Herbal Supplement Uses and Adverse Effects Flashcards Preview

USMLE Step 3 > Herbal Supplement Uses and Adverse Effects > Flashcards

Flashcards in Herbal Supplement Uses and Adverse Effects Deck (18):
1

ginkgo biloba use

memory enhancement

2

ginkgo biloba adverse effect

increased bleeding risk

3

ginseng use

improved mental performance

4

ginseng adverse effect

increased bleeding risk

5

saw palmetto use

BPH

6

saw palmetto adverse effect

increased bleeding risk

7

black cohosh use

postmenopausal symptoms (hot flashes and vaginal dryness)

8

black cohosh adverse effects

- hepatic injury
- increased bleeding (antiplatelet properties)

9

St. John's wort uses

- depression
- insomnia

10

St. John's wort adverse effects

- drug interactions: antidepressants (serotonin syndrome), OC's, anticoagulants (decreased INR), digoxin
- hypertensive crisis

11

kava uses

- anxiety
- insomnia

12

kava adverse effect

severe liver damage

13

licorice uses

- stomach ulcers
- bronchitis/viral infections

14

licorice adverse effects

- HTN
- hypOkalemia

15

echinacea use

treatment and prevention of cold and flu

16

echinacea adverse effect

anaphylaxis (more likely in asthmatics)

17

ephedra uses

- treatment of cold and flu
- weight loss and improved athletic performance

18

ephedra adverse effects

- HTN
- arrhythmia/MI/sudden death
- stroke
- seizure