What is the definition of a Hazard?
A hazard is a potential source of harm or adverse health effect on a person, people or environment.
What is the definition of a Risk?
This is where you assess the chance of being harmed by the potential hazards and whether that risk is high or low.
What are the 9 types of Hazards?
- Environmental hazards
- Biological hazards
- Chemcial hazards
- Psychological hazards
- Working condiitons
- Working practices
- Lack of security systems
- Physical hazards
- Musculoskeletal hazards
Give 2 examples of environmental hazards:
- Frayed carpet in the hallway
- Wet bathroom floor
Give 2 examples of biological hazards:
- Used bandages left on a bed
- Vomit not cleared off the floor
Give 2 examples of chemical hazards:
- unlocked medicine trolley in a hospital
- unlabelled cleaning fluids which are left out
Give 2 examples of psychological hazards:
- stress caused by waiting for carer or patient
- tiredness caused by heavy workload due to staff absences
Give 2 examples of working conditions thta may cause hazards:
- poor lighting so you can't see
- too hot or cold so can't concentrate
Give 2 examples of working practices that may cause hazards:
- lack of training for staff so they might cause injuries
- lack of proper supervison in terms of staffing ratios
Give 2 examples of lack of security systems:
- broken doors/windows
- broken buzzer system so anybody can enter
Give 2 examples of physical hazards:
Give an example of a musculoskeletal hazard:
Doing manual handling excessively without proper training and technique
What are the 4 impacts of hazards?
- injury or harm
- poor standards of care
- financial loss
What are the two types of abuse giving an example for each?
- intentional abuse - a carer stealing from a patients bag
- unintentional - a teacher forgetting to ask a child to wash their hands after using the toilet
Give 2 long-term effects of abuse:
- low self-esteem
- developing mental health issues such as depression
Give 2 short-term effects of abuse:
- bruises and cuts
- feeling tearful
What does MRSA stand for?
Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus
What does the HSE stand for?
Health and Safety Executive
What are the Health and Safety Executive?
The national independent regulator or official supervisory body for the health, safety and welfare of people in work settings in the UK.
Why is it important to carry out risk assessments?
- awareness and identification of potential hazards
- awareness and identification of actual hazards
- identification of those at risk such as employees
- preventing injuries
- preventing illness
- eliminate or control hazards
What are the responsibilities of Employers?
- provide a uniform
- provide PPE
- provide training on food hygiene
- provide training on manual handling
- carry out staff induction on personal belongings, staff room and meal breaks
What are the responsibilities of Employees?
- turn up to work suitably dressed
- tell employer if unwell/pregnant
- inform a member of staff if unsure about a task
- uphold confidentiality
- carry out duties in a safe and responsible manner
What is the definition of a policy?
It is a clear statement of intent by an organisation to implement a piece of legislation.
What is the definition of a procedure?
A clear set of guidelines/step-by-step procedures which an organisation expects its employees to follow.This is to follow the policy effectively and efficiently.
Give 5 names of policies:
- infection control policy
- manual handling policy
- food hygiene policy
- electrical safety policy
- fire safety policy
What are the 5 components that make up a policy?
- policy statement
- implementation plan
- methods of monitoring
What is the definition of a role?
Roles are the expectations that are held about an individual or an organisation.
What is the definition of a responsibility?
Responsibilities are the requirements and duties that are related to roles.
What are the 5 consequences of not meeting responsibilities?
- disciplinary action
- criminal prosecution
- being removed from professional registers
- causing injury or harm
- being injured or harmed
What does PPE stand for?
Personal Protective Equipment
What 3 personal hygiene practices can reduce the spread of infection?
- handwashing-with soap and hot water to prevent bacterial transfer to patients
- covering coughs/sneezes-prevents airborne contamination
- keeping nails short-prevents accumulation of dirt that may harbour bacteria
Give 2 pieces of PPE and explain how it protects practitioners:
- disposable gloves-acts as barrier from direct contact with bodily fluids
- face mask-stops airborne contamination spreading to patients from coughs
What are some roles of the Health and Safety Executive?
- enter premises and do spot checks
- check standards of workplace health and safety
- issue improvement and prohibiiton notices
- inspect and question staff
- give advcie on how to minimise risk
- prosecute employers who are in breach of the law
What does RIDDOR stand for?
Reporting of Injuries, Diseases and Dangerous Occurences Regulations
What is the principle of RIDDOR?
To give protection to workers by placing a legal responsibility on employers to provide safe working conditions – this is checked by investigation.
What are the key features of RIDDOR?
- Regulates reporting of certain serious accidents – specifies accidents which are usually very serious and may be caused by unsafe practices
- lists diseases which must be notified – aims to reduce infection spreading uncontrollably and safeguards health of general public
- regulates serious injuries which must be reported – by specifying time off work or in hospital
- ensures investigation follows any seriously harmful incident – prevents future occurrences
- prosecution of employers possible – encourages compliance with safe practice
- reporting rules – give protection to employees (sick pay safeguarded)
What first aid provisions should be taken in a workplace?
- Must provide an adequate first aid / medical kit – minimise risk to employees from accidents at work
- First aid kit must be fully labelled and there must be information on whereabouts of first aid kit – for speedy access
- First aid kit must contain items within expiry date
- Must have a person to take charge in an emergency (approved person) and information about where they are– need someone with overview and expertise who can be contacted quickly
- Accident book provided and notice stating location of accident book with information on how to use accident book
What information should be recorded in an accident form?
- name of person injured/taken ill
- date, time and place of incident/accident
- details of injury/illness
- treatment given and what happened to individual afterwards
- signed by person injured but if cannot then by the person completing the form
What procedures should be followed during a fire evacuation?
- raise the alarm – alert others, allow people to escape/not get trapped or burned
- call the fire service – people may be trapped and need rescuing, prevent further spread of fire
- close windows and doors – removes oxygen from fire and reduces spread
- move swiftly to the nearest fire exit – reduce risk of becoming injured or trapped
- walk don’t run – reduce risk of accidents or falls
- fire wardens/marshals/practitioners to check –
- gather in the designated area – place is safe and away from building and everyone knows where to go
- take a register to ensure everyone is out – know who is missing in case need to look for/rescue anyone
What are the key features of COSHH?
- to prevent disease/illness as a result of workplace exposure to hazardous substances
- require an adequate assessment of the risks to health
- require adequate control measures and equipment associated with them (including PPE)
- controls storage, handling, transportation of these materials
- sets safe quantitative limits for exposure, storage etc
What does COSHH stand for?
Control of Substances Hazardous to Health Regulations
What does DBS stand for?
Disclosure and Barring Service
What are 3 different types of evacuation?
- simultaneous evacuation
- progressive horizontal evacuation
- delayed evacuation
Why are fire doors important?
- protect means of escape
- maintains compartmentation by preventing passage of fire and smoke to unaffected areas
Give some fire safety measures excluding fire evacuation procedures:
- fire extinguishers working and not faulty
- windows and doors closed at night incase fire
- smoke alarms to detect smoke
- sprinklers to put fire out
- fire retardant doors and furniture
- staff trained in fire safety
What are the key features of the Food Safety Act of 1990?
- records of where food is from so it can be traced
- any unsafe food removed and incident report filled
- good personal hygiene maintained when working with food so safe to eat
- food labelled, advertised and presented in a way which isn't misleading
- food shouldn't contain anything that will damage customers
What does DR'S ABC stand for?
- Danger checks
- Response Assessment
- Shout for help
- Airway checks
- Breathing checks
- Circulation checks
What are the 3 responsibilities of a first aider?
- preserving life
- preventing deterioration
- promoting recovery
What steps should be carried out when moving a service user via a hoist ?