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Flashcards in Hearing and Speech Development Deck (18)
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1

At what point in-utero will a foetus be able to hear?

18 weeks

2

At what point in utero will a foetus respond to sound/voice?

26 weeks

3

How many babies will have severe bilateral hearing loss at birth?

1:1000

4

In terms of speech and language, what will a baby do at 3 months?

Cooing, recognise mother's voice

5

In terms of speech and language, what will a baby do at 6 months?

Babbling, turn to sound, make happy and sad sounds

6

In terms of speech and language, what will a baby do at 12 months?

Mama/dada, follows instructions

7

In terms of speech and language, what will a baby do at 18 months?

Say a few words, recognise body parts, animals and simple commands

8

In terms of speech and language, what will a baby do at 24 months?

Two word phrases, 50+ words, understand questions and follow commands

9

There is a huge variation in speech and language developments, but generally when should action be taken for delayed development?

If the child is 6 months or more behind

10

When is okay for a childs speech to not be fully developed at 2.5 years?

Bilingual

11

When can a child be referred to speech and language therapy for a hearing test?

When they are 27 months

12

What are the origins of profound hearing loss at birth?

Half are genetic and half are acquired e.g. maternal infection

13

Who gets neonatal screening for hearing loss?

All babies

14

How can you tell there is a hearing problem at a neonatal screen?

If there is no sound coming from the outer hair cells

15

How are cases of hearing loss in neonates treated? What is the outcome of this?

Cochlear implant- these children can develop normal speech

16

Describe Usher Syndrome?

Joint hearing and visual problems (retinitis pigmentosa) which is autosomal recessive and the commonest cause of joint hearing and visual loss

17

Describe Pendred Syndrome?

Hearing loss associated with a goitre (euthyroid or mildly hypothyroid) which is autosomal recessive and due to a malformation of the inner ear

18

Describe Alport's Syndrome?

Hearing loss with eye abnormalities and progressive renal disease. Can be autosomal recessive or X-linkes, and is due to an abnormality in collagen IV