools

108

Examples of building public health policy

smoke-free work places and public buildings
reduced taxation on reduced risk products ie.low alcohol beer
compulsory swimming pool fencing
incentives for private health insurance

109

how does my school promote healthy behaviours?

healthy school canteen
PDHPE
Fruit break for middle school
Rec sport
school camps etc.

110

What are the three components of the Health Promoting School framework?

1 Curriculum, teaching and learning
2 School organisation, ethos and environment
3 Partnerships and services

111

What are three partnerships that we have at our school?

TAFE
Sports Academy links
Head space organised talks

112

What does the Principles of Social Justice suggest?

To reach optimum health for everyone, equal opportunity is needed.

113

While equal opportunity rights apply to everyone, social justice targets...

disadvantages or marginalised groups in society

114

What are the three principles of social justice?

Equity
Diversity
Supportive Environments

115

What does the principle of Equity mean?

That resources and funds are distributed fairly and without discrimination

116

What is an example of health equity in Australia?

Medicare

117

What does the principle of Diversity mean?

Creating a society that values diversity and eliminates prejudice and discrimination.
It involves all members of the community making decisions

118

What does the principle of Supportive Environments mean?

Creating supportive environments are key to fostering good health for everyone

119

What is the AHRC?

The Australian Human Rights Commission

120

What is the Australian Human Rights Commission responsible for?

Supporting and promoting human rights for all Australians

121

What is Epidemiology?

The health and health status

122

What are the four aspects researched in epidemiology?

Mortality rate
morbidity rate
infant mortality rate
life expectancy

123

How have the principles of social justice been applied to supportive environments?

By creating:
schools/education
clubs/churches
community groups

124

How have the principles of social justice been applied to equity?

by creating free doctors services (dentist) and
medicare

125

How have the principles of social justice been applied to diversity?

by creating a culture of 'respect"