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Gross II Exam II > Heart: Clinical > Flashcards

Flashcards in Heart: Clinical Deck (16):
1

What is the clinical condition that the pericardiual sac fills with fluid?

Cardiac Tamonade

2

Which vascular structure will become prominent in cardiac tamponade?

External Jugular Vein

3

What is the condition called when there is inflammation of the pericardium?

Pericarditis

4

T/F; pericarditis is less painful than other conditions of the chest and is always serious.

True

5

What will be present when listening to the heart if pericarditis is suspected?

A pericardial rub the will be present when the patient holds their breath

6

Where is pericardial pain felt?

Diffusely behind the sternum

7

T/F: the pericardium is less sensitive to pain that the pleura.

True

8

What is a obstruction of the pulmonary artery by a blood clot?

Pulmonary Eblosim

9

What is the condition that is present in 25% of the population where the foramen ovalie remains open?

Atrial Septal Defects (ASD)

10

What is it known as if the opening int eh fossa ovalis is small and clinically insignificant?

Probe Patent Foramen Ovalis

11

What are some of the symptoms of someone with ASD?

1) Pulmonary Trunk will enlarge
2) Right Ventricle will enlarge
3) blood will shunt from the left to the right atrium causing dilation of the right atrium

12

What is the clinical condition where lipid plaque deposits build up in the inner walls of arteries?

Athlerosclerosis

13

Athlerrosclerosis results in what?

Narrowing of the lumen of the arteries

14

What is substernal pain upon exertion?

Angina Pectoris (literally means chest pain)

15

What occurs when the coronary or one of its branches becomes completely blocked?

Myocardial Infarction (MI)

16

What is the most common artery to have a complete blockage?

Anterior Intervetnricular Artery (often called the widow maker)