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Flashcards in Health Behaviours Deck (14)
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1

cognitive dissonance

When we know a behaviour is bad but instead of changing the behaviour we change our belief around it

2

sense of personal control

People who experience a strong sense of personal control experience less strain from stressors because they believe  they can control the stressor in some way

3

Locus of control

Internal (you believe you control what happens to you)  or external (chance controls what happens to you). People with an internal  locus of control are usually better able to manage stress.

4

Self-efficacy

Our belief about how effective we are at doing things

5

Catastrophizing

When people have an exaggerated negative response  which leads to more pain and distress

6

Social support

High social support decreases the likelihood that people  will develop illnesses and decreases recovery time when they do.

7

stages of change

precontemplation, contemplation, preparation, action, maintenance, relapse

8

motivational interviewing definition

A collaborative, person-centred form of guiding to elicit and strengthen  motivation for change. A style of talking with people constructively about  reducing their health risks and changing their behaviour.  

9

core skills for motivational interviewing (OARS)

O​pen questions, Affirmation, R​eflective listening (makes the patient feel like they have been heard), Summarising (allows the patient to agree or disagree with what you have said)

10

specific skills for motivational interviewing (READS)

roll with resistance, express empathy, avoid argumentation, develop discrepancy, support self-efficacy

11

classifying pain

duration (acute or chronic); cause (cancer or non-cancer); mechanism (nocioceptive or neuropathic)

12

rat model for dealing with pain

Recognise pain; Assess pain with SOCRATES; Treat with diagnosis

13

factors that affect treatment adherence

capability; opportunity (factors that encourage or discourage treatment); motivation

14

5 dimensions of adherence

Social and economic; Health care system; Condition-related; Therapy-related; Patient-related