Herbals: Gingko, Garlic, Ginseng, Saw Palmetto Flashcards Preview

Adv Pharm > Herbals: Gingko, Garlic, Ginseng, Saw Palmetto > Flashcards

Flashcards in Herbals: Gingko, Garlic, Ginseng, Saw Palmetto Deck (13):
1

Gingko biloba use

inhibition of platelet aggregation/platelet aggregating factor (PAF)
increased cognitive function
increased circulation

2

gingko anest concern

increased risk of bleeding (enhances coumadin, NSAIDs, ASA)

3

gingko side effects

headache
dizziness
GI upset
dermal sensitivity

4

Garlic use

inhibits platelet aggregation
increases fibrinolysis
treats HTN
lowers cholesterol
anticancer properties?

5

garlic anest concerns

increased risk of bleeding (enhances coumadin)
decreased BP (chronic use may cause unresponsive hypotension in OR)

6

garlic other concerns

inhibits platelet aggregation
increases fibrinolysis
may be irreversible in high doses

7

Ginseng use

decreases BG
inhibits platelet aggregation
increased energy, mood
protects against stress and restore homeostasis

8

ginseng anest concern

hypoglycemia
increased risk of bleeding

9

ginseng side effects

transient nervousness, excitation
increased HR
inability to concentrate
insomnia
headache
HTN
epistasis
allergies
water/electrolyte imbalances
addiction issues

10

ginseng other info

avoid ASA, NSAIDs
decreased effectiveness of Coumadin?

11

Saw Palmetto use

treat BPH
may have anti inflammatory effects

12

saw palmetto anest concern

increased risk of bleeding

13

saw palmetto other info

anti-inflammatory effects by inhibition of cyclooxygenase (COX) and platelet dysfunction