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Flashcards in Hepatology Deck (283)
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1

quid of amebic liver disease

tender liver mass on abdominal ct scan

2

rx of amebic abcess

metronidazole

3

patient with hepatic mass after traveling in endemic areas

amebic abcess

4

drug causing idiosyncratic reaction hepatitis(4)

halothane
phenytoin
isoniazid
@-methyl dopa

5

drugs causing cholestasis(4)

chlorpromazine
erythropoietine
anabolic steroids
nitrofurantoin

6

drugs causing fatty liver disease(3)

tetracycline
acid valproic
ARV

7

drugs causing granulomatous reaction(2)

allopurinol
phenylbutazone

8

2 ways for drugs to cause injury

toxic effect
idiosyncratic reaction

9

quid of toxic effect

reaction is dose dependent

10

example of toxic efffect(2)

tetracycline
acetaminophen

11

quid of idiosyncratic effect

reaction is dose independent

12

example of idiosyncratic effect(2)

isoniazid
ARV

13

clue for non alcoholic steato hepatitis NASH(4)

non drinker
serologic hepatitis negative
obese with high ALP
slightly increase SGOT,SGPT

14

link to have NASH

obesity

15

why obesity causes NASH

fat cells are not responsive to insulin and lipid is deposited in the liver

16

how 's ALT/AST in NASH

AST/ALT<1

17

dx of NASH

Liver biopsy

18

risk factor for NASH(5)

obesity
diabete
hyperlipidemia
parenteral nutrition
medications

19

medication risk factor for NASH(5)

corticosteroids
tamoxifen
amiodarone
diltiazem
HAART

20

quid of Murphy sign

RUQ pain worst during inspiration

21

clue for acute cholecystitis

pain in RUQ worsen with fatty liver meal

22

ALP in chlocystitis

normal

23

where 's stone in acute cholecystitis

in the cystic duct

24

RUQ pain with high ALP(2)

cholangitis
or
choledocolithiasis

25

why you have fever in cholecystitis

secondary infection

26

why infection can happen in acute cholecystitis(2)

because of inflammatio you can have stasis and bacterial overgrowth
risk of gangrene and perforation

27

what's the first step to address in case of variceal bleeding

2 large bore IV needles or central line

28

patien with acute pancreatitis develops palpable epigastric mass

pseudocyst formation

29

why amylase is elevated in pseudocyst

leak of amylase from the pseudocyst into the circulation

30

best image to Dx pseudocyst

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