Heart, Blood, Lungs & Digestion Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Heart, Blood, Lungs & Digestion Deck (37):
0

What is systolic?

First heart sound

1

What is dystolic?

Lowest pressure

2

How blood pressure is read?

120/80
Systolic/distolic

3

What is hypertension?

High blood pressure

4

What is hypotension?

Low blood pressure

5

What is used to take blood pressure?

Sphygmomanometer

6

What are the four pulse sites?

Radial (wrist)
Carotid (neck)
Temporal (temples)
Femoral (groin)

7

How many breaths should an adult take per minute?

12-18

8

How many breaths should a child take per minute?

18-30

9

What is a wheezing sound caused by?

Partially blocked airway

10

What is hemolytic anaemia?

Not enough red blood cells

11

What is classed as a high temperature?

39 or above

12

What are the 4 parts that blood is made up from?

Erythrocytes (red blood cells)
Leukocytes (white blood cells)
Thrombocytes (platelets)
Plasma

13

What are thrombocytes/platelets?

They clot blood

14

What is plasma?

Liquid portion of blood
90%water

15

How many litres of blood are in an adults system

5 litres

16

What do arteries carry?

Oxygenated blood

17

What do veins carry

De oxygenated blood

18

What are the three types of arteries?

Arteries - arterioles- capillaries

19

Arteries carry blood....

Away from the heart

20

Hat are the three types of veins?

Venous capillaries-venules- veins

21

Veins carry blood...

Towards the heart

22

How many chambers does the heart have?

4

23

Why are the two upper chambers of the heart called?

Atriums

24

What are the two lower chambers of the heart called?

Ventricles

25

What does the right side of the heart do?

Transports deoxygenated blood to the lungs
Veins

26

What does the left side of the heart do?

Transports oxygenated blood from the lungs to the body
Arteries

27

How does blood get from the lungs to the heart?

Via the pulmonary veins

28

Where is the superior vena cava from?

Upper body

29

Where is the inferior vena cava from

Lower body

30

What are the two forms of reparation?

External (lungs)
Internal

31

How much oxygen do we exhale?

16%

32

What is the inhalation process?

Trachea
Bronchi
Bronchioles
Alveoli
Blood

33

What is the exhalation process?

Alveoli
Bronchioles
Bronchi
Trachea
Carbon dioxide in the air

34

Which two actions does digestion use?

Chemical (enzyme)
Mechanical (mastication)

35

What enzymes in saliva aid digestion?

Ptyalin and maltase

36

What are the two main parts of the digestive system?

Duodenum (gall bladder & pancreas)
Ileum (villi)