Henry 7th Church + Religion Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Henry 7th Church + Religion Deck (6)
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1

Explain key reasons the church was so powerful during Henry V11 Reign

- The church was by far the largest land owner in the country other than the crown and could easily Rival the authority of the king.
- Church was hugely powerful in its numbers, w 10,000 regular clergy and 35,000 secular clergy.
- Church had its own system of courts .
- 'Benefits of the Clergy'

2

Why did the Church having its Own System of Courts result in increased power + authority?

Church had its own system of courts which could also rival authority of the law and king especially when it came to religious crimes such as heresy, as church had to hold trails for members of church such as clergy, bishops therefore regular law did not apply and law did not have full authority over members of the church.

3

What were the 'Benefits of the Clergy' and why did it make Church more powerful?

'Benefits of the Clergy' which meant offenders claiming to be in the Holy Order had to be handed over to church authority rather than regular authority where they would be dealt with are more harshly and what they would argue 'justified' consequences for the period at the time. This was widely abused + resulted in abundance of injustice.

4

Explain the reasons to argue Religion + the Church was popular and widely approved of under Henry?

Rulers were seen as Gods deputy on earth acting as guardians of his people therefore any threat to Monarch was viewed as Heresy and direct challenge to God.

- Church guided much of everyday life for people and unite country under one common factor - religion and prayer, regardless of rank or title.

- This is evident as church constantly grew in wealth and was very rich - emphasised by huge numbers of contributors and money given to Parish churches. Many left money equating to huge sums upon there death to churches.

Money enhanced the beauty of worship whilst ensuring remembrance of benefactors who left money for the formation of charities which was widely popular and accepted as good will from all embers of society.

- 9000 Parish churches were either built or improved by individuals throughout H reign. Many hoped there generosity + commitment would help reserve a place for them in Heaven.
Therefore Church was widely accepted throughout H7 Reign.

5

Explain reasons to argue Church was not completely accepted or challenges to church.

Despite size and power the church had many problems.
The Chief abusers were poverty and pluralism.

-Priests at time were extremely poorly educated and poorly paid which deeply contrasted to the wealth of the Bishops.
Priest earned less than £15 a year vs the £500 Bishops earned. I order to survive many priests turned to start serving more than one parish (even up to 5) which deeply effected the quality of religious worship.

- Due to injustice of pay for persist and poverty caused by it , it lead to further instance of criminal activity's which blackened the reputation of the church and undermined whole point of church.

Lollardy
- The problem of Lollardy who went against teachings of catholic church believed in Key changes to worship and reform. They believed Bible should be translated from Latin to English, disagreed with 'special priesthood' + the concept of transubstantiation.
This threatened church yet remained a small number regardless.

6

Did Henry support the Church and its power and hat was the relationship between them?

Henry + church built a understanding to work alongside one another as it could be hugely mutually beneficial.
Not only was Henry entirely orthodox, pias and deeply religious, but he chose never to question the churches power + influence or challenge there authority throughout reign.

- Henry was able to exploit and control church power and influence it to provide the crown w huge finances raised through taxations, loans and fines. The church was exceptionally wealthy and this benefitted Henry

- Clerical Taxes were a form of extra ordinary revue Henry could use to gain huge abundances of revenue when he needed them such as w French invasion where church gave crown £25,000.