Health and Growth Flashcards Preview

Psyc 351 > Health and Growth > Flashcards

Flashcards in Health and Growth Deck (30):
1

secular trend

changes in development that occurred over generations

2

failure to thrive

malnourished and fails to grow for no medical reason

3

cephalocaudal
proximodistal
differentiation

head-tail
close-further
simple-compelx

4

average birth weight
doubles @
triples @
2 yrs

average = 7 +- 1.25 lbs
x2 @ 4 mths
x3 @ 1 yr
2yrs = 1/5 adult weight and 1/2 adult height

5

growth patterns

most increase in infancy and puberty
girls peak first
boys surpass girls in puberty

legs inc in proportion to body as head dec in proportion

layer of fat in 1st yr
rapid fat gain in puberty

6

sleep patterns

infants sleep 16.5 hrs a day

by age 12 - 8 hrs

7

SIDS

sudden infant death syndrome

voluntary reflexes fade - can't move blanket
reticular formation malformalities

8

SIDS prevention

sleep on back
smoke free house
don't co-sleep
no blankets

9

cows milk @ what age

12 mths

10

wrong types of food

living off pizza
prevalent in Northern Canada
1/6 children in Canada

11

short term malnutrition

no breakfast
concentration problems
less active
breakfast programs in low SES neighborhoods

12

eat too little
OCD about eating

anorexia
orthorexia

13

experience expectant

genetically hardwired to have neurons develop in specific pattern
prepared for expected events/environments
causes critical periods

14

experience dependant

experience reinforces and stimulates brain growth
more stimulating environment = more neural connection

15

most sensitive sense at birth

smell

16

babinski

toe fanning

17

moro

arms out then in - arches back

18

palmar

grasps objects in hand

19

least developed sense at birth

sight

20

facial perception

blurry contrast @ 1 mth
make out face by 6 mths

21

crawling age

7-8 mths

22

standing age

11 mths

23

walking age

12 mths

24

2 years locomation

climb steps
kick
hop
walk backwards

25

handedness develops at what age

13 mths

26

zippers

3

27

buttons

5

28

laces

6

29

run

6 years

30

hold thin pencil

7 years