Flashcards in Heart&Blood Deck (93):
_________ is the liquid portion of the blood.
Plasma is _________ of the blood volume.
Plasma _____ is water.
__________ is the most abundant of all the plasma proteins.
_________ is a rupture or bursting of red blood cells.
________ is cell eating.
_____, ______, and _____ all do phagocytosis.
Monocytes, neutrophils, and basophils
________ is the process that destroys bacteria.
Inflammation signs and symptoms:
redness, local heat, swelling, and pain.
________ is formation of a blood clot in a blood vessel.
the presence of pathogenic organisms or toxins in the blood
About ___ of the population are Rh positive.
______ = blood clotting
In many inflammations, chemical substances called pyrogens are formed, which are circulated by the _________.
The _______ controls the temperature.
_________ are activated during an allergic reaction.
________ is a hereditary disease in which the blood clots slowly or abnormally.
_____ is a deficiency in the number and/or percentage of red blood cells and the amount of hemoglobin in the blood.
______ leukocytes are formed in the bone marrow and spleen.
_______ is a vital portion of the red blood cells.
A blood disease which there is a decrease in the number of platelets is __________.
Immobility can cause ______.
When the patient is a donor for him/her self it is an _________.
the donor shares the same genetic type as the patient.
Type A- can receive a transfusion from ___ or _____
A- or O-
________is the process where cells can move through intercellular spaces.
______, ________, _______, and _______ can perform diapedesis.
Basophils, neutrophils, eosinophils, and monocytes
The average adult has _______ of blood.
8 to 10 pints
________ is necessary for clotting.
Another name for red blood cells is ______.
________ are biconcave disks.
The manufacture of red blood cells is called _________.
White blood cells are _______.
Clotting time for humans is _______.
5 to 15 minutes
The four types of blood are:
A, B, O, and AB.
________ is a universal donor.
________ is a universal recipient.
Disease that causes abnormally shaped red blood cells
sickle cell anemia
white blood cell
presence of swelling
After ______ without blood flow, the brain cells are irreversibly damaged.
4 to 5 minutes
The human heart weighs ________.
less than one pound
The heart is a ______ pump.
A defect in a heart valve is a _____.
A _______ is a surgically implanted electric device that regulates the heartbeat.
______ is the sound made by the heart valves closing.
The Purkinje Fibers are located in the _____.
_______ is the change or deviation from the normal rate or rhythm of the heart.
_____ are medications that can lower blood cholesterol levels.
The risks for heart disease:
high cholesterol, hypertension, family history, diabetes, smoking, lack of exercise
To decrease risk of heart disease:
30 minutes of exercise most days of the week.
______ penetrates the skin or body cavity.
Total cholesterol should be
less than 200mg/ dl
______ is severe chest pain when the heart doesn't get enough oxygen.
______- the term used for rapid heart rate (more than 100 beats per minute)
The ______ (pacemaker) sends out an electrical impulse that begins and regulates the heart.
cardiac muscle tissue
The _____ of the heart lies along the diaphragm and points to the left of the body.
All nurses must be proficient in ___.
the large venous blood vessel that brings deoxygenated blood back to the heart.
The _______ is located between the left atrium and left ventricle.
bicuspid (mitral) valve
The ______ contains deoxygenated blood.
stroke volume x heart rate =
The QRS wave represents a...
contraction of the ventricles.
The type of cholesterol least likely to lead in heart disease is ____ cholesterol.
Blood leaves the heart through ______.
The heart is in the ______ cavity.
the double layer of fibrous tissue surrounding the heart
The four valves of the heart are
tricuspid, bicuspid, pulmonary semilunar, aortic semilunar
The total blood ejected from the human heart is about
slow heart rate (less than 60 beats per minute)
an inflammation of the heart muscle
The blood contains ______ and other fat substances called _______.
a procedure to help open clogged vessels
The device that shocks the heart
a narrowing of the arteries that supply oxygen to the heart muscle
Coronary Artery Disease
a small portable battery operated EKG machine
blood thinners given during the first 12 hours after a MI
measures cholesterol, LDL, HDL, and triglycerides levels
drugs that reduce the amount of fluid in the body
is an insertion of a catheter into the heart, a dye is inserted and pictures are taken
a "complete heart block."