Flashcards in Health Deck (125):
What is health?
The relative and subjective perception of the overall well being of a person. It is dynamic and it encompasses the physical, emotional, mental/cognitive, spiritual and social state of an individual.
What are the five dimensions of health?
Physical, emotional, mental/cognitive, spiritual and social
What has interactions got to do with health?
Each dimension interacts with each other and is an influence
What are the 11 aspects that should be included in a definition of health?
What is the physical aspect of health?
The physical functioning of the body and the things that relate to this
(physical activity, nutrition, sleep, fitness and absences of sense of disease)
What is the social aspect of health?
One's ability to interact with other individuals
Eg. involves building healthy relationships, fostering a positive self-image, improving interpersonal social skills and accepting diversity.
What is the emotional aspect of health?
Someone's ability to cope, adjust and adapt to changes and challenges
What is the cognitive aspect of health?
Our ability to process knowledge and be able to access information
What is the spiritual aspect of health?
It involves finding the purpose and meaning in your life
What is a continuum?
The scale of how well you think that you are doing in each dimension
What dimension of health includes good organisation skills?
Which dimension of health relates to being able to cope healthily with illness?
Which dimension of health relates to being able to cope with stress?
Which dimension of health relates to being able to process consequences?
Which dimension of health relates to self esteem?
Which dimension of health relates to personal values?
Which dimension of health relates to belief in a higher being?
Which dimension of health relates to accepting diversity?
Which dimension of health relates to decision making?
Which dimension of health relates to resilience?
Which dimension of health relates to building healthy relationships?
Which dimension of health relates to nutrition?
Which dimension of health relates to sleep?
Which dimension of health relates to fostering a positive self-image?
Which dimension of health relates to interactions with friends, family and community?
Which dimension of health relates to exercise?
How can we measure health?
We can’t measure it as it is subjective.
You can measure some physical aspects but not much else.
Why is health relative?
It relates to who we are and what our health could be
What is the term used to describe the ever changing nature of health?
What is the term when you compare your health with others, your own previous health and your potential health?
What is the term for the all encompassing view of health?
What is the line between good and bad health?
What is an essay plan structure
What does SEXY stand for
S- State the point
E- Elaborate and explaining your point
X- Use relevant examples
Y- Give reasons why this is relevant to the question
What is a perception of health?
How people view their health
What is a social construct?
Our definition of health that has been shaped by external circumstances
What does the NHPA stand for?
The National Health Priority Area
What are the 7 priorities of the NHPA?
Cardiovascular disease (CVD)
What are examples of prevalent health issues in Australia?
Anything on the NHPA
What health problems are prevalent among Australia’s young people?
Exposure to harmful substances
Health gap between indigenous and non-indigenous
What are the dimensions of health?
True or false:
Perceptions are relative
How is health dynamic?
A person's health changes over time, with factors such as age and experiences
Why is health relative?
Because it relates to a person's potential for good health
What are the perceptions of the health of others influenced by?
Health inequalities which can be formed by socio-economic or environmental factors
How does a person's perception of their health, impact them?
It determines whether they take appropriate action in regards to their health
How does health perceptions impact at the societal level?
It drives the agenda of agencies responsible for promoting and implementing good health strategies
What does the socio-cultural view of health suggest?
That health is a social construct that is altered by the environment in which they live
What does the bio-medical approach to health suggest?
That the body is a biological machine and any ill health is a result of the ill-functioning aspects of the individual, not the society
Why do some groups in society have a better chance than others to achieve their full health potential?
Because circumstances and determinants can affect an individuals health
What are the four areas of the determinants of health?
What are the environmental determinants?
Access to health services AGE
Access to technology AGE
Geographic location AGE
What are the individual determinants?
What are the socio-economic factors?
What are the socio-cultural determinants
Can past experiences and memories shape a persons health?
What is modifiable factor?
Factors that individuals can influence
What is non-modifiable factor?
Factors that can not be changed by an individual
What are the three general categories of behaviour change?
What are pre-disposing factors?
Factors that position us towards different behaviours
What are examples of pre-disposing factors?
What are enabling factors?
Factors that encourage or discourage behaviour change
What are examples of enabling factors?
Physical, emotional and mental capabilities
What are re-inforcing factors?
the presence or absence of support and encouragement
What are examples of re-inforcing factors?
employer actions and policies
health provider costs
access to health education
Is health solely an individuals responsibility
no, it is influenced by a variety of other interrelating factors such as environment and social constructs
What term refers to the incidence or level of illness or sickness in a given population?
What was the definition of health developed by the World Health Organisation in 1946?
Health is a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity
What is Chlamydia
a sexually transmitted bacterial infection
True or false
A person's health is a static state
true or false
people from low socioeconomic backgrounds generally experience higher levels of health than people from high socio-economic backgrounds
Young Australians living in remote communities generally experience poorer levels of health compared to others
true or false
Identify three examples of mental health disorders
What is the leading cause of injury and death for young people?
identify 5 risk behaviours common around young drivers
driving too fast for conditions
driving too close to the vehicle ahead
using phone while driving
Identify three diseases or illnesses than can result from excessive alcohol consumption in the longer term
what are the major factors that influence a person's health?
the determinants of health
What is the name of Australia's government-funded health scheme that ensures all Australians receive a certain level of health care?
What is self-efficacy
a person's belief in their ability to bring about change
true or false
remote areas are those with a population of less than 5000
identify two issues that might negatively effect the health of indigenous people in remote locations
exposure to drugs and alcohol
limited access to health services
what is 'health literacy'?
the ability of individuals to obtain, process and understand basic health services needed to make healthy decisions
what is the social construct of health?
an idea that recognises that people have different views of health based on social circumstances
factors that influence behaviour change can be divided into three general categories
which category refers to the 'presence or absense of support and encouragement'?
What is health promotion?
It is the process that enables people to improve or have greater control over their health
Health promotion involves an individual or group being able to:
identify or realise aspirations
change with the environment
what are the six health promotion strategies?
preventative health services
community based work
In the area of health promotion, what is an example of preventative health services?
breast cancer screening
In the area of health promotion, what is an example of community based work?
radio programs that promote "health events"
events to raise money for health charities
In the area of health promotion, what is an example of environmental health?
no smoking areas
areas for exercise
In the area of health promotion, what is an example of health education?
sexual/drug health in PDHPE
In the area of health promotion, what is an example of economic/regulatory activities?
restrictions on the sale of alcohol
wearing a seat belt
tax and age restrictions on legal substances
In the area of health promotion, what is an example of Organisational development?
health promoting schools
In the area of health promotion, what is an example of public policies?
wearing a seat belt
banning smoking in areas
rules around supplying alcohol
what is advocacy
active verbal support for a cause of position
what is an advocate
someone who actively supports a cause
When and by whom was the Ottawa Charter formed by?
WHO in 1986
What are the Ottawa Charter's five areas of health promotion?
What does the D stand for in the Ottawa Charter's areas of health promotion?
Developing personal skills (education)
What does the C stand for in the Ottawa Charter's areas of health promotion?
Creating supportive environments (school/organisation)
What does the S stand for in the Ottawa Charter's areas of health promotion?
Strengthening COMMUNITY action
What does the R stand for in the Ottawa Charter's areas of health promotion?
Re-orientating Health services (local council/government)
What does the B stand for in the Ottawa Charter's areas of health promotion?
Building Public Policy (government, laws/rules)
Examples of developing personal skills (education)
PDHPE in schools
Healthy choice promoting media campaigns
Non-government agencies (cancer council)
Examples of creating supportive environments
padded sports equipment
protection of rainforests
Examples of strengthening community action
health promoting schools
self help groups ie. alcoholics anonymous
Examples of re-orientating health services
increased funding for promotion and research
immunisation programs in schools
police lecturing in schools
Examples of building public health policy
smoke-free work places and public buildings
reduced taxation on reduced risk products ie.low alcohol beer
compulsory swimming pool fencing
incentives for private health insurance
how does my school promote healthy behaviours?
healthy school canteen
Fruit break for middle school
school camps etc.
What are the three components of the Health Promoting School framework?
1 Curriculum, teaching and learning
2 School organisation, ethos and environment
3 Partnerships and services
What are three partnerships that we have at our school?
Sports Academy links
Head space organised talks
What does the Principles of Social Justice suggest?
To reach optimum health for everyone, equal opportunity is needed.
While equal opportunity rights apply to everyone, social justice targets...
disadvantages or marginalised groups in society
What are the three principles of social justice?
What does the principle of Equity mean?
That resources and funds are distributed fairly and without discrimination
What is an example of health equity in Australia?
What does the principle of Diversity mean?
Creating a society that values diversity and eliminates prejudice and discrimination.
It involves all members of the community making decisions
What does the principle of Supportive Environments mean?
Creating supportive environments are key to fostering good health for everyone
What is the AHRC?
The Australian Human Rights Commission
What is the Australian Human Rights Commission responsible for?
Supporting and promoting human rights for all Australians
What is Epidemiology?
The health and health status
What are the four aspects researched in epidemiology?
infant mortality rate
How have the principles of social justice been applied to supportive environments?
How have the principles of social justice been applied to equity?
by creating free doctors services (dentist) and