Heart&Blood Flashcards Preview

A&P Nursing > Heart&Blood > Flashcards

Flashcards in Heart&Blood Deck (93):
1

_________ is the liquid portion of the blood.

Plasma

2

Plasma is _________ of the blood volume.

55%

3

Plasma _____ is water.

92%

4

__________ is the most abundant of all the plasma proteins.

Albumin

5

_________ is a rupture or bursting of red blood cells.

Hemolysis

6

________ is cell eating.

Phagocytosis

7

_____, ______, and _____ all do phagocytosis.

Monocytes, neutrophils, and basophils

8

________ is the process that destroys bacteria.

Phagocytosis

9

Inflammation signs and symptoms:

redness, local heat, swelling, and pain.

10

________ is formation of a blood clot in a blood vessel.

Thrombosis

11

the presence of pathogenic organisms or toxins in the blood

Septicemia

12

About ___ of the population are Rh positive.

85%

13

______ = blood clotting

Coagulation

14

In many inflammations, chemical substances called pyrogens are formed, which are circulated by the _________.

hypothalamus.

15

The _______ controls the temperature.

hypothalamus

16

fever =

pyrexia

17

_________ are activated during an allergic reaction.

Basophils

18

________ is a hereditary disease in which the blood clots slowly or abnormally.

Hemophilia

19

_____ is a deficiency in the number and/or percentage of red blood cells and the amount of hemoglobin in the blood.

Anemia

20

______ leukocytes are formed in the bone marrow and spleen.

Agranular

21

_______ is a vital portion of the red blood cells.

Hemoglobin

22

A blood disease which there is a decrease in the number of platelets is __________.

Thrombocytopenia

23

Immobility can cause ______.

thrombosis

24

When the patient is a donor for him/her self it is an _________.

autologous transplant

25

the donor shares the same genetic type as the patient.

Allogenic transplant

26

Type A- can receive a transfusion from ___ or _____

A- or O-

27

________is the process where cells can move through intercellular spaces.

Diapedesis

28

______, ________, _______, and _______ can perform diapedesis.

Basophils, neutrophils, eosinophils, and monocytes

29

The average adult has _______ of blood.

8 to 10 pints

30

________ is necessary for clotting.

Fibrinogen

31

Another name for red blood cells is ______.

erythrocytes.

32

________ are biconcave disks.

Erythrocytes

33

The manufacture of red blood cells is called _________.

Erythropoiesis

34

White blood cells are _______.

leukocytes

35

Clotting time for humans is _______.

5 to 15 minutes

36

The four types of blood are:

A, B, O, and AB.

37

________ is a universal donor.

Type O-

38

________ is a universal recipient.

Type AB+

39

Disease that causes abnormally shaped red blood cells

sickle cell anemia

40

poly

many

41

gen

producing

42

leuko/cyte

white blood cell

43

mono

one

44

emia

blood

45

hema

blood

46

thrombo

clot

47

patho

disease

48

poiesis

formation of

49

edem/a

presence of swelling

50

an

without

51

After ______ without blood flow, the brain cells are irreversibly damaged.

4 to 5 minutes

52

The human heart weighs ________.

less than one pound

53

The heart is a ______ pump.

double

54

A defect in a heart valve is a _____.

murmur

55

A _______ is a surgically implanted electric device that regulates the heartbeat.

pacemaker

56

______ is the sound made by the heart valves closing.

Lubb Dubb

57

The Purkinje Fibers are located in the _____.

ventricles

58

_______ is the change or deviation from the normal rate or rhythm of the heart.

Arrhythmia

59

_____ are medications that can lower blood cholesterol levels.

Statins

60

The risks for heart disease:

high cholesterol, hypertension, family history, diabetes, smoking, lack of exercise

61

To decrease risk of heart disease:

30 minutes of exercise most days of the week.

62

______ penetrates the skin or body cavity.

Invasive

63

Total cholesterol should be

less than 200mg/ dl

64

______ is severe chest pain when the heart doesn't get enough oxygen.

Angina pectoris

65

______- the term used for rapid heart rate (more than 100 beats per minute)

Tachycardia

66

The ______ (pacemaker) sends out an electrical impulse that begins and regulates the heart.

SA node

67

cardiac muscle tissue

Myocardium

68

The _____ of the heart lies along the diaphragm and points to the left of the body.

apex

69

All nurses must be proficient in ___.

CPR

70

the large venous blood vessel that brings deoxygenated blood back to the heart.

vena cava

71

The _______ is located between the left atrium and left ventricle.

bicuspid (mitral) valve

72

The ______ contains deoxygenated blood.

pulmonary artery

73

stroke volume x heart rate =

cardiac output

74

The QRS wave represents a...

contraction of the ventricles.

75

The type of cholesterol least likely to lead in heart disease is ____ cholesterol.

HDL

76

Blood leaves the heart through ______.

arteries

77

The heart is in the ______ cavity.

Thoracic

78

the double layer of fibrous tissue surrounding the heart

pericardium

79

The four valves of the heart are

tricuspid, bicuspid, pulmonary semilunar, aortic semilunar

80

The total blood ejected from the human heart is about

5000 ml

81

slow heart rate (less than 60 beats per minute)

bradycardia

82

an inflammation of the heart muscle

myocarditis

83

The blood contains ______ and other fat substances called _______.

cholesterol, trigylcerides

84

a procedure to help open clogged vessels

Angioplasty

85

The device that shocks the heart

defibrillator

86

a narrowing of the arteries that supply oxygen to the heart muscle

Coronary Artery Disease

87

a small portable battery operated EKG machine

Holter monitor

88

blood thinners given during the first 12 hours after a MI

thrombolytic therapy

89

measures cholesterol, LDL, HDL, and triglycerides levels

Lipid panel

90

drugs that reduce the amount of fluid in the body

diuretics

91

is an insertion of a catheter into the heart, a dye is inserted and pictures are taken

cardiac catheterization

92

a "complete heart block."

Third-degree block

93

tiny webbed, stainless steel devices, which hold arteries open after an angioplasty

cardiac stents