Flashcards in Health Behaviours Deck (14)
When we know a behaviour is bad but instead of changing the behaviour we change our belief around it
sense of personal control
People who experience a strong sense of personal control experience less strain from stressors because they believe they can control the stressor in some way
Locus of control
Internal (you believe you control what happens to you) or external (chance controls what happens to you). People with an internal locus of control are usually better able to manage stress.
Our belief about how effective we are at doing things
When people have an exaggerated negative response which leads to more pain and distress
High social support decreases the likelihood that people will develop illnesses and decreases recovery time when they do.
stages of change
precontemplation, contemplation, preparation, action, maintenance, relapse
motivational interviewing definition
A collaborative, person-centred form of guiding to elicit and strengthen motivation for change. A style of talking with people constructively about reducing their health risks and changing their behaviour.
core skills for motivational interviewing (OARS)
Open questions, Affirmation, Reflective listening (makes the patient feel like they have been heard), Summarising (allows the patient to agree or disagree with what you have said)
specific skills for motivational interviewing (READS)
roll with resistance, express empathy, avoid argumentation, develop discrepancy, support self-efficacy
duration (acute or chronic); cause (cancer or non-cancer); mechanism (nocioceptive or neuropathic)
rat model for dealing with pain
Recognise pain; Assess pain with SOCRATES; Treat with diagnosis
factors that affect treatment adherence
capability; opportunity (factors that encourage or discourage treatment); motivation